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12 Cards in this Set

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Body parts that resemble one another in different species and have not evolved from a common ancestor
Analogous Structures
Share a similar ancestry but serve different functions
Homologous Structures
The process in which random mutations are selected for survival by the environment
Natural Selection
Theory that organs of the body use to cope w/environment become larger/stronger while organs not used deteriorate
Principle of use and disuse - Lamarckian's Theory of Evolution
Inheritance of acquired characteristics (long neck giraff) is associated with which theory of evolution
Lamarckian's Theory of Evolution
Genetic Drift is associated with which theory of evolution
Darwin's Theory of Evolution
A form of genetic drift in which a small subset of a population becomes genetically isolated from orig. population
Founder Effect - Darwin's Theory of Evolution
Analogous similarities (indep. Devel. of similar struct in diff. species due to similar ecological roles and selection pressures
Convergent Evolution
The process by which mutations are "tried out" in the environ and if they're accepted, they'll be passed onto the next generation
Natural Selection
Which Theory of Evolution involves concepts of Survial of Fittest, Adaptations and Natural Selec.
Darwin's Theory of Evolution
Which type of Evolution involves the process of two or more related species becoming more and more dissimilar
Divergent Evolution
Organisms or structures that serve no useful function are referred to as what (ex: appendix)
Vestigial Structures
None