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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the study of biological, psychological et social aspects of aging.
refers to the changes that take place in the organism throughout the life span
Social Gerontology
the area of gerontology that is concerned with the impact of social et sociocultural conditions of the process of aging et with the social consequences of this process.
focuses on how to prevent or manage the diseases of aging.
Importance of Gerontology pt 1
the study of aging as a mormal developmental process over the life span. It gives insight into our own interpersonal relationships, self-esteem competence et meaningful activities as we grow older.
Importance of Gerontology pt 2
it also helps with the comprehension of the aging process of our own parents, grandparents, clients, patients et friends.
Importance of Gerontology pt 3
it is also important to recognize that change and growth take place throughout the life course et that the concerns of older people are not distinct from those of the young, but represent a continuation of earlier life periods.
Importance of Gerontology pt 4
understanding can help improve our effectiveness in communicating with relatives, friends or professionals. Such knowledge can help change any assumptions of stereotypes we may hold about behavior appropriate to various ages.
Environmental Press pt 1
is defined as the demands that social et physical environments make on the individual to adapt, respond or change.
Environmental Press pt 2
little environmental press is available or present in an institutional setting et the individual is not responsible for any self care (i.e. personal grooming et housekeeping tasks). Few resources are available to stimulate the senses et challenge the mind. Few visitors (personal contacts) also decrease environmental press.
Environmental Press pt 3
When environmental press is slightly above the level an individual need to adapt, an individual performs at their best. (i.e. when an older adult is sharing a living environment in a multigenerational home, the older adult plays a pivitol role in the home).
Environmental Press pt 4
If the environmental press demands are too high, the individual experiences stess overload.
Chronological Aging
aging on the basis of a person's years from birth.
Biological et Functional Aging
Biological aging are the physical changes that decrease the efficiency of organ systems (i.e. heart, lungs, et circulatory system). Functional aging is the decrease in efficiency of functional abilities of the organ systems et physical activity levels.
Psychological Aging
changes that occur in sensory et perceptual processes, mental functioning (memory, learning et intelligence) adaptive capacity et personality.
Sociological Aging
Changes in an individual's roles et relationships with time.
Competence Model
one useful way to view the dynamic interactions between the person's physical et psychological characteristics et the social et physical environment.
Individual Competence
defined by Lawton et Nahemow (1973) as the theoretical upper limit of an individual's abilities to function in the areas of health, social behavior et cognition.
Person Environment Perspective
that the environment is not a static backdrop but changes continually as the older person takes from it what he or she needs, controls what can be manipulated et adjusts to conditions that cannot be changed.
Active Aging
defined by the World Health Organization as 'the process of optimizing opportunities for health, participation et security in order to enhance quality of life as people age' (WHO 2002).
used to describe groups of people who were born at approximately the same time and therefore share many common experiences.
changes that occur after age 30 that reflect normal declines in all organ systems. Happens gradually throughout the body reducing the viability of different bodily systems et increasing their vulnerability to disease.
Age Graded
every society is age graded; it assigns different roles, expectations, opportunities, status et constraints to people of different ages.
Geronticide or Senicide
the death of old persons as practiced in some ancient cultures.
Filial Piety
a sense of reverence et deference to elders that encourages care for one's aging family members.
Modernization Theory
advances in technology, applied sciences, urbanization et literacy which in this context are related to a decline in status of older people.
attitudes, beliefs et conceptions of the nature et characteristics of older persons that are prejudicial, distorting their actual characteristics, abilities, etc.
Life Expectancy
estimated based on environmental conditions (i.e. disease et healthcare)
Maximum Life Span
the number of years a given species could expect to live if environmental hazards were eliminated.
Oldest Old
Age 85+; percentage alive in 2000-12%. Projected in 2050 to be 23% of the population.
Old Old
75-84 years of age. 35% of the population in 2000; projected in 2050 to be 33% of the population.
Young Old
65-74 years of age. 53% of the population in 2000; projected to be 44% of the population in the year 2050.
Baby Boomers
Born between 1946 & 1964.
Determinants of Active Aging
Health et Social Svcs; economic & social determinants; physical environment; personal et behavioral determinants.
Birth Cohort
persons born with in the same 10 year period.
100 years of age or older.
Myths, Stereotypes et Misconceptions Concerning Aging pt 1
all old people are alike; older people are in poor health; they are inflexible et resistant to change; no longer interested in or capable of sexual intimacy.
Myths, Stereotypes et Misconceptions Concerning Aging pt 2
Retirement is a period of crisis et adjustment; retirement undermines the physical health of the retiree et ofter leads to death; is highly disruptive of family relations since it supposedly alters the balance of power et divison of labor btwn husband et wives.
Myths, Stereotypes et Misconceptions Concerning Aging pt 3
Retirement plunges people into poverty because it is often accompanied by a 50% decline in income; retirees are denied a normal role in the community and are forced into geriatric ghettos.
Sources of Misconceptions pt 1
younger adults overestimate the problems of older people; mass media tends to focus on the less fortunate cases among older adults.
Sources of Misconceptions pt 2
Detached observers (political advocates) attempt to carefully describe how people think, feel et act. Moreover, they periodically offer solutions to problems confronted by a particular group of people--often exaggerated to further their cause.
Information the biological organism directs to the brain.
Life Span
Refers to the maximum number of years homo sapiens can survive.
Living together without being married.
Demographic Turnover
everyday a large number of person enter the 65 age group et a large number over 65 die.
Cultural Lag
the considerable time it may take for various elements of a culture to catch up to a change in another part of the culture.