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46 Cards in this Set

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Parasomnias: time of onset
SLeep terrors and SLeepwalking occur during SLow-wave sleep (stages 3&4)

NightmaRE occurs during REM sleep (and is REMembered)
SLow and SLeep
NightmaRE and REM
Depression: Signs/Symptoms
flat Affect
Weight change
loss of Energy
Sad feelings/Suicidal/Sexual inhibition/Sleep change/Social withdrawal
Others (guilt, loss hopeless)
Memory loss
Emotional blunting
AWESOME
W
E
SSSSS
O
M
E
Psychiatric Review of symptoms
Depression/mood disorders
Personality disorders
Substance abuse disorders
Anxiety disorders
Somatization disorder
Cognitive disorders
Psychotic disorders
Depressed Patients Seem Anxious, So Claim Psychiatrists (DPSASCP)
Causes of Dementia
Vitamin deficiency (B12)
Intracranial tumor
Trauma/TBA
Anoxia
Metabolic (Diabetes)
Infection (HIV)
Normal pressure hydrocephalus
Degenerative (Alz, Hunt)
Vascular
Endocrine (hypothyroid)
Space occupying lesion
Toxic (alcohol)
VITAMIN D VEST
Major Depression Criteria (DSM-IV)
Depressed mood most of the day
Energy loss or fatigue
Anhedonia
Death thoughts or SI
Sleep disturbances
Worthlessness/excessive guilt
Appetite/weight change
Mentation decreased
Psychomotor agitation
DEAD SWAMP
Substance Dependence (DSM-IV)
3/7 w/in 12-months:
Withdrawal
reduced Interest
Tolerance
continued use despite known Harm
Intended time, amount exceeded
Time spent toom much
WITHDraw IT
Signs/Symptoms of Mania
Distractibility
Indiscretion
Grandiosity
Flight of ideas
Activity increase
Sleep deficit
Talkativeness
DIG FAST
Physical illnesses mimicking Anxiety
Phaeochromocytoma
Hyperthyroidism
Hypoglycemia
Temporal Lobe Epilepsy
Alcohol
Paroxysmal arrhythmias
Physical Health Hazards That Appear Panicky (PHHTAP)
Diagnostic Criteria for Mania
Must have 3:
Mouth (pressured speech/Mood)
Activity inreased
Naughty (disinhibition)
Insomnia
Attention (distractibility)
Confidence (grandiose ideas)
MANIAC
Pupils in OD: morphene v amphetamine
MorPHINE overdose: pupils constricted (fine)
AmPHETamine overdose: pupils dilated (fat)
PHINE FINE
PHET FAT
Cholinergic Effects
Lacrimation
Excitation of nicotinic synapses
Salivation
Sweating
Diarrhea
Urination
Micturition
Bronchoconstriction
LESS DUMB
Drugs Causing Depression
Promanolol
Reserpine
Oral contraceptives
Methyldopa
Steroids
PROMS
Action of Benzos
Sedation
anti-Convulsant
anti-Anxiety
Muscle relaxant
no antipsychotic activity (NOT BY BRAIN)
Ben SCAMs Pam into seduction NOT BY BRAIN but by muscle
Excitatory v inhibitory NeuroTx
GABA v Glutamate: GLUe is adding together (+) excitatory
GABA is negative (-) inhibitory
Broca Aphasia v Wernicke's Aphasia
Broca: wanting to speak, no articulation, very slow

Wernicke: good articulation, nonsensical
Speech machinery is BROken
phonetic sounds of "Wer" and "nicke" make sense apart, but together, don't.
Personality Disorders:
Cluster A Descriptors
Atypical: Unusual, Odd, Eccentric
Atypical
Personality Disorders:
Cluster B Descriptors
Beast: Uncontrolled wildness
Beast
Personality Disorders:
Cluster C Descriptors
Coward: avoidant type
Compulsive: Obsessive-compulsive type
Clingy: dependent type
Coward
Compulsive
Clingy
Featurs of Sleep Stages
DElta during DEepest (3&4-slow-wave)

