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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Ivan the Great
or Ivan II, was Russia’s first national leader. He brought most of Russia back together and began the practice of absolute rule. He was the first czar, meaning Caesar. He claimed authority over everything.
Ivan the Terrible
Russia 1530 –1584. Ivan the Terrible, or Ivan IV, was Ivan III’s grandson. He was the Russian czar. He organized the oprichniki, a group of terrorists who rode black horses and killed disloyal people. He was a harsh ruler, and a very powerful one. Centralized Royal power. Killed his grandson and had Saint Basil’s Cathedral built.
mansa musa
Greatest Emperor of Mali. Expanded borders of country. Peace and safety in land. Great trading centers. Converted to Islam. Based justice on Koran. But had some other customs. No veils for women. Made the Hajj to Mecca and spread economic ties. Timbuktu, the capital, became great center of learning.
sonni ali
Soldier-king of Songhai. Made largest state that ever existed in West Africa. Was not Muslim. Traditional religious beliefs.
askia muhammad
Followed Sonni Ali after his death. Was a Muslim and set up Muslim dynasty. Expanded Songhai. Bureaucracy set up. Made pilgrimage to Mecca that tied him to Muslim world. Muslims came back to Gao. Built mosques and schools to study Quran.
King of Ethiopia. Monks built churches in rock of mountains. Say angels helped the workers. This king said he saw the angels.
yi Yuan
General under Sui Dynasty. His 16-year-old son, Li Shimin, urged him to lead a revolt. Together they won and started Tang Dynasty. Later the son took over.
Kublai Khuan
Genghiz Khan’s grandson. Toppled last Song emperor. Tried to prevent Mongols from being absorbed in Chinese civilization. Only Mongols in military, and highest jobs given to Mongols. Allowed Chinese officials to rule in provinces. Demanding.
murasaki shikibu
Best known Heian writer. Rivaled Sei Shonagon. Wrote The Tale of Jenji, first full-length novel in the world, about fictional prince. Banquet, entertainment, Wave Dance, rhyme word contest. Jenji’s poem about Spring best - slightly sad. End of era.
tokugawa Ieyasu
Defeated rivals and became master of Japan. Named Shogun 3 years later. Tokugawa Shogunate ruled until 1868.
medici family
- The Medici family in Florence was very wealthy and they supported artists. Patrons
da vinci
a painter, sculptor, and inventor during the Renaissance. He dissected human bodies to study anatomy. He made drawings of submarines, airplanes, and other inventions. He is most famous for his painting of the Mona Lisa. He contributed in so many areas, including art, anatomy, music, architecture, and engineering.
sculptor, engineer, painter, poet, architect. Pieta was Mary with Jesus. David, was statue.
Wrote The Book of the Courtier.
He was a resident of Florence. He felt that a strong central government was beneficial. He was the author of the book, The Prince. It was written for rulers and taught them how to rule. He outlined five virtues that rulers should try and emulate. He wrote that they should appear merciful, faithful, humane, religious, and upright. He really was concerned with appearances, and he said that rulers did not necessarily need to be religious, only to appear to be so. Their goal should be to stay in power. He said it was better to be feared than loved.