Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who invented the steam engine?

a) Abraham Darby
b) James Watt
c) Thomas Newcomen
d) Robert Fulton
c) Thomas Newcomen

Watt improved on it years later, and Fulton used it to power a boat
How did enclosure of farms lead to higher profit and output?

a) The farmers were able to rotate crops better
b) The peasants worker harder for rich landowners
c) Villages shrank because everyone moved to work on the land
d) Large fields needed fewer workers, so the landowners didn't use as much money in wages
d) Large fields needed fewer workers, so the landowners didn't use as much money in wages
How was the Industrial Revolution unlike other revolutions?

a) It was slow and gradual
b) It involved many different people from many different nations
c) No king's head was chopped off
d) All of the above
d) all of the above
What material was important for the construction of machines and steam engines?

a) Steam
b) Iron
c) Coal
d) Anesthetic
b) Iron

Coal is also important for producing iron, but Iron is the directly important material.
What was the main cause of the population explosion?

a) antiseptics to stop infections in childbirth
b) declining death rates
c) building tenement apartments
d) labor unions
b) declining death rates
What happens when iron is smelted?

a) it's sniffed by a group of trained experts
b) it's made into a steam engine
c) it's rotated like crops
d) it's separated from its ore
d) it's separated from its ore
How did Jethro Tull's seed drill help farmers?

a) it didn't waste seeds
b) it rotated crops for them
c) it worked faster than farmers could work alone
d) it scattered more seeds over more area
a) it didn't waste seeds.

Choice d) is the opposite; this is what farmers were trying to prevent.
What is an anesthetic?

a) a drug that prevents infection during childbirth
b) multistory buildings with many apartments
c) a drug that prevents pain during surgery
d) drugs that helped relieve pain from machines in factories
c) a drug that prevents pain during surgery
What were some scientific breakthroughs that happened in the mid-1800s?
The first anesthetic, the first sewing machine, the speed of light measured, improvements in childbirth process
What was the effect of enclosure on peasant farmers?
Many farmers were thrown out of work, and small farmers were forced off the land because they couldn't compete with big landowners. Lots of them moved to the city to find new work, which caused villages in the country to almost disappear, and caused cities to overflow with people.
What were some important farming inventions the British made in the 1700s?
Mixing soils, crop rotations, growing turnips to replenish exhausted soil, the seed drill
How did the death rates begin to decline in the 1700s?
Better agriculture led to fewer famines; women ate better and so they were healthier and had stronger babies; people cleaned themselves better; medical care and sanitation improved, which led to fewer diseases
What were some long-term effects of the Industrial Revolution?
- people bought clothes and food from stores
- homes were combined into apartment buildings
- people could travel to faraway places faster
- messages sent by telegraph let them communicate faster and better