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33 Cards in this Set

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Academy
philosophical school in Athens founded by Plato
Aeschylus, Sophocles
Greek tragic playwrights of the 5th century
Alexander the Great
son of Philip II, conquered the Persians, spread Greek culture
Antigonus
Alexander's general, ruled the Hellenistic Kingdom of Egypt
Aristarchus
Greek astronomer, thought the earth revovles around the sun
Aristophanes
Athenian comic playwright, only one known from the 400s BC.
Aristotle
Macedonian-born philosopher and writer, tutor of Alexander
Cambyses
Persian king, son of Cyrus, conquered Egypt for Persia
Cyrus the Great
founder of the Persian Empire, acquired vast territories in Asia
Darius I
King of Persia who ordered the Persian attack of Macedonia
Darius III
last king of Persia, defeated by Alexander, assassinated
Delian League
a defensice alliance led by Athens to guard against Persians
Demosthenes
greatest Athenian public speaker, warned about Philip II
Dionysus
Greek god of wine and immortality worshiped through drama
Epaminondas
general of Thebes, victor of Leuctra, killed at Mantinea
Ephialtes
Greek goat-herder who betrayed the Greeks at Thermoplyae
Eratosthenes
Greek mathematician who calculated the earth's circumference
Euclid
Greek mathematician at Alexandria, father of geometry
Euripides
Greek tragic playwright often called the ancient Shakespeare
hellenization
spread of Greek culture throughout the East by Macedonians
Herodotus
father of history, wrote a history of the Persian Wars
Ionian Revolt
Greek colonial rebellion in Anatolia against Persia, it failed
Koine
common form of Greek used by those conquered in the East
Leonidas
Spartan king, died with his 300 Spartans at Thermoplyae
Long Walls
30 foot high fortification from Athens to the Piraeus
Lyceum
school of philosophy founded in Athens by Aristotle
Mardonius
Persian general, failed at Mt. Athos, later killed at Plataea
Museum
first research institute, founded by Macedonians in Alexandria
Parthenon
temple to Athena built on Acropolis after the Persian Wars
Peloponnesian League
defensive alliance of Sparta and her neighbors against Athens
Peloponnesian War
long civil war between Sparta and Athens and their allies
Pericles
most influential statesman of Athens after the Persian Wars
Persian Wars
series of invasions in which Persia failed to conquer Greece