dREaM during REM sleep
DE DE
REM REM
Symptoms of AIDS Dementia Complex (ADC)
Atrophy of cortex
Infection/Inflammation
Demyelination
Six months death
A
I
D
S
Kubler-Ross: Death & Dying
Denial
Anger
Bargaining
Grieving
Acceptance
Death Always Brings Great Acceptance
REM features
Rapid pulse & Respirations
Erection
Mental activity increase/Muscle Paralysis
RR
E
MM
Primary gain
Secondary gain
Tertiary gain
Patient's Psyche improved
Symptom Sympathy for patient
Therapist's gain
PP
SS
T
criteria for Autistic Disorder
Again and Again
Unusual abilities
Talking (language) delay
IQ subaverage
Social development poor
Three years onset
Inherited component (35% concordance)
Cognitive impairment
Self injury
AA
U
T
I
S
T
I
C
S
Personality Disorders:
Cluster A Descriptors
Atypical: Unusual, Odd, Eccentric
Atypical
Personality Disorders:
Cluster B Descriptors
Beast: Uncontrolled wildness
Beast
Personality Disorders:
Cluster C Descriptors
Coward: avoidant type
Compulsive: Obsessive-compulsive type
Clingy: dependent type
Coward
Compulsive
Clingy
Featurs of Sleep Stages
DElta during DEepest (3&4-slow-wave)

dREaM during REM sleep
DE DE
REM REM
Symptoms of AIDS Dementia Complex (ADC)
Atrophy of cortex
Infection/Inflammation
Demyelination
Six months death
A
I
D
S
Kubler-Ross: Death & Dying
Denial
Anger
Bargaining
Grieving
Acceptance
Death Always Brings Great Acceptance
REM features
Rapid pulse & Respirations
Erection
Mental activity increase/Muscle Paralysis
RR
E
MM
Primary gain
Secondary gain
Tertiary gain
Patient's Psyche improved
Symptom Sympathy for patient
Therapist's gain
PP
SS
T
criteria for Autistic Disorder
Again and Again
Unusual abilities
Talking (language) delay
IQ subaverage
Social development poor
Three years onset
Inherited component (35% concordance)
Cognitive impairment
Self injury
AA
U
T
I
S
T
I
C
S
Personality Disorders:
Cluster A Descriptors
Atypical: Unusual, Odd, Eccentric
Atypical
Personality Disorders:
Cluster B Descriptors
Beast: Uncontrolled wildness
Beast
Personality Disorders:
Cluster C Descriptors
Coward: avoidant type
Compulsive: Obsessive-compulsive type
Clingy: dependent type
Coward
Compulsive
Clingy
Featurs of Sleep Stages
DElta during DEepest (3&4-slow-wave)

dREaM during REM sleep
DE DE
REM REM
Symptoms of AIDS Dementia Complex (ADC)
Atrophy of cortex
Infection/Inflammation
Demyelination
Six months death
A
I
D
S
Kubler-Ross: Death & Dying
Denial
Anger
Bargaining
Grieving
Acceptance
Death Always Brings Great Acceptance
REM features
Rapid pulse & Respirations
Erection
Mental activity increase/Muscle Paralysis
RR
E
MM
Primary gain
Secondary gain
Tertiary gain
Patient's Psyche improved
Symptom Sympathy for patient
Therapist's gain
PP
SS
T
criteria for Autistic Disorder
Again and Again
Unusual abilities
Talking (language) delay
IQ subaverage
Social development poor
Three years onset
Inherited component (35% concordance)
Cognitive impairment
Self injury
AA
U
T
I
S
T
I
C
S
criteria for Autistic Disorder
Again and Again
Unusual abilities
Talking (language) delay
IQ subaverage
Social development poor
Three years onset
Inherited component (35% concordance)
Cognitive impairment
Self injury
AA
U
T
I
S
T
I
C
S
Cluster A Personality Disorders
Paranoid PD
Schizoid PD
Schizotypal PD
Pretty
Seriously
Schizo
Cluster B Personality Disorders
Antisocial PD
Borderline PD
Histrionic PD
Narcissistic PD
A
B
H
N
Cluster C Personality Disorders
Avoidant PD
Dependent PD
Obsessive-Compulsive PD
A
D
O