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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what are the typical cervical vertebrae?
C3-C6
what are 2 special characteristics of cervical vertebrae?
bifid spinous process
transverse foramen
what goes through the transverse foramen?
vertebral artery
what are the atypical spinous processes?
C1,2,7
C1 is called the ...
atlas
atlas:
-articulates with ...
-no ... (embryologically, it became the dens (odontoid process) of C2)
-no ...
occipital bone
body
spinous process
C2 is called the ...
axis
axis:
-articulation with C1 = ... joint
pivot
C7:
-known as ... (bump on neck)
-... spinous process, not ...
-small transverse foramen: ... does not pass through
vertebra prominens
long
bifid
vertebral artery
the superficial fascia of the neck contains ... nn. and veins
cutaneous
deep fascia:
-investing or covering ... m. and ... m. (innervated by ... n.)
-pretracheal (encloses "visceral" compartment) and covers ... mm., and what 3 other structures?
-prevertebral (encloses "vertebral" compartment) and covers vertebral column, deep mm. around vertebral column, and blends with ... laterally
*what blends with the other 3?
-sternocleidomastoid
-trapezius
-CN 11 - accessory n.
-infrahyoid
-thyroid, trachea, esophagus
-axillary sheath
-carotid sheath
the prevertebral layer of fascia of neck also contains the ... space:
-(real or potential) space only
-permits ... of pharynx, esophagus, larynx, and trachea during swallowing
-spread of ... in the neck
retropharyngeal
potential
movement
infections
Infection in the retropharyngeal space may spread ... into the superior ...
inferiorly
mediastinum
the retropharyngeal space is located between ...
pretracheal and prevertebral layers of fascia
platysma is a muscle of ...

it's innervated by ...
facial expression

CN 7 - facial
sternocleidomastoid m. divides neck area into ...
anterior triangle and posterior triangle
what action does the trapezius do?
shrugs shoulders
the 4 borders of the anterior and posterior triangle (or technically rectangle together) are ...
trapezius, clavicle, midline of neck, and mandible
vertebral artery:
-origin is ...
-travels thru ... of ...
-enters the skull at the ... and then joins the ... artery
subclavian a.
transverse foramina
C1-C6
foramen magnum
basilar
common carotid a.:
-right origin is .... which makes up the ... artery and ... artery
-left origin is ...
brachiocephalic trunk
subclavian
common carotid
aortic arch
internal carotid a.:
-no branches in ...; all in ...
-... canal into skull
neck
skull
carotid
external carotid a.:
-all branches ... of skull
-there are 3 minor ... branches

-the 3 anterior branches are...
outside of
posterior

superior thyroid a.
lingual a.
facial a.
superior thyroid a. supplies the ... and ...
lingual a. supplies the ...
facial a. supplies the ...
larynx and thyroid
tongue
face
the 2 terminal branches of the external carotid a. are ...
superifical temporal a.
maxillary a.
the maxillary artery is contained in the ... fossa and the 3 important branches are ... which goes through foramen spinosum, ..., and ... (an example would be the deep temporal a. going to the ... muscle)
infratemporal
middle meningeal
inferior alveolar
muscular
temporalis
the infratemporal fossa is ... to the mandible and below the ...
deep
zygomatic arch
is the masseter in the infratemporal fossa?
NO
the facial vein is always ... to the artery and is very straight
posterior
retromandibular v.:
-anterior division + ... vein --> ... vein --> deep in ... --> ... vein (R and L)

-posterior division + ... vein --> ... vein --> superficial --> ... vein
facial
internal jugular
carotid sheath
brachiocephalic

posterior auricular
external jugular
subclavian
what could be a sign of congestive heart failure or other illnesses of this nature?
when you can see the external jugular vein really prominently through the skin
what are the 4 sensory nerves to the neck?
lesser occipital
greater auricular
transverse cervical
supraclavicular
what is the main motor nerve of the neck and what 2 muscles does it innervate?

does it run superficially or deep?
CN 11 - accessory
trapezius
sternocleidomastoid

superficially