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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Three basic tasks represented by professional ethics
-Professional ethics involve acknowledging the reality and importance of the individuals whose lives we affect by our professional actions
-Professional ethics involve understanding the nature of the professional relationship and professional interventions
-Professional ethics involve affirming accountability for our behavior
Acculturation Model of Ethical Identity
Marginalization
Separation
Assimilation
Integration
Core Ethical Competencies
1. To appraise and adopt or adapt one’s own ethical decision-making model and apply it with personal integrity and cultural competence in all aspects of their professional activities
2. To recognize ethical and legal dilemmas in the course of their professional activities
3. To recognize and reconcile conflicts among relevant codes and laws and to deal with convergence, divergence, and ambiguity
4. To raise and resolve ethical and legal issues appropriately
Principle Ethics
Principle Ethics-
Emphasizes the use of rational, objective, universal and impartial principles
Claim objective independence from the person involved
Focuses on acts and choices
“What shall I do?”
Virtue Ethics
Virtue Ethics-
Emphasizes historical virtues
Focuses on the character of identifiable persons
Emphasizes agents or actors
“Who shall I be?”
Remedial Ethics
Ethics represents a fixed entity of prohibitions that must be followed
Focuses on the minimal obligations found in disciplanary codes
Positive Ethics
Ethics is viewed as a way to help psychologists fulfill their highest potential
Focuses on moral excellence
Ethical Decision Model (Fine & Ulrich, 1988) -
Ethical Frameworks/Theories
Utilitarianism - Bentham
Deontology - Kant
Ethical Decision Model (Fine & Ulrich, 1988)-
Specific Principles
Beneficence
Nonmaleficence
Justice
Autonomy
Fidelity
General Beneficence
Ethical Decision Model (Fine & Ulrich, 1988)
Ethical Frameworks/Theories
Specific Principles
Rules
Judgments
First Component of Moral Behavior (Rest, 1983)
Interpreting the situation as a moral one -
“Moral sensitivity”
Second Component of Moral Behavior (Rest, 1983)
Deciding which course of action is just, right, or fair-
“Moral reasoning”
Third Component of Moral Behavior (Rest, 1983)
Deciding what one intends to do
Fourth Component of Moral Behavior (Rest, 1983)
Implementation of the moral action-
“Ego strength”
Ethical Decision Making Model (Koocher & Spiegel, 1988)
-First step
Determine the matter is an ethical one
Ethical Decision Making Model (Koocher & Spiegel, 1988)- 2nd step
Consult available guidelines that might apply to a specific identification and possible mechanism for resolution
Ethical Decision Making Model (Koocher & Spiegel, 1988)- 3rd step
Consider, as best as possible, all sources that might influence the kind of decision you will make
Ethical Decision Making Model (Koocher & Spiegel, 1988)- 4th step
Consult with a trusted colleague
Ethical Decision Making Model (Koocher & Spiegel, 1988)- 5th step
Evaluate the rights, responsibilities, and vulnerability of all affected parties
Ethical Decision Making Model (Koocher & Spiegel, 1988)- 6th step
Generate alternative decisions
Ethical Decision Making Model (Koocher & Spiegel, 1988)
-7th step
Enumerate the consequences of making each decision
Ethical Decision Making Model (Koocher & Spiegel, 1988)
-8th and 9th step
Make the decision
Implement the decision
Ethical Decision-Making Process (Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists ,1991)
-steps 1-2
1. Identification of ethically relevant issues and practices
2. Development of alternative courses of action
Ethical Decision-Making Process (Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists ,1991)
-steps 3-4
3. Analysis of likely short-term, ongoing, and long-term risks and benefits of each course of action on the individual(s)/group(s) involved or likely to be affected
4. Choice of course of action after conscientious application of existing principles, values, and standards
Ethical Decision-Making Process (Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists ,1991)
-steps 5-6
5. Action, with a commitment to assume responsibility for the consequences of the action
6. Evaluation of the results of the course of action
Ethical Decision-Making Process (Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists ,1991)
-step 7
7. Assumption of responsibility for consequences of action, including correction of negative consequences, if any, or re-engaging in the decision-making process if the ethical issue is not resolved
Steps in Ethical Decision Making (Pope & Vasquez, 2007)
-steps 1-2
1. Identify the situation that requires ethical consideration and decision making
2. Anticipate who will be affected by your decision
Steps in Ethical Decision Making (Pope & Vasquez, 2007)
-steps 3-4
3. Figure out who, if anyone is the client
4. Assess your relevant areas of competence and of missing knowledge, skills, experience, or expertise in regard to the relevant areas of the situation
Steps in Ethical Decision Making (Pope & Vasquez, 2007)
-steps 5-6
5. Review relevant formal ethical standards
6. Review relevant legal standards
Steps in Ethical Decision Making (Pope & Vasquez, 2007)
-steps 7-8
7. Review the relevant research and theory
8. Consider how your personal feelings, biases, or self-interest might affect your ethical judgment and reasoning
Steps in Ethical Decision Making (Pope & Vasquez, 2007)
-step 9
9. Consider what effects that social, cultural, religious, or similar factors my have on the situation and on identifying ethical responses
Steps in Ethical Decision Making (Pope & Vasquez, 2007)
-steps 10-12
10. Consider consultation
11. Develop alternative courses of action
12. Evaluate the alternative courses of action
Steps in Ethical Decision Making (Pope & Vasquez, 2007)
-steps 13-14
13. Try to adopt the perspective of each person who will be affected
14. Decide what to do, and then review or reconsider it
Steps in Ethical Decision Making (Pope & Vasquez, 2007)
-steps 15-16
15. Act on and assume personal responsibility for your decision
16. Evaluate the results
Steps in Ethical Decision Making (Pope & Vasquez, 2007)
-steps 17-18
17. Assume personal responsibility for the consequences of your decision
18. Consider implications for preparation, planning, and prevention