Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Bronfenbrenner's ecological Microsystem
child's immediate environment including family, daycare, shcool.
Brofenbrenner Mesosystem
interconnections between the different components of the microsystem.
child is not in direct contact but effects the child i.e. parent's job and friends in the community.
cultural and subcultural context in which other systems are embedded: racism, socioeconomic condition,etc.
Risk factors of child psychopathology
low ses, large family size, marital discord, parental criminality, maternal psychopathology, and placement outside home.
Piaget Sensory Motor Stage
birth-2y, learns object permanence and deferred imitation, beginning of symbolic thought.
Piaget preoperational stage
2-7y, egocentrism leading to magical thinking and animism, ubable to conserve, centration - focusing on one detail
Piaget Concrete Operational
7-12y, reversibility and decentration leading to conservation, transitivity (mentally sort objects)
Piaget formal operational
12+y, hypothetical deductive reasoning, propositional thought, imaginary audience, and personal fable.
Vygotshky theory of cognitive development
learning always occurs on two levels: first between the child and another person then within the child.
Ainsworth secure attachment
explore the environment, may show distress when mother leaves but seeks contact when she returns. Mothers are emotionally sensitive and responsive.
Ainsworth Anxious/Avoidant Attachment
uninterested in the environment,little distress when mom leaves, avoid contact when she returns. moms tend to be either impatient and nonresponsive or overly responsive, involved, and stimulating
Ainsworth Anxious/Resistent attachment
anxious even when mom is present, distress when she leaves, ambivalent when she returns. moms are inconsistent-sometimes indifferent, sometimes enthusiastic.
Ainsworth Disorganized/Disoriented attachment
conflicting responses to mom, alternate between avoidance and proximity seeking. dazed, confused, apprehensive. often maltreated by caregivers.
Secure Autonomous
value attachment relationships and have a secure base provided by at least one parent. Children have secure attachment.
Dismissing Attachment
devalue attachment, guarded and defensive about childhood, idealize parents but can't provide support. 3/4 children are avoidant
Preoccupied Attachment
confused about attachment memories, have anxious/resistant children
Unresolved Attachment
sever trauma and early losses, have children with disorganized attachment.
Piaget Heteronomous morality
4-7y, rules are absolute, the more negative the consequences the worse the act
piaget autonomous morality (reciprocity)
7 or 8, rules are determined by agreement
Kohlberg Preconventional Stage 1
punishment and obedience oriented
Kohlberg preconventional stage 2
instrumental hedonistic orientation - that which satisfies needs is moral
Kohlberg conventional stage 3
good boy/good girl
Kohlberg conventional stage 4
authority and maintaining social order orientation
Kohlberg postconventional stage 5
social contract and individual rights
Marcia Identity Diffusion
have not undergone an id crisis and are not committed to an id. don't know what they want to be.
Marcia Identity Foreclosure
strong committment to an id that was not the outcome of an id crisis but was suggested by another person.
Marcia Identity Moratorium
id crisis and is actively exploring different options and beliefs.
Marcia Identity Achievement
resolved the crisis and is committed to a particular id.
Gillian: loss of voice
result of girls' internalization of sexist messages.
Kubler Ross stages of grief
denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance.