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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
fall of constantinople
1453
martin luther
95 theses -1517
against indulgences
german peasants revolt
1525 (during the protistant reformation)
st. bartholemew's day massacre
1572, 100,000 french catholics killed.
edict of nantes
1598 (religous tolerance)
30 years war
1618-1648, religous war that kills 1/3 of europe. has 4 stages: bohemian, danish, sweedish, sweedish/french.
treaty of westphalia
end of 30 years war -1648
council of trent
1545-1563 (gets rid of protistant revolters)
henry VIII (8) tudor
6 wives:
catherine of aragon. . .mary I
anne boleyn . . .elizabeth
jane seymour . . .edward VI
anne of cleves
catherine howard
catherine parr
scientific revolution
15-1600's
newton
(1642-1727)
invents calculus and the laws of motion. writes "principia." believes that religon and science are one.
galileo
(1564-1642)
invents physics and teaches heliocentricism
tycho brahe
teaches that the sun revolves around the earth and everything else revolves around the sun.
margaret lucas cavendish
(1623-1673)
woman involved in the scientific revolution.
john locke
(1632-1704)
teaches that the human mind is a "clean slate" (tabula rasa). "life, liberty, and property."
copernicus
(1473-1543)
developed the idea of heliocentricism.
descartes
(1596-1650)
"i think therefore i am."
mathmatician.
thomas hobbes
absolutist. lives by "the social contract"
kepler
telescope
cervantes
writes "don quixote"
milton
writed "paradise lost"
bunyan
writes "pilgrim's progress"
james I
(1603-1625)
next king after elizabeth. king james bible. never calls the parliament to meet.
charles I
(1625-1642)
never calls parliament till 1640
oliver cromwell
(1642-1660)
puritan republic
lord protector
"good" dictator
kings in HRE after elizabeth
james I (1603-1625)
charles I (1625-1642)
oliver cromwell (1642-1660)
charles II (1660-1685)
james II (1685-1688)
william and mary of orange
(1688-1702)
glorious revolution
bill of rights
1689
good for the parliament
henry IV
(1589-1610)
france
"paris is worth a mass"(politique)
edict of nantes
duke of sully
louis XIII (13)
(1610-1643)
politique
cardinal richelieu
louis XIV
(1643-1715)
the sun king
cardinal mazarin
versilles/intendants
"i am the state"
colbert
mercantilism
1)collect gold & silver
2)favorable balance of trade
3)colonies for benifit of mother country
louis IX wars
1)war of devolution
.treaty of dover
2)dutch war
3)9 years war/league of augsburg
4)war of spanish succesion
.england wins
louis IX
.best army in europe
.going bankrupt
.cultural center of europe
.public enemy #1
.not prepared fo future
great northern war
1701-1720
leopold I
(1657-1705)
.enemy of louis IX
.saved vienna (1683)
.conquers hungary
the zollverein
german economic organization
.free trade
"the origin of species"
charles darwin
peace of augsburg
1555 ended war between france and HRE. "who's region, his religon."
european social classes
.royalty
.nobility
.bourgzuisie
.proletariat(working class)
.peasants
.serfs
italian social classes
.grandi (nobility)
.popolo grosso
.bourgeoisie
.popolo minuto
boccacio
wrote "the decameron"
castiglione
wrote "the book of the courtier"
(how to: be the perfect renaisance man)
pico della mirandola
"dignity of man"
.900 theses
.says that god is not GOD
petrarch
father of humanism
machiavelli
wrote "the prince"
(how to: be the perfect dictator)
."the ends justify the means"
."better to be feared than loved"
christine de pisan
wrote "the city of the ladies"
(how to: be a perfect wife)
printing press
1454
thomas moore
wrote "utopia"
erasmus wrote . . .
"adages" & translated the new testimant into german
renaisance artists
(T.M.N.T.)
.DONNY donatelo (only sculptor)
.MIKE michal angelo
.LEO leonardo
.RAPHE raphael
ferdinand & isabella
1469
(united spain)
treaty of tordesillas
1494
charles VI
(1711-1740)HRE
pragmatic sanction
.states that his daughter, maria theresa, can inheret the throne.
.all rulers in europe sign
european nobility
.Grandi (italy)
.boyars (russia)
.magyars (HRE/austria/hungary)
.junkers (prussia)
the concordat of 1801
creates a political alliance with the pope. unifies france around catholic church.
romanticism (19th century)
belief that humans are linked with the spiriual forces in the world.
napoleon's milan decrees
states that no ships can stop in england.
john calvin
belived in predestination
diet of worms
1521
prince of the humanists
erasmus
end of the wars of Louis XIV
peace of utrecht -1713
home of the renaisance
florence
the defenestration of prague
1618- started 30 years war
orders in council -1806
states that all ships must stop in englad ports first.
in response to the milan decrees.