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17 Cards in this Set

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Lorenzo de' Medici
Known as, "The Magnificent". Medicis were very super rich. Lorenzo was the picture of a renaissance man: a clever politician who held Florence together in the late 1400's, and a generous suporter (patron) of the arts.
Francesco Petrarch
An old school librarian who collected books written in the ancient greek and roman eras. He then made libraries of these books so other people during the renaissance would read them. He also wrote love poems about a woman he only knew from a distance.
Leonardo Da Vinci
Inventor, painter, botanist, engineer, etc. A jack of all trades. Most famous for the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper, two paintings he made, but also known for dissecting corpses and checking out the bone and muscle structures of dead humans.
Michelangelo
Another multi-talented renaissance man. Known for his sculptures: the Pieta and David, his painting of the cistine chapel, and his design for the dome at St. Peters.
Raphael
A bit younger than Leonardo and Michelangelo, Raphael was a great painter known for painting nice pictures of mother mary.
Baldasare Castiglione
Wrote a handbook on how to be an ideal man or woman. Each should be well mannered, well educated, and know stuff about lots of different subjects.
Niccolo Machiavelli
Wrote "The Prince" about how rulers can gain and maintain power. Basically he says to do whatever you have to do (ruthless and unfair or not) to achieve your goals. He did not condone lying and said that it is better to be feared than loved.
Patron
Financial Supporter of the arts. Think Lorenzo de' Meidici or Pope Julius.
Humanism
A return to studying ideas from the anceint greek and roman (pre-middle ages) times. Humanism focused on things happening in the world versus things happening in the afterlife (all the monks and people who wrote books during the middle ages cared about was what happened in the afterlife and religious topics like this. The Humanists were more concerened with what was going on during ones lifetime. They liked the humanities; ideas, not dogma.
Humanities
Grammar, poetry, history, and philosophy from ancient greece and rome.
Perspective
Renaissance artists made scenes look three dimensional by learning the rules of perspective: paint things that are supposed to be far away smaller than things that are closer.
Conditions in Itlay that contributed to the Renaissance:
1) Location: The Reniassance took interest in Ancient Greek and Roman culture. Italy was the center of the Roman Empire
2) Strong Cities: Italy's cities survived the middle ages well. Stable economies set the stage for the Renaissance
3) People with lots of Money: Rich people influenced the renaissance by stressing education and individual achievement throughout the communities that they had influnce on. They also were big supporters of the arts.
Concerns and Attitudes emphasized during the Renaissance
1) Exploring the richness of life here and now.
2) Individual achievement
3) A spirit of adventure and experimentation
How did Renaissance art refelect humanist concerns?
1) Painters painted portriats of individuals (not only of religious figures as was done before the Renaissance) to stress individual acheivement.
2) Renaissance artists studied and revied greek and roman classical forms.
Why might rich and powerful people during the renaissance want to become patrons of the arts?
Because it was a means of making a name for yourself as a nice person who cared about culture and who was a well rounded individual. It made people think you were special!
What did Machiavelli mean by, "it is better to be feared than to be loved?"
He meant that as a leader you have less of a chance of getting killed if people are afraid that they will get killed if they kill you.
Do you think a political leader would be wise to follow Machiavelli's advice?
I think mostly they do, they all just do a really good job of covering it up.