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11 Cards in this Set

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Red carotenoids contain lycopene which can be found in what foods:
pink grapefruit, pasta sauce, tomato products, watermelon
Orange carotenoids contain alpha and beta-carotene which are found most in:
carrots, pumpkin, squash (acorn or winter), sweet potato
Orange/Yellow carotenoids contain beta-cryptothanzin which are best consumed in:
orange, pineapple
Yello/Green carotenoids contain lutein and zeaxanthin which are best consumed in:
yellow corn, broccoli, mustard greens, romaine lettuce, spinach, turnip greens
The pink color in sea food like salmon is caused by a carotenoid called:
astaxanthin
In general, are supplements recommended for carotenoids?
No, use foods, the supplements cannot come close to the complexity of foods.
RDA for Retinal Activity Equivalents:
female: 700 RAEs
male: 900 RAEs

1 mcg retinal=1 RAE
12 mcg beta-carotene=1 RAE
Food sources of retinyl esters and various carotenoids are usually complex with protein that must be hydrolyzed by what?
pepsin and certain upper small intestine exzymes before the vitamin or carotenoid can be absorbed
How are carotenoids absorbed?
via the chylomicron
Where is vitamin A stored?
The liver stores vitamin A in stellate cells.
Functions for Carotenoids and Vitamin A include:
1. vision (as retinal)
2. Cell differentiation (retinoic acid)
3. Immunity
4. Protein synthesis
5. Glycoprotein synthesis for Cell Communication