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61 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Some Homo erectus finds have been dated to:
1.8 Million years and the dates are controversial
____________ climate changes are believed to be partially responsible for the rapid thrust of human biological and cultural evolution.
Ice Age
Like their predecessors, a major element in Homo ergaster adaptation to environmental change was:
Mobility
The earliest known wooden throwing spears, found in Schoningen, Germany, date to ___________ years ago.
400,000
As opportunistic foragers, _______________ probably radiated out of Africa because they followed other mammals.
Homo ergaster
Hunting and killing large herbivores would have required group cooperation and communication among Homo erectus. Evidence for this may exist at:
Torralba
The lifestyle of the Homo erectus:
A.) Utilized a variety of subsistence strategies
B.) Opportunistically adapted
C.) Mobile and migratory
Bamboo artifacts are ideal for people living off of:
Monkeys, rats, lizards and snakes
Homo erectus specimens from Africa, Asia, and Europe all share primitive features such as heavy brow ridges and:
Bun-shaped skull caps
Fossil skulls from each continent vary considerably, yet increase in cranial size, brain size, and round shape. The variations, however, point towards a European evolution into:
Homo sapiens Neanderthals
How long ago did the Neanderthals disappear from the archaeological record?
30,000 years ago
Neanderthal populations possessed advanced cognitive skills that included ecological knowledge of local environments, observations of migration seasons and sequences, animal movements, and herd sizes. This allowed them to:
Store food and maximize meat resources
Many believe that modern humans differ from Neanderthals by virtue of their:
Fluent and articulate speech
Evidence of an increasingly complex cultural system includes a belief in an afterworld. The first human populations to leave archaeological evidence of this trait are:
Neanderthals
Archaeological evidence from Herto supports the appearance of modern humans no later than ___________ years ago.
160,000
Carbon 14 dating enabled archaeologists to begin comparing prehistoric societies and marked the onset of consistent comparative analysis; another significant milestone in the study of human kind is:
Mitochondrial DNA analysis
The hypothesis that assumes population movement came from a single point of origin:
Out of Africa
The candelabra model of human evolution posits:
A multiregional origin for Homo sapiens
According to Gunter Brauer, there are at least ________ species of Homo sapiens in sub-Saharan Africa:
3
This chapter in our Prehistoric past has been:
In need of a larger data base
Like other hominins, Homo erectus was confined to Africa:
False
Homo erectus lacked a well-developed Broca’s area, the part of the brain associated with language ability:
False
Homo ergaster migrated out of Africa, as did other mammals, who shared his ecological community:
True
The archaeological evidence suggests that Homo erectus evolved towards modern forms of humans between 600,000 and 130,000 years ago:
True
Bamboo was rarely used as a tool-making material because of its brittle nature:
False
Neanderthals never developed specialized tools, instead relying on multipurpose tools:
False
A composite tool is an artifact made up of more than one part:
True
The first signs of religious beliefs are found in Neanderthal burials:
True
Analysis of large databases of DNA suggests a primary split between Africans and non-Africans followed by a later split between Eurasians and Southeast Asians:
True
The primary evidence for the Out-Of-Africa hypothesis is mitochondrial DNA:
True
Cro-Magnon art is limited to cave painting near Altimira, France, and in Spain:
False
Some archaeologists believe that the archaeologists the cultural “explosion” about 50,000 years ago resulted from the evolution of cognitive fluidity.
True
Full cognitive fluidity results from forming connections between the mental domains of environmental, technical, and social intelligence:
True
The last Ice Age glacial period reached its greatest extent about 250,000 years ago:
False
The people who colonized Sahul had to make an open-water passage of 62 miles, and they did so by c. 40,000 years ago:
True
Families living in caves on New Guinea were using fish as a major resource before 35,000 years ago:
True
The Asian and Australian populations during the Ice Age were less diverse creative in their environmental adaptation than late Ice Age Europeans:
False
Ironically, the people who settled Madagascar came from Malaysia:
True
The symbolic interpretation of Ice Age art is easily revealed through analysis of artifact forms:
False
The base camp at Mezhirich (Eurasia) contained amber from Kiev and shell from the Black Sea, artifact evidence of a wide-ranging trade network:
True
Siberia was settled by the slow, northeasterly movement of big game hunters from the East European plain:
False
There is reliable evidence that northeastern Asia was settled by modern humans as early as 40,000 years ago:
False
The crowns and roots of human teeth are useful indicators of the degree to which prehistoric populations were related:
True
During the Ice Age, much of the Bering Sea was dry land:
True
The case of the settlement of the Americans 30,000 or more years before the present, rests on a handful of sites, most of them in South America:
True
A Clovis point is a fine, fluted point or flint or other fine grained rock:
True
The areas of the globe most recently settled by modern humans were:
Tahiti, Hawaii, and Madagascar
People possessed the knowledge and technology to traverse deep water before they:
Learned to plant crops
Learned to domesticate animals
Learned to create pots from clay
Anatomically modern humans first lived on New Guinea no later than __________ years ago:
40,000
Studies of dental morphology indicate Native Americans are:
Sinodonts
Tundra hunters lived:
In small, flexible bands
Most American archaeologists believe that Americans were peopled no earlier than __________ years ago:
15,000
The Monte Verde site in Northern Chile provides reliable evidence of settlement dated to about __________ years ago:
12,000
Precursors of the Clovis people appeared _________ years ago at Hidden Mammoth:
11,800
Artifacts analyzed according to form have helped distinguished differences in:
Tool traditions
The Cro-Magnons entered Europe during:
A temperate climate
Paleolithic cave art usually depicts:
Animals
Shamans possess __________ and are often perceived as being able to communicate with ancestors, animals, and a variety of gods and spirits.
Extraordinary spiritual powers
People commonly call the early modern humans living in Europe:
Cro-Magnons
The D’uktai people lived in:
Siberia
The earliest Paleo-Indians are known as the ____________ people:
Clovis