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134 Cards in this Set

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Esperanto infinitives end
-i
esti
to be
manĝi
to eat
meti
to put
paroli
to speak
sidi
to sit
stari
to stand
fari
to do, do
Mi devas fari ion.
I must do something
Mi povas fari ion
I can do something
Anstataŭ
instead of
Anstataŭ ripozi li laboris
instead of resting, he worked.
Krom
besides
por
in order to
sen
without
a preposition before an infinitive in Esperanto is often equal to
a preposition and a word ending --ing in English.
Li vizitis min krom viziti vin.
He visited me besides visiting you.
-us ending expresses
a supposition
a mere thought
a flight of fancy
conditional sentences
use -us endings
Se mi estus riĉa, mi loĝus un Kanado.
-us is also used as
a polite way to express a wish or a request.

Ĉu mi povus havi tason da teo?
Could I have a cup of tea?
nur
only
ankaŭ
also
Correlatives starting with i- are
indefinate and mean some..., or any... .
iu
someone, somebody
io
something
ia
somekind of
ie
somewhere
iel
somehow, in some way.
ial
for some reason
iam
at some time
iom
some (quantity)
ies
someone's, somebody's
Iel, mi perdis mian mansakon
Somehow I've lost my handbag.
malon
opposite
male
on the contrary
ina
feminine
eta
tiny
correlatives with -es
show possession
Kies
whose (what person's)
ties
that one's
ĉies
everyone's
nenies
no one's
Ties sometimes means
the latter's
Johano renkontis Arturon kay ties amikon
John met Arthur and the latter's friend.
Esperanto past participle
-ita
-ita
having been ..-ed

is and adjective formed from a verb

fermi (to close) fermita closed, having been closed
the participle is an adj. and..
must agree with its noun
agiti
to shake
agrabla
pleasant
ambaŭ
both
aperi
to appear
malaperi
to disappear
aŭskulti
to listen to
babili
to chat, chatter
bestĝardeno
zoo
blanka
white
boligi
to boil
brusto
chest
dediĉi
to dedicate, set aside
densa
dense, concentrated
maldensigi
to dilute
dorso
back
ekzerco
exercise
fariĝi
to become
froti
to rub
globkrajono
ball point pen
grandioza
grand, magnificent
graso
fat
gusto
taste
bongusta
tasty
ja
indeed
jene
as follows, thus
konduti
to behave
konsilo
advice
konsileto
a hint
kontraŭi
to oppose
korpo
body
kruro
leg
kuiristo
cook
kulero
spoon
lakto
milk
laŭplaĉe
to your liking
lavi
to wash
legomo
vegetable
leĝera
light, slight
likvaĵo
liquid
lumo
light (not dark)
makulo
a stain
malvarmigi
to cool
mano
hand
meti
to put
miksi
to mix
mola
soft
nazo
nose
naztuko
handkerchief
ornami
adorn, decorate
paro
pair, couple
pecetigi
to break, cut into small pieces
pentri
to paint
pentraĵo
a painting
piedo
foot
plado
dish
propra
one's own
pundo
pound
recepto
recipe
regulo
rule, regulation
roko
rock
salato
salad
sezono
season
sola
alone
spaco
space, room
spici
to spice, season
strio
strip, stripe
stufi
to stew
subtila
subtle
ŝanĝi
to change(something)
ŝultro
shoulder
tapeto
tapestry
teni
to hold, keep
tieulo
a person of that place
tolo
cloth, linen
tranĉi
to cut
tranĉajo
slice
tuj
immediately
unika
unique
valora
valuable
ventro
belly, abdomen
verŝi
to pour
vesto
garment
zorga
careful
zorgi
to take care
ekveturi
to set off
flui
to flow
fluanta
flowing
fridujo
refrigerator, fridge
friti
fry