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213 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The point of Behavioral Marital Therapy
communication, problem solving, and behavior exchanges (subterfuge, manipulation, misinterpretation)
Transcortical Aphasia
conduction aphasia, Wernicke and Brocas combined, language deficits
head injury and recovery of memories
earliest (oldest) memories than latest (newest) memories
Erikson and Freud (match them up)
trust/mistrust and oral
autonomy/shame and anal
initiative/guilt and phallic
industry/inferiority and latent
ident/role conf and genital
job evaluation = ?
job assess/analysis = ?
money
training
Fiedlers LPC
high LPC = person oriented good for moderate favorable
low LPC = task oriented good for high and low favorable
Premack Principle
using a more often used behavior to increase a less seldom behavior (study EPPP, watch TV)
serial position effect
remember 1st and last thing, part of the multistore/3 box model of memory
levels of process model of memory
learning thru semantics
SE of mean
SD/n^1/2
SD up then SE up
n down then SE up
p value
significance
kappa and alpha
reliabilty coefficients
Pearson R
I/R correlate I/R
Spearman Rho
O correlate O
Biserial
I/R correlate artificial dichotomy
Point biserial
I/R correlate true dichotomy
Transactions
complementary = ?
supplementary = ?
parallel = ?
unequals
equals
a mix of symm and comp
wernicke/korsakoff syndrome
retro amnesia for episodic and semantic memory earliest to latest
transtheoretical model
motivation for change, can use motivational interviewing
R Hemi damage
unilateral neglect
hippocampus
memory consolidation, explicit and spatial memory
medial temporal
hippocampus, temporal, amygdala (autobiographical, semantic, spatial memory)
Big 5 changes in old age
agreeableness and acceptance of change go up and socialbility goes down.
Piaget's stages of developmetn
sensorimotor
preoperational
concrete operational
formal operational
sensorimotor
obj permanence
symbols
sensory observations
preoperational
animisim
centration
transduction (linear causality that does not exist)
egocentric
illogical
conrete operational
conservation, more logial, seriation, operation on object
formal operational
abstract thinking
metacognition
Holland's differentiation
a person with one personality type and no other
Super stages
growth
explore
establish
maintain
disengage
what is career maturity for Super
it is the fulfillment of each stage and the beginning of the next stage
reinforce and punishment
increasing a behavior and decreasing a behavior
Becks cognitive distortions
personalization
arbitrary inference/overgeneralization
selective abstraction/magnification
dichotomous thinking
what is personalization
attributing an external event to oneself without any evidence to support it
what is arbitrary inference
drawing a conclusion without supporting evidence to support it
what is selective abstraction
interpreting a situation based on a single detail
dichotomous thinking
all or nothing thinking
what is the lexical approach
all relevant personality traits are present in english language. it is atheoretical. part of the BIG 5
what is protocol analysis
analyzing a transcript or protocol of a person's verbalizations during an activity or task
what is an eigenvalue
total amount of variability in a set of tests. part of component analysis.
characteristics of AIDS dementia
can't walk, socially withdrawn, poor concentration, forgetfullness
what is trend analysis
looking for the pattern
transactional leader
prefer to maintain the status quo, rely on rewards and punishment to motivate followers.
transformational leader
create a vision for change and empower followers, appeal to their higher ideals
Gestalt THerapy
focuses on contact, awareness, and experimentation
left hemisphere damage
causes depression, mood fluctuation, anxiety, and irritability
equity theory
compare self to others in pay and benefits to output
Beck automatic thoughts
a thought triggered by a specific circumstance and accompanies a emotional reaction
Beck cognitive distortion
systematic error in reasoning that are evident during psychological distress
emotional reasoning
using one's emotions as evidence for the way things are
prospective memory
prefrontal love, do an action at the intended time
primary intervention
decrease the development and incident of a disorder
secondary intervention
the beginning of exhibiting symptoms of a disorder
tertiary intervention
developed disorder
Chodorow
object relations theory with a feminist approach
Webers Law
simple increase in intensity
FEchners Law
algorithmic increase in intensity
Stevens Law
sensation proportional to the power of the stimuli
Fullerton Cattel
JND proportional to the square root of the magnitude
Kagan
genetics
equilibriation
accomodation and assimilation, a drive for order
elaboration
increase in the number of associations to make somethingmore meaningful
deduction
from the general to the specific
differential validity
is related to moderator variables
calibration
a degree of similarity between a persons confidence on a task and their actual success
resolution
what one knows versus what they dont know
mean end analysis
identify a goal, situation, and needs to achieve the goal
Abraham Melatsky and Alloy
hopelessness depression is made up of nine symptoms, where hopelessness is not one of them.
