Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Voltaire's humorous novel about a character who travels across the world looking for the perfect society

My idea of a perfect society is one full of "Candide" apples!
Hapsburg emperor who continued reforms in Austria and was called "peasant emperor" because he traveled in disguise among his subjects
Joseph II
German composer who wrote music for organ and choir
Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann wrote music "Bach" in the day!
German composer who wrote the Messiah
George Frederick Handel

He "steered" the Messiah into being a famous work; people couldn't "Handel" how good it was!
Composer who changed European music, died in poverty at 35
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Mozart wrote the "most art"!
English novelist who wrote Robinson Crusoe
Daniel Defoe

In Robinson Crusoe, "De-foe" was "de" desert island!
Restricting access to ideas and information
Informal gatherings where artists exchanged ideas

Salons = where all the gossip is exchanged
Absolute monarch who used power to make social changes
Enlightened despot
Grand artistic style from the 1600s and 1700s

If it ain't Baroque, don't fix it!
A style of art that was personal and charming

Ro-"cocoa" is simple and charming!
Explain how censorship and salons affected the spread of new ideas.
Censorship caused writers to disguise their ideas in works of fiction. Salons brought thinkers together, and allowed them to discuss and come up with ideas together.
What were the goals of enlightened despots?
To use their absolute power for the social good by creating reforms.
How did the Enlightenment affect arts and literature, and the lives of the majority?
The Enlightenment brought about ordered, structured forms in music and prose. For the lives of the majority, nothing changed. Peasants' rights and culture changed very slowly.
What did Frederick II mean when he said, "In my kingdom, everyone can go to heaven in his own fashion?" How did his actions reflect that idea?
He meant that he respected and tolerated many different religious beliefs. He showed this by allowing refugees from religious persecution into Prussia.
How did the Enlightenment bring together ideas of both the Renaissance and the Reformation?
The Enlightenment brought together the developments of reason and method of the Renaissance and the practice of making enormous social changes from the Reformation.