Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/27

Click to flip

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
The majority of medical terms in current use are composed of...
Greek and Latin word parts.
page 1
List the four word parts
1. Word roots
2. Suffixes
3. Prefixes
4. Combining vowels
page 2
Word root
The word part that is the core of the word.
page 2
Suffix
The word part attach to the end of the word root to modify its meaning.
page 3
Eponym
A word based on the name of a person, such as Parkinson disease.
page 2
Accronym
A word formed from the first letter of the words in a set phrase, such as SARS(severe acute respiratory syndrome).
page 2
-scopy
suffix meaning visual examination
page 3
-tomy
suffix meaning surgical incision
page 3
-itis
suffix meaning inflammation or a disease
page 3
-oma
tumor

(s)
page 3
Prefix
A word part attached to the beginning of a word root to modify its meaning.
page 2
bi-
prefix meaning two
page 3
sub-
prefix meaning under
page 3
intra-
prefix meaning within
page 3
brady-
prefix meaning slow
page 3
a-
prefix meaning without
page 3
Combining vowel
A word part, usually an O, used to ease pronunciation.
-Used to connect two word roots.
-Used to connect a word root and suffix.
-Not used to connect a prefix and a word root.
page 4
What are the four guidelines for using combining vowels?
1. When connecting a word root and suffix, a combining vowel is used if the suffix does not begin with a vowel.

2. When connecting a word root and a suffix, a combining vowel is usually not used if the suffix begins with a vowel.

3. When connecting two word roots, a combining vowel is usually used even if vowels are present at the junction.

4. When connecting a prefix and a word root, never use a combining vowel.
page 4-5
Combining form
(Not a word root per se, but is presented together with combining vowels for learning purposes.)
A word root with the combing vowel attached, separated by a vertical slash.
page 5
arthr
word root meaning joint
page 7
hepat/o
liver

(WR)
page 7
ven/o
vein

(WR)
page 7
oste/o
bone

(wr)
page 7
-itis
suffix meaning inflammation
page 7
-ic
suffix meaning pertaining to
page 7
-ous
suffix meaning pertaining to
page 7
-pathy
suffix meaning disease
page 7