Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Genetics
The science that studies how characteristics get passed from parent to offspring
Genetic factors
The general guideline of traits determined by a person's DNA
Environmental factors
Those "nonbiological" factors that are involved in a person's surroundings such as the nature of the person's parents, the person's friends, and the person's behaviroal choices
Spiritual factors
The factors in a person's life that are determined by the quality of his or her relationship with God
Gene
A section of DNA that codes for the production of a protien or a portion of protien, thereby causing a trait
Messenger RNA
The RNA that performs transcription
Anticodon
A three-nucleotide base sequence on tRNA
Codon
A sequence of three nucleotide bases on mRNA that refers to a specific amino acid
Chromosome
DNA coiled around and supported by protiens, found in the nucleus of the cell
Mitosis
A process of asexual reproduction in eukaryotic cells
Interphase
The time interval between cellular reproduction
Mother cell
A cell ready to begin reproduction, containing duplicated DNA and centrioles
Centromere
The region that joins to sister chromatids
Karyotype
The figure produced when the chromosomes of a species during metaphase are arranged according to their homologous pairs
Diploid cell
A cell with chromosomes that come in homologous pairs
Haploid cell
A cell that has only one representative of each chromosome pair
Diploid number (2n)
The total number of chromosomes in a diploid cell
Haploid number (n)
The number of homologous pairs in a diploid cell
Meiosis
The process by which a diploid (2n) cell forms gametes (n)
Gametes
Haploid cells (n) produced by diploid cells (2n) for the purpose of sexual reproduction