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11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pair maladpative stimulus with an adaptive stimulus.
E.g., Pair snake (CS) with relaxation training (US) to produce calmness (UR/CR)
Examples of Counterconditioning
Systematic Desensitization
Behavior Sex Therapy
Aversive Conditioning
Pair maladaptive stimulus with a stimulus that naturally evokes a negative response

E.g., Pair cigarette/alcohol with a nausea-inducing drug-->eventually the cigarette/acohol produced nausea

E.g., Pair a fetish object (CS) with a shock (US) to produce aversion (CR/UR)
Examples of Aversive Conditioning
In Vivo Aversion Therapy
Covert Sensitization
Classical Extinction
-Exposure to CS and US while preventing an avoidance response
-Based on 2-Factor Theory-anxiety is result of classical and operant cond'g)
E.g., exposure to feared stimulus (i.e., snake) which produces anxiety, but prevent the individual from leaving/avoiding
Examples of Classical Extinction
-Flooding (exposure with response prevention)
-Implosive tx (exposure in imagination)
-Graduated Exposure
Types of Reinforcement
Premack Principle
Differential Reinforcement
Types of Punishment
Overcorrection (includes Restitution and positive practice)
Response Cost
Time Out
Operant Extinction
Withholding reinforcement from previously reinforced response to eliminate or decrease that response

E.g., stop giving food pellet for pushing a button. Eventually, the rat will stop pushing the button.
Effectiveness of a reinforcer is influenced by whether the indivdual's "appetite" for that reinforcer has been satisfied

If someone is not hungry, food will not be an effective reinforcer
A decrease in response to a stimulus after repeated presentations

E.g., initially, turn head to new ring tone, but after awhile, barely notice it