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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
5-6 yrs to puberty
Sexual Calm
Focused on same sex friends but not in a sexual way
Puberty to adulthood
Achieveing sexual intamcy in an adulthood relationship
Carl Jung
Alfred Adler
Karen Horney
Carl Jung
3 parts- ego, personal unconscious is unquie to each person. Collective unconscious is a shared (happy) to everyone.
Alfred Adler
Promoted indiviual inferiorority- all struggle to be strong, but we feel inferior
Karen Horney
No penis envy anxiety
Deals with ideal ways when we don't live up to the ideal way.
Free will
Psychological growth
Self-actualized (reach goals)
Carl Rogers
Set of perceptions and beliefes about yourself:
Personal qualities
Typical behavior
Act in accordance with our self perception
Conditional Positive Regard
Child is loved only when they behave in a way that is exceptable for behavior
Most parents give this
Causes child to deny or distrote real feelings.
Unconditional Positive Regard
Child's sense of being unconditionally loved even if mom or dad doesn't like their behavior.
Fully-Functioning Person
Flexible, evolving self-concept
Realistic (set goals)
Open to new experiences
Capable of Change
Albert Bandura said that our personality deals with soical orgins of thoughts and actions
Process fo Self-Regulation
1.Watch others
2. Observe consequences
3. Regulate behavior
Reciprocal Determinism
Cognitive factors - behavioral factors - enviormental factors: These all go together.
Cognitive Factors
Bandura's Self-Efficacy

Rotter's Locus of Control
Bandura's Self-Efficacy
Your belief in your ability to perfrom well.
High self-esteem -set high goals, and very cofident
Low self-esteem -set low goals with no challenge, and very low cofidence
Rotter's Locus of Control
How people account for what happens in their lives.
Internal -see themsleves as in control of their lives
External -future is in the hands of fate.
Individual differences
2 dimensions to personality
Introversion - Extroversion
Degree to which you direct your energies outward to others versus inward to self
Tend to be quiet and reserved
Tend to be social and outgoing
Neuroticism - Emotional Stability

Emotional stability
Predisposition to become emotionaly upset
Emotional stability
Predisposition to be emotionally stabel
The big Five
Extraversion- outgoing vs. interverted
Neuroticism- stabel vs. upset
Conscientiousness- dependable vs. not dependable
Agreeableness- friendly vs. nonfriendly
Openness to experiences- open or not
Nature vers nurture!
Both are very important.
Heredity can be a very large difference
Personality Assessments
1. Observation, interviews, scales
2. Personality inventories
3. Projective tests
Observation, interviews, scales
Based on first impressions
Personality invetories
The big five test.
They sometimes use this test when hiring new employees.
Projective tests
Least active
asked to project intermost feelings
Social Psychology
Studies how people:
Behave in social situations
2 basic areas
Social Cognition
Social Influence
Social Cognition
How people form impressions
How people interpret behavior
Behavior affected by attitudes
Social Influence
Behavior is affected by:
Situational Factors (social)
Person Perception
Metal processes used to:
Form judgements of others
Draw conclusions
Basic Principles
Treat others according to perception
Goals determine info collected
Evaluated people on expectations
Self-perception influences perception of others
Social Norms
Expectations for appropriate behavior
Implicit Personality Theory
Assumptions about relationship among type of:
Inferring causes of people's behavior
Fundamental Attribution Error
Tendency to attribute behavior of others to internal influences
Ignoring external influecnces
Blaming the Victim
Innocent Victim is blamed
Just-World Hypothesis
The world is just, so victim must deserve fate
Prevents thinking that this could of easily happened to me.
Actor-Observer Discrepancy
One's own behavior to external causes
Others behavior to internal causes.
Self-Serving Bias
Tendency to attribute
Successful outcome of one's own behavior to internal causes
Unsuccessful outcomes to external causes
Cross-Cultural Psych
Japanese and Chinese
Attribute academic failure to personal cause
Academic success to situational
Change in response to real or imagined group pressure
Asch Study
One person is the real person being tested and the rest are all confederates ( they are someone in relation with the tester). Asch wanted to see what the true particpant would say. Confederates were told to give wrong answer.
The Results
7% of subjects conformed at least once
Over all trials, 37% of responses were incorrect
Factors influencing Conformity
An ally- one other person in group that agrees with you
Normative social influence- people can form cause they want to fit in
Informational social influence- people can form cause they don't want to be wrong
Performance of an action in response
Started looking at obedience
Could a person be pressured into committing an immoral act?
Milgram's Study
Teacher was the real person and they had to give a shock to the student (confederate) when they gave a wrong answer
Results of Milgram's Study
2/3 went full way
Nobody stopped before 300 volts
Repeated many times
NO gender differences
Explaining Results
Well established framework to obey
Gradual, repetitive task
Experimenter's behavior
Physical and psychological separation
Underming obedience
Buffer removed
Teacher determines punishment
Bending to the requests of one perosn who has little or no authority
2 techniques
Foot-in-the-door effect

Door-in-the-face Technique
Foot-in-the-door Effect
A person who has agreed to a small request is more likely later to agree to a larger demand
Door-in-the-face Technique
A person who has refused a major request will be more likely later on to comply with a smaller request
Matching Hypothesis
Select others who "match" us
Similar levels of attractions with money and status
Mismatch? -physical might not match but similarites even it out
Do opposites Attract
Similar is important
Important Qualities
Mutual attraction
Dependable character, Reliable
Emotional Stability and maturity
Pleasing disposition
Sex Differences
Men prefer... youth, beauty

Women perfer... financial resources and social status
Sternberg's Theory of Love
Intimacy- feelings in a relationship that give bonding,closeness, and connection
Passion- physical attractiveness, sexual consumation
Commitment- committed to a relationship
7 kinds of Love
Liking - Intimacy
Infatuated - Passion
Empty - Commitment (arrange marraige)
Romantic - intamcy and passion
Fatuous - passion and commitment
Companionate - commitment and intimacy
Consummate - intamcy, commitment, passion