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37 Cards in this Set

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visual images that envoke strong emotions
Mary Whiton Calkins
1st dream reasercher, Freud used her works, her work shows the transition from philisophical to emperical reaserch, recorded her own dreams for 55 nights, came up with four conclusions
We dream every night
state-dependent memory- tendency to remember things when you are in teh same state as when they happen. We forget dreams becuase we are not in the same state when they happen.
We have about four dreams a night
betweem four and five REM cycles a night- Calkins knew nothing about REM
As the night progesses we are more likely to be dreaming
most dreams occur during the second half of the night, REM periods increase
most dreams are mundane and refer to recent life events
we only recall the most dramatic ones
dreams can incorporate external stimuli
things around you such as ur covers could effect ur dreams bc your brain is trying to make sense of it
real thinking
NREM sleep is marked by ordinary thinking
lucid dreaming
we can reason while we are dreaming and at times change the dreams
dreams can disguise their true meaning
romance dreams include disguised sexual material
Calvin Hall
analyzed thousands of dreams, most were from events of the preceeding day
comes from the latin word "to set into motion", a motivated state marked by physiological arousal, expressive behavior, adn cognitive experiance
sympathetic nervous system
relies on norepinephrine to regualte organs
relies on acetylcholine to regulate target organs
fight or flight
triggered not only by physical but also psychological threats
polygraph tests
invented by Cesare Lombroso, modern test by William Marston(wonder woman), usualy detects breathing patterns, heart rate, blood pressure, adn electrodermal activity
control questions
designed to provoke lyring about minor transgressions common to almost anyone
relevant questions
concerned with facts about the crime
issues with lie detection
people with a low reactivity exibit a smaller diffrence between their resonses, anxiety drugs or timed pain can help people pass
Guilty Knowladge Test
based on the board game clue, assumes that the person is guilty, more accuarte then the other test
promts us to react emotionally to different enviormenttal circumstances, enabling us to respond adaptivly in the future
Amydala damage
people are no longer able to recognize negative emotion
Frontal lobes
inhibit emotional responses produced by the amygdala
Right Hemisphere
more active than the left when we try to asses facial expressions
Left Hemisphere
regualating facial expressions of emotion
Richard Davidson
measured the degree of activity in each hemisphere during emotional arousal, leanded support to the theory that ability to tell bad emotions from good is inborn
damage to hemispheres
right- realeases the left from inhibition and it leads to laughing, elation and optimism. Opposite is true to the lefft
contrubute to emotional experiances by providing pain relief and envoking feelings of euphoria
the vocal features of speech, other then words themselves. Including pitch, rate, and loudness
gender diffrence and emotion
women are better at recognizing emotions from facial expressions, emerges early in infancy
Duchenne smile
the natural smile
believed that facial expressions evolved euase they promoted survival by communicating emotions and helping individuals distinguish friend or foe
imporatant factors in happiness
ones state of health and personality
Social Comparison theory
considers happiness to be the result of estimating that one's like circumstances are more favorable than those of others
Edward Diener
most famous reasercher in emotion found that none wealthy americans are happier then wealthy ones but this is not hte case in 39 other coutries he studied
facial feedback theory
holds that our facial expressions affect our emotional experiaces
vascualr theory
assumed thatchanges in facial expressions affects the volume of air flow though the nose which alters brain temp and influences emotion