GABA agonist
like benzos, they reduce the symptoms of TD
recall in infants
anywhere between 6 to 12 months. (up to 75% of all infants)
infants categorize by
age, gender, and race. age and gender happen within the first 24 mos while race comes before preschool
multiple regression
predictability
Meds for Tourettes
SSRI esp OCD sx's
conduction aphasia
fluent output, impaired repetition, intact comprehension
Broca's aphasia
nonfluent output, poor repetition, intact comprehension
global aphasia
nonfluent output, disturbed repetition, and abnormal comprehension
Wernickes aphasia
fluent output, impaired repetition, and poor comprehension
KR-20
test of reliability, internal consistency for dichotmous scores
systematic desensitization works because
extinction
greatest incremental validity
selection ratio is low and base rate is moderate
transformational leaders
employees go beyond self, interest for the group
transactional leaders
appeal to employees, interest for self
heterogenous groups lead to ____ productivity and _____ turnover
high`
Bem self perception theory
overjustification theory, external reward decreases intrinsic reward
BARS
critical incident
coke babies are ___-
very sensitive
child depression looks like
psychomotor agitation and somatic complaints
Kohlberg stages are
preconventional
conventionial
postconventional
preconventional is
moral if not punished
conventional is
moral to be liked
postconventional
maintain social order
emic
culture specific counseling
etic
universal approach to counseling
alloplastic
intervention alters the environment
autoplastic
change individual
ADHD leads to what in adulthood
substance abuse unless treated with stimulant
bronfenbrenner
microsystem
mesosystem
exosystem
macrosystem
microsystem
anything that directly affects someone
mesosystem
interaction between elements of microsystem
exosystem
indirectly affecting person
macrosystem
culture, rules, and norms
stanley hall
storm and stress
elliot jacque
midlife crisis
erikson
identity crisis
atypical depression best treated with
ssri and maoi
matching law is
proportion of response = proportion of reinforcement
ultimate criterion
is a conceptual construct that cannot be measured directly but only indirectly
multiple hurdles
admin one predictor at a time from easiest to hardest
Kappa stat
inter rater reliability
regulated breathing
is good for stutters
Helms parallel
similar in racial attitude
Helms crossed
opposing racial attitude
Helms progressive
tx one stage advanced
Helms regressive
tx one stage behind
nicotine receptors are
acetycholine recept
Schein
org culture is a defense mech
taylor russell tables
base rate, selection ratio, and validity coeff
simon
AI
underextension
overregulation
overextension
expansion
-apply term too narrowly
-overextend grammar rules to exceptions
-a word to a wider coolection of objects
-feedback given by adults
in anorexics what neurotransmitter is low
serotonin
tolman studied what with what kind of subjects
he studies rats and looked at cognitive maps
kohler studies what with what kind of subjects
kohler studied chimps and looked at the aha experience
thorndike studied what with what kind of subject
thorndike studied cats and looked at reinforcement
kandel studied what with what kind of subject
kandel studied sea lugs and looked at learning (associative and nonassociative)
Mischel studied what
mischel looked at the consistency paradox which looks at inconsistent behaviors across situations
Asch studied what
asch looked at confromity
milgram studied what
milgram looked at obedience
bandura studied what
bandura looked at social learning
sampling error is what
a random factor that are produced in a nonrepresentative sample
a proband is what
a proband is the affected person in a study
what is an item response curve and what can you tell from it
it looks at the difficulty of an item (position) and discriminability (steepness/slope)
metaanalysis was first described by
smith and glass
when one gets older picture recognition is
picture recognition is least impacted by age
the ponzo effect is
the ponzo effect is a result of how our eyes judge distance from size
in anorexics what neurotransmitter is low
serotonin
tolman studied what with what kind of subjects
he studies rats and looked at cognitive maps
kohler studies what with what kind of subjects
kohler studied chimps and looked at the aha experience
thorndike studied what with what kind of subject
thorndike studied cats and looked at reinforcement
kandel studied what with what kind of subject
kandel studied sea lugs and looked at learning (associative and nonassociative)
Mischel studied what
mischel looked at the consistency paradox which looks at inconsistent behaviors across situations
Asch studied what
asch looked at confromity
milgram studied what
milgram looked at obedience
bandura studied what
bandura looked at social learning
sampling error is what
a random factor that are produced in a nonrepresentative sample
a proband is what
a proband is the affected person in a study
what is an item response curve and what can you tell from it
it looks at the difficulty of an item (position) and discriminability (steepness/slope)
metaanalysis was first described by
smith and glass
when one gets older picture recognition is
picture recognition is least impacted by age
the ponzo effect is
the ponzo effect is a result of how our eyes judge distance from size
what is utility analysis
utility analysis is the feasibility of a measure
what is needs assessment
needs assessmentis looking at training needs
what is performance appraisal
performance appraisal looks at job performance
what is job evaluation
job evaluation establishes the worth of a job
Aids dementia complex staged
mild -can do most things but has some impairments
mod -can't do anything demanding
severe -significant intel impairment
outpatient mental health outcomes
hispanics, anglos, asians, african america
panic looks like in children and adol
3-5 yrs - crying freezing and clinging
6-12 yrs - shortness of breath, chest pain, tachycardia, school refusal
adol - chest pain, heart palpitations, shortness of breath
gergely looked at what
gergeley looked at visual feature presentation which is helpful for mirror self-recognition
huntington and parkinsons is based in
the basal ganglia which is the caudate nucleus, putamen, and substantia nigra
huntingtons and parkinsons caused by
it is caused by a decrease in dopamine in the substantia nigra
where do petit mal seizures start
petit mal seizures begin in the thalamus which has been described as the gateway to consciousness
survey feedback is important for
survey feedback helps employees understand an organization's strength and weaknesses
alzheimer affects
alzheimer affects episodic and semantic memory and can be distinguished from healthy brains by looking at entorhinal cortex
adult attachment interview types of attachment
dismissing - see parents pos even if not
preoccupied - individ is confused, angry, preoccupied
autonomous - good
unresolved/disorg - due to loss or abuse
the ohio state theory on leaders is based on
ohio state thought that it is based on behavior especially consideration and initiating structure.
