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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Idealism
Assuming the existnaces of supernatural and divine forces. Explain themselves through religion
materialism
there is nothing beyond natural things. Explain things through science.
metaphysics
things are unchanging. since they don't change, they can be studied independently from each other.
dialectics
a system of arguing that brings out the contradictions in your opponent's reasoning -- it is also NOT metaphysical.
evolution of human development
started with despotism in which only one person, the ruler, was free; then was the Graeco-Roman aristocratic system in which more were free; then slavery and serfdom were eliminated and more were free; after the French Revolution, and the Prussian State, humanity reaches absolute liberty, according to Hegel. Marx did not agree.
dialectical materialism
Hegel's dialectics and Feuerbach's materialism: arguing that material life and situations are evolving and changing.
how work alienates the worker
the worker does work, but doesn't get all the profit from it-- he is exploited
how have the bourgeoisie changed the world?
they have oppressed the proletariat. they created a philosophy which made the workers not even being oppressed. History of human beings is the history of class struggle and the bourgeoisie have become the winners in the struggle of history
mechanistic
the laws of science are unchanging
how have the proletariat become slaves of the bourgeoisie
they work hard for nothing and they don't own the means of production so they don't own their lives
why is the proletariat a revolutionary class?
because the only way for them to get freedom is to fight for it.
Idealism
Assuming the existnaces of supernatural and divine forces. Explain themselves through religion
materialism
there is nothing beyond natural things. Explain things through science.
metaphysics
things are unchanging. since they don't change, they can be studied independently from each other.
dialectics
a system of arguing that brings out the contradictions in your opponent's reasoning -- it is also NOT metaphysical.
evolution of human development
started with despotism in which only one person, the ruler, was free; then was the Graeco-Roman aristocratic system in which more were free; then slavery and serfdom were eliminated and more were free; after the French Revolution, and the Prussian State, humanity reaches absolute liberty, according to Hegel. Marx did not agree.
dialectical materialism
Hegel's dialectics and Feuerbach's materialism: arguing that material life and situations are evolving and changing.
how work alienates the worker
the worker does work, but doesn't get all the profit from it-- he is exploited
how have the bourgeoisie changed the world?
they have oppressed the proletariat. they created a philosophy which made the workers not even being oppressed. History of human beings is the history of class struggle and the bourgeoisie have become the winners in the struggle of history
mechanistic
the laws of science are unchanging
how have the proletariat become slaves of the bourgeoisie
they work hard for nothing and they don't own the means of production so they don't own their lives
why is the proletariat a revolutionary class?
because the only way for them to get freedom is to fight for it.