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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Intestinal Obstruction
Blockage of intestinal tract that inhibits passage of fluid, gas, feces
Caused by
mechanical obstruction (strangulated hernia, adhesion, cancer, volvulus, intussusception)
neurogenic obstruction (paralytic ileus, uremia, electrolyte imbalance(low K), spinal cord lesion)
Vascular disease (occlusion of superior mesentery vessels)
Intestinal Obstruction
loud frequent bowel sounds above obstruction
intermittent & cramping pain
vomiting (fecal)
distention, no stool or gas passage
severe F & E imbalance
What is Pyloric stenosis
Opening between stomach and small intestine too narrow
What is Intussusception
Slipping of part of intestine into part below
What is Volvulus
Intestinal twisting
What is Ileus
Intestinal obstruction caused by lack of peristalsis
What is atresia:
absence or closure of a normal body passage
an abnormal passage or communication between two organs
a narrowing in a passageway
a twisting of the intestine
A newborn who has been diagnosed with a tracheoesophageal fistula is awaiting transport to an intensive care nursery. What assessments would be important? How would you explain this disorder to his parents? What position would you place the child in while awaiting transport?
Failure of the trachea and esophagus to recanalize correctly so they result in separate organs occurs for unknown causes. Using an anatomic drawing so the parents can see the relationship of one organ to another is helpful. Placing the child in an upright position in an infant seat reduces the possibility that stomach secretions containing acid will flow upward into the esophagus, into the trachea, and then into the lungs to complicate the problem by allowing inflammation and pneumonia to develop; this is an important nursing action
What is Hirschsprung's Disease?
a rare congenital (present at birth) abnormality that results in obstruction . It is most often found in males. It is commonly found in Down Syndrome children. It can be life-threatening or a chronic disorder. The inadequate motility is a result of an aganglionic (without nerve tissue) section of the intestines resulting in megacolon (dilated section of colon).
What are the symptoms of Hirschsprung's Disease?
failure to pass a meconium stool within 24-48 hours after birth
reluctance to eat
bile-stained (green) vomiting
abdominal distension
What are the symptoms of Hirschsprung's Disease? (II)
child has difficulty gaining weight
episodes of diarrhea and vomiting
What are the symptoms of Hirschsprung's Disease
enterocolitis (inflammation of the colon) developes?
Explosive watery diarrhea
THIS IS considered serious and life-threatening