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20 Cards in this Set

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LITERAL MEANING OF EPIDEMOLOGY
"STUDY OF WHAT IS UPON PEOPLE/POPULATIONS"
LIST (4) THINGS THAT EPIDEMOLOGY STUDIES
THE STUDY OF CAUSAL AGENTS, OCCURRENCE, DISTRIBUTION, CONTROL OF HEALTH AND DISEASE IN A DEFINED HUMAN POPULATION
DEFFINITION OF "DEFINED POPULATION"
GROUPS OF PEOPLE DEFINED BY THINGS SUCH AS AGE, GEOGRAPHY, RACE, GENDER, INCOME, GENETICS, ECT.
A DEFINED POPULATION IS A COMBINATION OF THE FACTORS SUCH AS AGE, GEOGRAPHY, RACE, GENDER, INCOME, GENETICS, ECT.
NOTE
DEFINE HEALTH
A CONDITION IN WHICH PERFORMS ALL VITAL FUNCTIONS NORMALLY
DEFINE DISEASE
CONDITION IN WHICH VITAL FUNCTION IS IMPAIRED RESULTING IN SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
DEFINE "SIGNS"
AN OBJECTIVE/MEASURABLE MANIFISTATION OF DISEASE
DEFINE "SYMPTOMS"
SUBJECTIVE/NON-MEASURABLE MANIFISTATION OF DISEASE
GIVE 6 EXAMPLES OF SIGNS
RUNNY NOSE, FEVER, PULSE, BLEEDING, TUMOR, VOMMITING, DIARRHEA, SWEATING
GIVE 6 EXAMPLES OF SYMPTOMS
NAUSEA, FATIGUE, DIZZINESS, ANXIETY, THIRST, HUNGER
DEFINE "CAUSAL AGENT"
IDENTIFY THE MICROBE THAT CAUSES THE DISEASE------>THIS LEADS TO TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF THE DISEASE
WHEN DISCUSSING CAUSAL AGENTS....LIST 3 WAYS WE CAN ID THE MICROBE THAT IS CAUSING THE DISEASE
---LOOK AT THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
---COLLECT A SAMPLE AND USE MICRO TECHNIQUES
---USE KOCHS POSTULATES TO LINK THE MICROBE TO THE DISEASE
WHEN TRYING TO ID THE CAUSAL AGENT....WHAT ARE SOME OF THE MICRO TECHNIQUES THAT CAN BE USED
GRAM STAIN, FERMENTATION, SELECTIVE MEDIA
DEFINE "OCCURRENCE"
HOW FREQUENTLY DOES THE DISEASE OCCUR WITHIN THE POPULATION
WHAT IS THE TERM THAT DESCRIBES HOW EPIDEMIOLOGISTS FIGURE OUT "OCCURRENCE"
EPIDEMIOLOGISTS USE "COMMON STATISTICS" TO FIGURE OUT OCCURRENCE
LIST THREE WAYS THAT COMMON STATISTICS ARE USED
PREVELANCE
MORBIDITY(INCIDENCE)
MORTALITY
DEFINE PREVELANCE...WHAT KIND OF CASES DOES PREVELANCE DEAL WITH
PREVELANCE TELLS US HOW COMMON THE DISEASE IS FOR A GIVEN TIME....THIS METHOD COMBINES OLD CASES AND NEW CASES
DEFINE "MORBIDITY" OR INCIDENCE
TELLS US IF THE DISEASE IS SPREADING
DEFINE "MORTALITY"
MORTALITY TELLS US HOW DEADLY A DISEASE IS
WHEN DISCUSSING MORTALITY...WHAT MUST YOU TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION
YOU MUST CONSIDER YOUR POPULATION....IE....COLLEGE STUDENTS VS NEW BORN BABIES