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8 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Basic Trust vs. Basic Mistrust
(Infancy) A positive relationship with one's primary caretaker during infancy results in a sense of trust and optimism
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
(Toddlerhood): Sense of self (autonomy) develops out of positive interactions with one's parents or other caregivers
Initiative vs Guilt
(early childhood) Favorable relationships with family members result in an ability to set goals and devise and carry out plans without infringing on the rights of others
Industry vs. Inferiority
(school age) The most important influences at this stage are people in the neighbourhood and the school. To avoid feelings of inferiority, the school-age child must master certain social and academic skills.
Identity vs. Role Confusion
(adolescence) Peers are the dominant social influence in adolescence. A positive outcome is reflected in a sense of personal identity and a direction for the future.
Intimacy vs. Isolation
(young adulthood): The main task during early adulthood is the establishment of intimate bonds of love and friendship. If such bonds are not achieved, self-absorption and isolation will result
Generativity vs. Stagnation
(middle adulthood): The people one lives with and works with are most important during this stage. A generative person exhibits commitment to the well-being of future generations.
Ego Integrity vs. Despair
(maturation/old age): In this final stage, social influence broadens to include all of 'humankind'. The development of wisdom (and informed detached concern with life in the face of death) and a sense of integrity require coming to terms with one's limitations and mortality.