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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The science that studies how characteristics get passed from parent to offspring
Genetic factors
The general guideline of traits determined by a person's DNA
Environmental factors
Those "nonbiological" factors that are involved in a person's surroundings such as the nature of the person's parents, the person's friends, and the person's behaviroal choices
Spiritual factors
The factors in a person's life that are determined by the quality of his or her relationship with God
A section of DNA that codes for the production of a protien or a portion of protien, thereby causing a trait
Messenger RNA
The RNA that performs transcription
A three-nucleotide base sequence on tRNA
A sequence of three nucleotide bases on mRNA that refers to a specific amino acid
DNA coiled around and supported by protiens, found in the nucleus of the cell
A process of asexual reproduction in eukaryotic cells
The time interval between cellular reproduction
Mother cell
A cell ready to begin reproduction, containing duplicated DNA and centrioles
The region that joins to sister chromatids
The figure produced when the chromosomes of a species during metaphase are arranged according to their homologous pairs
Diploid cell
A cell with chromosomes that come in homologous pairs
Haploid cell
A cell that has only one representative of each chromosome pair
Diploid number (2n)
The total number of chromosomes in a diploid cell
Haploid number (n)
The number of homologous pairs in a diploid cell
The process by which a diploid (2n) cell forms gametes (n)
Haploid cells (n) produced by diploid cells (2n) for the purpose of sexual reproduction