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15 Cards in this Set

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What belief makes communism different from socialism in general?

a) absolute monarchy is evil
b) laissez-faire economics is the only to improve society
c) class struggle between employers and employees is unavoidable
d) God is dead
c) class struggle between employers and employees is unavoidable
What was the general principle behind laissez-faire economics?

a) the govt keeps strict control of the economy
b) the govt doesn't interfere with the economy
c) the govt is strict with the economy in some places, and lenient in others
d) collies named Lassie should run the economy like a carnival
b) the govt doesn't interfere with the economy
What did David Ricardo mean by "the iron law of wages"?

a) the govt should keep strict control over all wages
b) the more iron is smelted, the more wages increase
c) high wages mean more childres, but more children means lower future wages
d) more people were being born than food being grown to feed them
c) high wages mean more childres, but more children means lower future wages
Who wrote The Communist Manifesto?

a) Karl Marx and Frederick Engels
b) Thomas Malthus and Adam Smith
c) Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin
d) Robert Owen and Jeremy Bentham
a) Karl Marx and Frederick Engels
Which of these philosophies did Adam Smith believe?

a) the goal of society should be the greatest happiness for the greatest number of its citizens
b) the entire course of history is a struggle between classes
c) when there is no difference between rich and poor people, fighting will disappear
d) the free market will produce more goods at lower prices, making them more affordable
d) the free market will produce more goods at lower prices, making them more affordable
What is the definition of "means of production"?

a) the movement of people to cities
b) all of the business that produce and distribute goods
c) the cruel way factory owners treated children
d) the lowest of the low working-class people
b) all of the business that produce and distribute goods
What is another name for a person in the working class?

a) prolegomenon
a) prognathous
c) prognosticate
d) proletariat
d) proletariat

Just for kicks:
prolegomenon - preliminary remarks before a book
prognathous - having jaws that jut forward
prognosticate - to tell the future
What was Robert Owen's famous experiment with labor to improve character in workers?

a) he created a model of ways to make bigger factories
b) he created a model village where he treated workers very well
c) he thought up a way to re-grow fingers that were chopped off by machines
d) he called the workers "haves" instead of "have-nots"
b) he created a model village where he treated workers very well
What was Karl Marx's rallying cry to working people?

a) "Working men of all countries, unite!"
b) "A spectre is haunting Europe, the spectre of communism."
c) "Every man will seek the good of all."
d) "The goal of society should be the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people!"
a) "Working men of all countries, unite!"
How did Thomas Malthus believe people could overcome the population boom?

a) eat less
b) reform working conditions
c) embrace communism
d) there is no solution
d) there is no solution
What were the names of people who thought that if there was no difference between rich and poor, fighting would end?

a) Utilitarians
b) Utopians
c) Unionizers
d) Eunuchs
b) Utopians
Describe the views of thinker Thomas Malthus.
people are having babies faster than they are growing food, so eventually there won't be enough food and there's nothing we can do about it
How might the rise of Methodism and workplace reforms alter Marxist predictions?
people are content where they are, and they don't feel they need to have a revolution. better conditions means they don't need to revolt to get better conditions
Contrast the approaches of utilitarians and socialists to solving economic problems.
utilitarians - thought individual freedom would lead to people's happiness socialists - thought focusing on the good of society, not individual freedom, would lead to happiness
How did John Stuart Mill think the problems with society should be solved?
He wanted the govt to step in to help the poor. He thought letting people go without regulations in the free market would hurt the weaker people. He also advocated giving the vote to women and workers.