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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
virtue theory
the view that morality involves producing excellent persons who act well out of spontaneous goodness and serve as examples to inspire others.
cardinal virtues
four principle virtues advocated by plato: wisdom, temperance, courage, and justice
theological virtues
the principal virtues articulated by St Paul: faith, hope, and charity
moral virtues
honesty, benevolence, non-malevolence, fairness, kindness, conscientiousness, gratitude
non moral virtues
courage, optimism, rationality, self-control, patience, endurance, industry, musical talent, cleanliness, wit
virtue-based theory
we should acquire good character traits not simply act according to moral rules

morality involves being a virtuous person
action-based theory
we should act properly by following moral rules

we judge people based on how they act not on whether they are virtuous people
pure virtue based ethics
the virtues are dominant and have intrinsic value. moral rules or duties are derived from the virtues.

ex: if we calim that we have a duty to be just or beneficent, we must discover the virtues of fairness and benevolence in the good person
the standard action based view
virtues are derived from the principles and are instrumental in performing right actions. for each virtue, there is a corresponding principle that is the important aspect of the relationship.
complementary (pluralistic) ethics
both action based and virtue based models are necessary for an adequate or complete system. they complement each other
the action nature of the rules thesis
moral rules require a person to perform or omit certain actins, these actions can be performed by persons who lack the various virtues as well as by those who possess them
the reduction thesis
the moral virtues are dispositions to obey the moral rules--that is, to perform or omit certain actions. according to the correspondence theory of virtues, each virtue corresponds to an appropriate moral principle
instrumental value thesis
the moral virtues have no intrinsic value but do have instrumental and derivative value. the virtues are important only because they motivate right action.