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44 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Louis XIV
absolutist king of France 1661 - 1715, took control of the military
Charles II of Spain
Last Spanish Habsburg ruler (couldn't have children), death led to question of the future of Spain an its possession
Balance of Power
the idea that if one nation becomes too powerful all others ally against it to preserve their independence
William III of Orange
Dutch stadholder, later became king of England
Baroque
an artistic style that played with lighting, colors (subtle and distinct), interior spaces, and the natural human shape
Arminius
leader if the less strict Dutch Calvinists
Bank of Amsterdam
converted the varying currencies into the stable gold florin, financial leader of Europe until French Revolution
Estates General
General legal body of the United Provinces (Dutch)
Treaty of Nimwegen
treaty in which Louis XIV agreed to leave the Dutch provinces
Puritain
extreme Calvinist
plantation of Ulster
Scottish Presbyterians move to N Ireland
Anglicans
followers of the church of England (protestant)
James I of England
Ruler after Elizabeth, believed in absolutism and the divine right of kings
divine right of kings
kings chosen to rule by god
Charles I of England
Ruler after James I (his father), believed in absolutism and the divine right of kings
ship-money
funds Charles I wanted to build a standing navy in England
Long Parliament
1640-1660 no new elections, sided with Scottish against Charles I
Solemn League and Covenant
England, Ireland, and Scotland all become Presbyterian
Roundheads and the New Modern Army
Parliamentary forces
Oliver Cromwell
commander in the New Model Army who took over England after Charles I was defeted
Pride's Purge
Colonel Pride reduced the Long Parliament into the Rump Parliament
Rump Parliament
The Long Parliament with all those opposed to Cromwell removed
Commonwealth
British Isles under Cromwell
Levellers
radical party
Quakers
society of friends
Instrument of Government
constitution after the abolishment of the rump that made Cromwell Lord Protector
Charles II
son of Charles I, ruled after Cromwell, favored Catholicism and Louis XIV
Dissenters
anti - Anglican Puritans
Act of settlement of 1662
decentralized poor law, made each parish responsible for their poor people
1670 secret treaty of Dover
Signed by Charles II, agreed to war against the Dutch when France does
James II
son of Charles I, ruled after his brother Charles II, pro-Catholic/Louis XIV
Whigs
political fraction against the king
Tories
political fraction for the king
Bill of Rights
no law could be suspended by the king, no taxes or armies could be raised w/o parliamentary consent, and due process of the law
pretenders
James II and his decedents
1689 toleration act
allowed dissenters to practice religion
United Kingdom of Great Britain
England + Scotland
Bank of England and the British national debt
created when the British first use their financial might against the French
Glorious Revolution
James II booted and William III of Orange made king
salons
cultural centers in France
The Fronde
failed noble rebellion that made the middle class support a strong king
Absolutism
could be influenced by others, but the king was not legally bound to anyone
Colbert
minister, revolutionized economy, mercantilist, 5 great farms - biggest trade union in France
old regime
before bourbon rule