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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1. Why should an Esty learn about bacteria?
Because they work on the human body, they need to learn how to prevent the spread of disease.
2. Define Bacteria
One cell microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristics.
3. What are the two types of bacteria and label which is beneficial and harmful
Non pathogenic-beneficial
Pathogenic- harmful
4. Name the three classification of pathogenic bacteria and their shapes
Bacilli-rod shaped
Spirilla-spirial or corkscrew
5. Define Virus
Submicrosopic capable of infesting almost all plants, animals, including bacteria.
6. Explain how a bacteria differs from a virus.
Viruses can live only by penetrating cells and becoming part of them, Bacteria can live on their won.
7. What does HIV stand for ? And what is the full name?
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
AIDS-Aquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
8. Why is Hepatitis more easily contracted than HIV?
It is in all body fluids.
9. List 3 ways pathognic bacieria or viruses can enter the body.
break in skin, mouth, nose, eyes, sex.
10. Name 2 ways HIV is tranmitted.
Blood, and body fluids.
11. List 3 wways the body can fight infection.
unbroken skin, body secretions, white blood cells, antitoxins
12. Disease causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in the blood or body fluids are called?
Blood borne pathogens
13. When a disease is spread from one person to another by contact it is called?
14. Explain how a local infection differs from a general infection.
Local is confined to a particular body part. General the blood stream carries it to all parts of the body.
15. Parasites are not capable of sustaining life on their onwn without a host.
True or False?
16. Should contagious diseases and conditions such as ringworm be treated in a spa?
17. The ability of the body to destroy any bacteria that have gained entrance and to resist infection in general is called?
18. This type of immunity is partly inherited and partly developed through hygenic living.
Natural Immunity
19. this type of immunity is developed after the body over comes a disease or through inoculation.
Aquired Immunity
20. What does OSHA stand for?
Occupational Saftey and Health Admin.
21. The removal of pathogens and other substances from tools and surfaces is called?
22. Sterilization or disinfection kills all microorganisms?
23. Name 2 methods of sterilizaton.
Steam Autoclave
Dry heat
24. Chemical agents are used to destroy most bacteria are called?
25. What does MSDS stand for?
Material Saftey Data Sheet