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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What does global health include?
Includes diversity of disease populations, globalization of disease, disease prevention, disaster preparedness.
The difference between public health and global health nursing?
Not an individual as with public health, but a population, culture, community or nation.
What are examples of things that can cause health disparities or variations in healthcare?
access to care, screening, care of diseases, clean water, safe communities, mass transit, socioeconomic factors, lifestyle behaviors, social environment, safe community,lack of insurance, preventative healthcare
Name some variations in heath that are within us as people.
genetics, traits,
How do natural disasters have an impact on global health?
Large numbers of people are affected, huge economic impact, lifetime afteraffects.
Why do advanced practice nurses have to have knowledge in epidemiology?
To make informed decisions and participate in policy-making decisions.
What are the three posts of the epidemiological triangle?
host, agent, environment
What is the agent on the epidemiological triangle?
microbe that causes the
disease (the “what” of the Triangle)
What is the host on the epidemiological triangle?
organism harboring the
disease (the “who” of the Triangle)
What is the environment of the epidemiological triangle?
those external
factors that cause or allow disease
transmission (the “where” of the
Triangle)
What is an epidemic?
exists when there are more cases of a particular disease than
expected in a given area, or among a specific group of people, over a particular period of
time
What is endemic?
when a population has a
high level of the disease all the time
What diseases are improved with improved water, sanitation and hygiene?
diarrheal diseases
For the most part, is there a difference in sex affected by communicable disease?
No equal except TB.
Name three new epidemic diseases
Ebola virus, HIV, SARS, H5N1, west nile, dengue fever, cholera
What are zoonoses?
Infection from animals to humans
Name one example of how change in environment can affect re-emergence of disease.
Housing in deer trails spreading ticks,tropical rain forest building with ebola virus,cooling towers with Legionnaire's disease
Name fours causes of drug resistance
Use of drugs, poor prescribing, inappropriate dispensing of drugs, failure of patient to finish medications, poor quality drugs, agriculture use of antibiotics, poor sanitation or hygiene, lack of surveillance
Key factors contributing to emerging and re-emerging of diseases
Human susceptibility to diseases, climate and weather, ecosystems, economic development and land use, human demographics and behavior, technology and industry, breakdown on public health measures, war and famine, lack of political will, intent to harm
What main factors in other countries have been primary responsible for successful prevention actions?
Sustained political leaderships, civil society efforts,broad based education, programs to stop stigma, open communication on sexual issues.
Prevention efforts for HIV in third world countries?
Epidemic surveillance, information and communication, voluntary testings and counseling, condom promotion, screening for STDs, maternal education, prevention with bloodborne transmission
Why is latent TB so important?
Once immunocompromised they can have active TB. Especially if exposed to HIV.
What is DOTS strategy for in TB?
Sustained political commitment to TB protocol, access to quality smears and testing, standardized protocol for chemotherapy, regular supply of TB drugs, program monitoring and supervision.
What is major factor in contracting malaria?
No mosquito prevention.
What is the most effective method in preventing diarrheal disease in infants?
Breastfeeding through 6 months
Name three neglected tropical diseases.
roundworm, trachoma, hookworm, leischmaniasis, buruli ulcer, leprosy, schistomosiasis, lymphatic filariasis
Discuss a policy program in place to help with drug resistant TB.
Partnership for community awareness, increase access to care, ensure correct and complete treatment, empower patients without stigma, training HC professionals,
Most malaria drugs are resistant, so what is the best way to approach this disease.
Mosquito prevention
Name several non communicable diseases in the world
cardiovascular, cancer, diabetes, mental disorders
Risk factors for many non communicable diseases is what?
Lifestyle
What are major factors that influence non communicable diseases?
aging,economic development, globalization, and urbanization
What is the difference between mortality and morbidity?
Morbidity is a diseased state, disability, or poor health due to any cause. mortality is death form disease.
Why is culture important when trying to manage disease?
Depending upon where one lives their beliefs may affect education and prevention and treatment.