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42 Cards in this Set

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ideally, patient should not have had alcohol, tobacco, caffeine, or performed any vigorous physical activity within # mins of the exam
30
what is a sphygmomanometer?
blood pressure cuff
stethoscope:
which side picks up lower frequency sounds?

higher frequency sounds?
bell

diaphragm
what is normal oral temperature?
98.6 degrees F
37 degrees C
what is normal axillary temperature?
97.6 degrees F
36.4 degrees C
what is normal rectal or "core" temperature?
99.6 degrees F
37.6 degrees C
what is normal aural (the ear) temperature?
99.6 degrees F
37.6 degrees C
how do you take a respiratory rate?
count breaths for 15 seconds and multiply by 4
in adults, normal resting respirations is #-# breaths per minute
14-20
rapid respiration is called ...
tachypnea
if the radial pulse is found, it indicates that their blood pressure is at least # BPM
90
to take a pulse, you grab the patients right hand with your ... hand, and vice versa
right
how would you describe this pulse?

evenly spaced beats, may vary slightly with respiration
regular
how would you describe this pulse?

regular pattern overall with "skipped" beats
regularly, irregular
how would you describe this pulse?

chaotic, no real pattern, very difficult to measure accurately
irregularly irregular
how would you take a pulse?
compress radial artery with index and middle fingers, count pulse for 15 seconds (if normal), and multiply by 4
pulse:
if it is irregular, count...

record rate and rhythm
for a full minute
a normal adult heart rate is between # and #
60-100
a pulse greater than 100 BPM is defined as ...
tachycardia
a pulse less than 60 BPM is defined as ...
bradycardia
atheletes tend to be ... at rest (superior conditioning)
bradycardic
for blood pressure, position patient's arm so the ... is level with the heart
antecubital fold
blood pressure:

if you are in a situation where you can't hear, ... and inflate cuff until pulse disappears. This is a rough estimate of the actual systolic pressure which is approximately # mmHg higher
palpate radial pulse
10
systolic blood pressures below # mmHG may be a sign of serious illness or shock
80
blood pressure:

<120 mmHg/<80 mmHg is in what category?
normal
120-139 mmHg/80-89 mmHg is in what category?
prehypertension
140-159 mmHg/90-99 mmHg is in what category?
Hypertension stage I
greater than or equal to
160 mmHg/100 mmHg is in what category?
hypertension stage II
visual acuity examination by standard snellen chart is done at # feet or # inches by a hand held card
20
14
what instrument do you use for an ear exam?
otoscope
what instrument do you use to look into the nostril?
otoscope
use otoscope with ... to examine mouth/throat
speculum removed
chest examination:
pleural effusion or lobar pneumonia should sound ... or ...
flat or dull
chest examination:
healthy lung or bronchitis should sound ...
normal
chest examination:
emphysema or pneumothorax should sound ...
hyperresonant
what instrument do you use for an abdominal examination?
stethoscope
what are these?
-mental status
-cranial nerves
-motor
-coordination and gait
-reflexes
-sensory
-special tests
the 7 categories of the neurological exam
the mini mental status exam is an 11 question test that measures what 5 areas of cognitive function?
orientation
registration
attention and calculation
recall
language
babinski's sign relates to what response?
plantar
graphesthesia relates to ...
drawing
stereognosis relates to ...
familiar object
2 point discrimination is used for quantitative data for progression of a ... lesion
cortical