what is job enrichment
job enrichment is part of the two factor theory where motivation and satisfaction are related to increased job responsibility
activation theory
activation theory is enriching jobs to provide variability and therefore increase motivation level and performance
equity theory
equity theory is based on the ratio of input to outcome, where one compares their ratio to somebody else
scientific management theory
scientific management theory suggests that workers are motivated by external not internal factors such as job enrichment
what are the sx of tricyclic overdose
the sx are: ataxia, cardiac arrythmia, and delirium
what are the sx of 5HT/serotonin toxicity
the sx are: headache, tremor, and confusion
what does lithium toxicity look like
the sxs are nausea, vomiting, loss of coordination, and seizure
what are the sx of neuroleptic malignant syndrome
the sx are muscle rigidity, hyperthermia, and stupor
what did Ebbinghaus study
rote learning leads to rapid forgetting
what is myasthenia gravis
a neuromuscular transmission that inhibits nerve action potential
what is cerebral palsy
brain lesions, persistent, non progressive, motor dysfuntion
what are the main causes of suicide in adolescent
interpersonal conflicts and instrumental/attention seeking
what did Lorenz study
ducks, they have a critical period called imprinting
what is cultural encapsulation
is when the therapist sees others in his own culture unconsciously
what do interest tests look at
interests tests look at choice and satisfaction not selection. selection test look at job sucess
what is multiple cutoff
combine predictor schore that involve in the establishing of minimum cut-offs. must pass each to pass
drug in teen years related to
it is related to alientation, impulsivity, and subjective distress, experimentation due to peer pressure
what is a suppressor variable
a suppressor variable suppresses the correlation between the predictor and the criterion
what is Herzberg 2 factor theory
Herzbergs theory states that satisfaction and motivation increase by giving responsibility and autonomy. money if inadequate will lead to dissatisfaction but not satisfaction.
GAD sx's
difficult controlling the worry
base rate and selection ratio
wthe degree to which a selection technique will increase decision making accuracy depends on these two factors
asomatognosia
inability to recognize parts of the body
prosopagnosia
inability to recognize familiar faces
ansognosia
failure to recognize symptoms
framing
a technique used by transformational leaders
hydrocephalus
their is an increase of fluids in the ventricles
atkinson morten and sue
their model is based on attitudes towards culture
criterion deficiency
conceptual criterion is not measured by the actual
aggression catharsis
while it may initially reduce anger it may lead to increased aggression in the future
on the MMPI random true and false answers lead to what?
high scores on all scales
what is a p value
it is how one tells the level of difficulty on an item.
alzheimers
it is characterized by neuronal loss in the temporal lobe, which comprises the entorhinal complex, amygdala, and hippocampus
what are the initial signs of alzheimers
forget, denying memory problems, mood and personality change, decrease in processing speed and perceptual organization index
troiden's homosexual model
sensitization, confusion, assumption, and integration
what is phenothiazine
it is an atypical antipsychotic that helps reduce positive symptoms
what is negative expressed emotion associated with
it is associated with relapse for schizophrenia
what is the timetable for children in understanding race, gender? what about a deeper understanding of it
it initially happens around 3 to 4 and then at around 10
Korsakoff memory problems
affects explicit more than implicit (like most amnesias)
Tardive dyskinesia can be stopped with
a decrease in dopamine or an increase in gaba
ED sx's
no time duration, just hte inability to maintain or sustain an erection until completion of sex
anticholinergic drugs decrease what
muscle rigidity and tremors
performance feedback and group goals... which is better
both together are better than separate
what does a PET scan look at
metabolic activity
lesions in the visual association cortex causes
aperceptive agnosia, where you can't identify the object visually
lesions in the somatosensory cortex causes
the inability to identify an object kinesthetically
post trauma amnesia affects
verbal memory
factitious disorder sx
the wanting to play sick
malingering sx
wanting to play sick to get something
what is the best predictor of TBI
length of amnesia