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15 Cards in this Set

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House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)
this congressional committee played a prominent role in attempting to uncover and punsih those suspected of aiding the communist cause in the early years of the Cold war.
massive retaliation
the "new look" defense policy of the Eisenhouwer administration in the 1950s was to threaten "massive retaliation" with nuclear weapons in response to any act of aggression by a potential enemy.
Berlin airlift
in 1948, in response to a Soviet land blockade of Berlin, the U.S carried out a massive effort to supply the two million Berlin citizens with food, fuel and other goods by air for more than six months. the airlift forced the Soviets to end the blockade in 1949.
Marshall plan
in 1947, secretary of state George Marshall proposed a massive economic aid program to rebuild the war-torn economies of wester European nations. the plan was motivated by both humanitarian concern for the conditons of those nation's economies and fear that economic dislocation would promote communism in western Europe.
iron curtain
British prime minister Winston Churchill coined this phrase to refer to the boundary in Europe that divided Soviet-dominated eastern and central Europe from western Europe, which was free from Soviet control.
lend-lease
arguing that aiding Britain wouldhelp America's own self-defense, President Roosevelt in 1941 asked Congress for a $7 billion plan. This would allow the president to sell, lend, lease, or transfer war materials to any country whose defense he declared as vital to that of the U.S.
Suez crisis
Egyptial leader Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized this in 1956 when the U.S. withdrew promised aid to build the Aswan Dam on the Nile. Britain and France, dependent on Middle East oil that was transported throught he Suez canal, launched an armed attack to regain control. President Eisenhower protested the use of force and persuaded Britain and France to withrdraw their troops.
neutrality acts
reacting to their disilllusionment iwht world war 1 and absorbed in the domestic crisis of the depression, Americans backed Congress's three acts in the 1930s.
1935 act
forbade selling munitions to belligerents in a war
1936 act
forbad lending money to belligerents in a war
1937 act
requred that all remaining trade be conducted on a cash-and-carry basis
Dien Bien Phu
in 1954, Vietminh rebels besieged a French garrison at this place, deep in the interiror of northern Vietnam. In May, after the U.S refused to intervene, this place fell to the communists.
national security act
Congress passed this act in 1947 in response to perceived threats from the Soviet Union after World War II. it established the Department of Defense and created the Central Intelligence Agecy (CIA) and National Security Council.
Taft-Hartley act
this 1947 anti-union legislation outlawed the closed shop and secondary boycotts. It also authroized the president to seek injunctions to prevent strikes that posed to national security.
Truman doctrine
in 1947, President Truman asked Congress for money to aid the Greek and TUrkish governments that were then threatened by communist rebels. Arguing for the appropriations, Truman asserted his doctrine that the U.S was committed to support free people everywhere who were resisting subjugations by communist attack or rebellion.