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41 Cards in this Set

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The divisions of french society, since the middle ages, had whic of the following labels?
estates
How did the Relics of Feudalism affect French socia harmony?
Aristocratic privelages includng payment of fees or the use of village facilities. Peasants deeply resented these obligations
Bourgeoisie in the 18th century
townsdwellers, made up 2% of pop. in France, members of the middle class, made up of merchants, bankers, industrialists, lawyers, doctors and writers
What did Louis the XVI do in 1789 which helped start the revolution?
Called the Estates General into session, hoping they would raise new taxes
What place served as a venue for the Estates-General?
Versailles
Impassioned Delegates did what to the Tennis Court Oath?
Swore to reamin in session until the could adopt a constitution
What did the Assembly do with the demands of Olympe de Gouges?
Ignored them
What to nations went to war with revolutionary france in 1792?
Austria & Prussia
The Sans-culottes did what?
Prided themselves on being ordinary patriots without fine clothing, played an important part in the increasing radicalization of the revolution after 1792, and included small traders and better off artisans who were elites of their neighborhoods
What was the primary goal of the Congress of Vienna?
Undo the changes made by the French Revolution and Napoleon
Which nation industrialized first in the late 1780's?
Great Britian
What role did the potatoes play in the Industrial revolution?
Cheap, nutritious food for the lower classes, encouraging the purchase of manufactoring products
What is Capital?
Ready supply of money, used to invest in machine and factory buildings
Home produced good were called
Cottage or "domestic system" industries
What was James Watt most significant improvement in technology?
Steam Engines
What technologies benefited in the early 19th century?
Railroads, textile mills and steamships
In the middle of the 19th century, Industrial capitalism resulted chiefly in
Vastly increased and prosperous urban middle classes
AD astronomer Ptolemy postulated...
geocentric model of solar system
Nicholas Copernicus
Heliocentric
Andreas Vesalius
Made manu anatomical discoveries while dissecting human cadavers at the University of Padua
Who discovered a comet in the late 17th century?
Maria Winkelmann
I think, therefore I am was attributed to...
Rene Descartes
John Locke argued what kind of human psychology?
Tabula Rasa or "empty slate" in which humans are entirely molded by personal experience
What kind of govt. did Montesquiei believe in?
Seperation of Powers
Voltaire
championed Deism, a belief in a "mechanical" God
Denis Diderot
compiled The Encyclopedia, helping to spread Enlightenment ideas
Adam Smith
argued for a "laissez-faire" economy
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
argued for a society governed by "the general will"
Mary Wollstonecraft
argued in favor of women's rights
Which two factions struggled with one another to gain control over the revolution in 1793?
Girondins and Jacobins
What attribute did the Committee of Public Safety have?
Provisional Executive panel empowered by the national convention to wield broad powers
What city were victims of the Revolution executed by being sunk in the loire river in barges?
Nantes
Austrian Netherlands
Armies of Revolutionary Frances conquered this territory in 1794
In 1799 Napoleon Bonaparte toppled the Directory using what?
A coup d etat
Corsica
Birthplace of Napolean Bonaparte
Civil Code
maintained the principle of equality under the law
Duke of Wellington
Victor at Waterloo
Anna Louise de Stael
prominent writer, outspoken critic of Napoleon's rule
Moscow
Napoleon abandoned this place and began a "great retreat"
Consulate
republic, Napoleon wielded absolute power
Waterloo
Final defeat for Napoleon