Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/30

Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How did the enclosure movement affect people?
It forced small farmers off their land because they couldn't compete with the big landowners who now controlled the property. Many were forced to move to the city to find work.
What new source of energy helped trigger the Industrial Revolution?
Steam power, aided by coal and developments in iron technology
List three reasons why the Industrial Revolution began in Britain.
1) Lots of resources
2) Cutting edge of technology
3) Lots of capital from their overseas empire
4) Stable government
Why did large numbers of people migrate to the cities?
It was the only place jobs were available anymore.
List the government reforms sought by John Stuart Mill.
He wanted the govt to step in and make improvements in working conditions. he also sought voting rights for workers and women.
Name the invention or idea of this man:

Jethro Tull
Seed drill
Name the invention or idea of this man:

David Ricardo
Iron Law of Wages ("higher wages = more kids, more kids = lower wages)
Name the invention or idea of this man:

Richard Arkwright
waterframe
Name the invention or idea of this man:

John Wesley
Methodism
Name the invention or idea of this man:

Robert Owen
model village showing work reforms
Name the invention or idea of this man:

Adam Smith
free market would drive down prices
Name the invention or idea of this man:

Thomas Newcomen
Steam engine
Name the invention or idea of this man:

Karl Marx
Communism
Name the invention or idea of this man:

Jeremy Bentham
Utilitarianism (govt should do the greatest good for the greatest number of people)
Name the invention or idea of this man:

George Stephenson
Steam locomotive
Describe how the Industrial Revolution affected 1) the size of the population, 2) cities, 3) working and living conditions, and 4) women and children.
1) population exploded, 2) cities grew up overnight, 3) working and living conditions were crummy, and 4) women and children were basically slaves to the machines in the factories under cruel masters.
How did thinkers in the 1800s disagree about the role of govt in helping the poor?
Some such as Thomas Malthus and David Ricardo thought there was nothing to be done. Others such as John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham (and possibly John Wesley) thought the govt should step in to help the poor.
Define this word:

anesthetic
a drug used to prevent pain during surgery
Define this word:

smelt
to separate iron from its ore
Define this word:

capital
money used to invest in a business
Define this word:

factory
a building in which lots of workers used machines to produce goods in mass quantities
Define this word:

Urbanization
the movement of people to cities
Define this word:

labor union
an organization dedicated to bringing about reforms in wages, hours and working conditions
Define this word:

utilitarianism
the govt should try to make the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people
Give 3 examples of how transportation improved during the Industrial Revolution.
1. Steam locomotive 2. Steamboat 3. better roads and canals
Explain how economic prosperity brought demand for goods.
goods were more affordable, so more people were willing to buy them
List 3 causes of population explosion.
Overall, less people died because 1. better agriculture = less famine 2. better food = stronger women = healthier babies 3. better hygiene = fewer diseases
Compare the factory worker during the Industrial Revolution to the farm worker before?
- farm workers had a schedule set to change with the seasons, but factory workers had to keep the same schedule all the time - farm work allowed the woman to have more time to care for children - farm work had less dangerous conditions without the machines and polluted air
Wwhat problems did factory work create for women?
they were working 12 hours so they had little time to feed and care for their kids and keep their houses clean
Describe Marx's view of history and how later events challenged his view.
all of history is a struggle between the "haves" and the "have-nots." later people realized that working reform eliminated many of his problems and nationalism was more important than communism