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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
all of the associations that we bring to a word
connotation
dicitionary definition to what the word prefers
denotation
reference to literary or historical related item
allusion
applied to any literature that teaches moral lesson
didactic
world picture; appeals to five sentences
image
prevading atmosphere of a piece of literature
mood
side-by-side two contradictory words or phrases
oxymoron
compare unlikes
figures of speech
what seems to be true vs. what is true
irony
reader knows something that the character doesn't
dramatic irony
opposite to the expected happens
situation irony
say one thing, mean the opposite
verbal irony
"like" or "as"
simile
comparison of unlikes ("he IS")
metaphor
human qualities to inanimate objects
personification
object stands for idea
symbol
part stands for whole or opposite (all hands on deck)
synedoche
gross exaggeration
hyperbole
author addresses an inanimate object
apostrophe
"he's no Einstein"
litotes
close association (The White House said)
meonomy
extended metaphor (thinking to breathing)
analogy
form of lit. whereby the characters/places stand for ideas and concepts outside the story (Hawthorne's Pilgrim's Pride)
allegory
short story to illustrate a point
anecdote
take notes on something of interest
annotation
an inscription on a building, statue, etc.
epigaph
specific work rewritten in same style to make fun of it
parody
take human weaknesses, exaggerate them to hold them to ridicule
satire
"graveyard" poetry (melancholy)
elegy
statement of general truth
aphorism
statement of general truth
aphorism
short, light-hearted poem (can be satrical)
epigram
example: the "black chill"
synaesthesia
the author's attitude towards the subject and reader
tone
something that has been left out
elliptical
"united we stand", "divided we fall"
inversion
starting with subject/ending with subject
loose/periodic
coordinating word order/ideas to create a certain effect/emphasis
parallelisms
repetition of grammatical structure
phrasing
reinforces meaning, construction, tone
punctuation marks
direct contrast
antithesis
a question that is asked that there is no answer (to give a point without soliciting an answer)
rhetorical question