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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the 3 male skinfold sites?
1 chest
2 abdominal
3 thigh
What are the 3 female skinfold sites?
1 suprailiac
2 thigh
3 tricep
What are the 7 skinfold sites?
1 chest - diagonal fold
2 midaxillary - vertical fold
3 suprailiac - diagonal fold
4 abdominal - vertical fold
5 thigh - vertical fold
6 subscapular - diagonal fold
7 tricep - vertical fold
What is th epurpose of the YMCA Cycle Ergometer Test?
to determine an individual's level of CDV endurance
What does "Relative" Contraindication mean?
the contraindication can be superseded if benefits outweigh the risks of exercise
What are the 9 ABSOLUTE CONTRAINDICATIONS to exercise testing?
1. a recent significant change in the resting ECG suggesting significant ischemia, recent myocardial infarction (within 2 days) or other acute myocardial event
2. Unstable angina
3. uncontrolled cardiac arythmias causing symptoms or hemodynamic compromise
4. severe symptomatic aortic stenosis
5. Uncontrolled symptomatic heart failure
6. acute pulmonary embolus or pulmonary infarction
7. acute myocarditis or pericarditis
8. suspected or known dissecting aneurysm
9. acute infections
What are the 11 RELATIVE CONTRAINDICATIONS for exercise testing?
1. Left main coronary stenosis
2. Moderate stenotic valvular heart disease
3. Electrolyte abnormalities
4. Severe arterial hypertension (sys>200 and/or dia>110) at rest
5. Tachyarrhythmias or bradyarrhythmias
6. Hypertrophic cardimiopathy and other forms of outflow tract obstruction
7. Neuromuscular, musculoskeletal, or rheumatoid disorders that are exacerbated by exercise
8. High-degree atrioventricular block
9. Ventricular aneurysm
10. Uncontrolled metabolic disease (ie diabetes)
11. Chronic infectious disease (ie mono, hepatitis, AIDS)
What are the 7 parts of an INFORMED CONSENT for an Exercise Test?
1. Purpose and explanation of the test
2. Attendant risks and discomforts
3. Responsibilities of the participant
4. Benefits to be expected
5. Inquiries
6. Use of medical records
7. Freedom of consent
Systolic Blood Pressure > or = 140
Dyastolic Blood Pressure > or = 90

(Confirmed by measurements on 2 separate occasions)
Hypertension
Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factor
Total Serum Cholesterol of > 200 mg/dL, or HDL of < 35 mg/dL, or on lipid-lowering medication. Also use LDL > 130 mg/dL
hypercholesterolemia
Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factor
Fasting blood glucose of > or = 110 mg/dL confirmed by measurements on 2 separate occasions
Impaired fasting glucose
Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factor
Body Mass Index of > or = 30 kg/m2, or waist girth of >100cm
Obesity
Coronary Artery Risk Factor
Persons not participating in a regular exercise program or meeting hte minimal physical activity recommendations from the US Surgeon General's report
Sedentary Lifestyle
Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factor
HDL is >60 mg/dL
High serum HDL cholesterol
NEGATIVE coronary artery disease risk factor
What are 7 positive risk facotrs for coronary artery disease?
1. family history
2. cigarette smoking
3. hypertension
4. hypercholesterolemia
5. impaired fasting glucose
6. obesity
7. sedentary lifestyle
Pain, discomfort in the chest, neck, jaw, arms, or other areas that may be due to ischemia
Major sign or symptom suggestive of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Disease
Shortness of breath at rest or with mild exertion
Major sign or symptom suggestive of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Disease
Dizziness or syncope
Major sign or symptom suggestive of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Disease
Orthopnea or paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
Major sign or symptom suggestive of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Disease
ankle edema
Major sign or symptom suggestive of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Disease
palpitaions or tachycardia
Major sign or symptom suggestive of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Disease
intermittent claudication
Major sign or symptom suggestive of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Disease
known heart murmur
Major sign or symptom suggestive of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Disease
unusual fatigue or shortness of breath with usual activities
Major sign or symptom suggestive of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Disease
Who is considered LOW Risk?
Younger individuals (men <45, women <55) who are asymptomatic and meet no more than one risk factor threshold
Who is considered to be MODERATE risk?
Older individuals (men>45, women >55) or those who meet the threshold for two or more risk factors
Who is considered HIGH risk?
Individuals with one or more signs/symptoms suggestive of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Disease, or known cardiovascular, pulmonary, or metabolic disease
At which risk level(s) is it recommended to have a medical exam and exercise test prior to participation?
a) with moderate exercise
b) with vigorous exercise
a) high risk
b) moderate & high risk
At which risk level(s) is it recomended to have physician supervision of exercise tests:
a) during a submax test
b) during a max test
a) high risk
b) moderate & high risk
What are the 10 components of the Medical History?
1 medical diagnosis
2 previous physical exam findings
3 history of symptoms
4 recent illness, hospitalization, new medical diagnosis or surgical procedures.
5 Orthopedic problems
6 Medication use, drug allergies
7 Other habits
8 exercise history
9 work history
10 family history
BP class
<120 / <80
optimal
BP class
120-129 / 80-84
Normal
BP class
sys: 130-139 or dias: 85-89
high normal
BP class
sys: 140-159 or dias: 90-99
hypertension stage 1
BP class
sys: 160-179 or dias: 100-109
hypertension stage 2
BP class
sys: > or = 180
or
dias: > or = 110
hypertension stage 3
History of myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, or sudden death:
male age < or = 55
female age < or = 65
family history
Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factor
Current cigarette smoker or those who quit within the previous 6 months
Cigarette Smoking
Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factor