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94 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ibi paucos dies manebant
They remained there for a few days

Accusative of duration of time
Neapolim cras iter faciemus
We shall travel to Naples tomorrow

Accusative - motion to a place
Rus aestate semper redimus
We always return to the country in the summer

Accusative - motion to a place
Urbs Troia decem annos obsidebatur
The city of Troy was besieged for ten years.

Accusative - duration of timeq
murus erat tres pedes altus
The wall was three feet high

Accusative - extent of space
multa milia passuum progressi erant
They had advanced many miles

Accusative - extent of space
o praeclarum costodem ovium, ut aiunt, lupum!
What an excellent protector of sheep, so they say, the wolf is!

Accusative in exclamations
o tempora! o mores!
What times! What customs!

Accusative in exclamations
quanti hanc domum emisti?
How much did you pay for this house?

Genitive to express price or value
magni amicitiam tuam aestimo
I value your friendship greatly

Genitive to express price or value
natandi causa
For the purpose of swimming/to swim

genitive with ablative (causa or gratia)
exempli gratia
For the sake of an example/for example

genitive with ablative (causa or gratia
vir summae virtutis
A man of outstanding bravery

Genitive to describe a personal quality
civis Romani est pro patria pugnare
It is the duty of a Roman citizen to fight for his country

Genitive with esse to describe a duty or characteristic
prudentis est pecuniam conservare
It is characteristic of a sensible man to save his money

Genitive with esse to describe a duty or characteristic.
plerique civium
most of the citizens

partitive genitive
nonnulli vestrum
some of you

partitive genitive
nihil periculi
no danger

partitive genitive
satis pecuniae
enough money

partitive genitive
quid novi?
what news?

partitive genitive
plus vini
more wine

partitive genitive
Romae
at Rome

Genitive indicating place at which
Brundisii
at Brundisium

Genitive indicating place at which
Corinthi
in Corinth

Genitive indicating place at which
humi
on the ground

Genitive indicating place at which
imperare
to order, give orders to

takes the dative
indulgere
to indulge, pander to

takes the dative
minari
to threaten, offer harm to

takes the dative
nocere
to harm, bring harm to

takes the dative
nubere
to marry

takes the dative
permittere
to allow, give permission to

takes the dative
placere
to please, give pleasure to

takes the dative
resistere
to resist, offer resistance to

takes the dative
servire
to serve, be a slave to

takes the dative
studere
to study, be devoted to

takes the dative
confidere
to trust

takes the dative
favere
to favour

takes the dative
ignoscere
to forgive

takes the dative
invidere
to envy

takes the dative
parere
to obey

takes the dative
parcere
to spare

takes the dative
persuadere
to persuade

takes the dative
suadere
to urge, advise

takes the dative
consulere + acc
to consult
consulere + dat
to show concern for, consider the interests of
deesse
to be lacking, fail

takes the dative
interesse
to take part in

takes the dative
praeesse
to be in charge of

takes the dative
prodesse
to be of use to, benefit

takes the dative
superesse
to survive

takes the dative
mihi sunt multi servi
I have many slaves

Dative w esse = possession
ars militaris in acie militibus magno usui erat
Their fighting skill was a great asset to the soldiers in battle.

Predicative dative with a dative denoting the person/object affected.
complures captivi vulneribus mortui sunt
Several prisoners died from their wounds

Simple ablative
miles hostem gladio necavit
The soldier killed the enemy with his sword

Simple ablative
hostes virtute non fraude vincemus
We shall conquer the enemy by courage not by trickery

Simple ablative
nostri scientia hostes antecedunt
Our men surpass the enemy in skill

Simple ablative
gladiator ingenti corpore
A gladiator with a big body

Simple ablative
soror natu minima
The youngest sister

Simple ablative
agricola servum trecentis denariis emit
The farmer bought the slave for 300 denarii

Simple ablative
loco idoneo
in a suitable place

Ablative - place where
tota urbe
in the whole city

ablative - place where
duobus diebus veniet
He will come in two days

Ablative - specific time
prima luce dicessit
He left at dawn

Ablative - specific time
abutor, abusus sum (3)
to use up, exhaust,

takes ablative
fruor, fructus sum (3)
to enjoy

takes ablative
fungor, functus sum (3)
to perform

takes ablative
potior, potitus sum (4)
to obtain possession of

takes ablative
vescor (3)
to feed on

takes ablative
egeo (2)
to need

takes ablative
indigeo (2)
to need, lack

takes ablative
nitor, misus sum (3)
to lean on

takes ablative
nudo (1)
to strip off
spolio (1)
to strip of

takes ablative
privo (1)
to deprive
luce sunt clariora nobis tua consilia omnia
All your plans are clearer to us than daylight

Ablative with a comparative adjective/adverb expressing comparison
plus solito
more than usual

Ablative of comparison
spe celerius
more quickly than was hoped

Ablative of comparison
opinione citius
sooner than expected

Ablative of comparison
uno pede altior sum quam frater
I am a foot taller than my brother

Ablative - amount of difference
pauco maior
a little bigger

Ablative - amount of difference
nihilominus
nonetheless

Ablative - amount of difference
paucis post diebus
a few days later

Ablative - amount of difference
dignus
worth of

takes ablative
indignus
unworthy of

takes ablative
fretus
relying on

takes ablative
orbus
deprived of

takes ablative
sua sponte
of his own accord

ablative phrase
iure
rightly

ablative phrase
iniuria
wrongly, unjustly

ablative phrase
adverso flumine
upstream

ablative phrase
hoc modo
in this way

ablative phrase
aequo animo
calmly

ablative phrase
dextra
on the right

ablative phrase
sinistra
on the left

ablative phrase