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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
skilled craftspersons making products like weapons
Greek city-state
great landowners formed ruling class in Roman Republic
Roman Republic social class made of minor landholders, craftspeople, merchants, and small farmers
"money for man" value of person in money in Germanic society.
language of everyday speech in region
military expeditions carried out by European Christians in Middle Ages to regain Holy land from Muslims.
ideal behavior developed among nobility. code of ethics knights upholded.
business association with a particulars trade or craft.
Italian renaissance; rebirth of the people, art, and culture
movement of Renaissance based on study of humanities. [grammar, poetry, history etc.]
protestant reformation divided church into Catholic and Protestant groups
balance of trade
difference in value between what a nation imports and what it exports
triangular slave trade
Connected Europe, African, And American continents. Europe sends goods to Africa and trades for slaves. Slaves shipped to America and sold. Europe buys goods and goes back to Europe.
Thirty Years' War
Began in 1618 in Holy Roman Empire. struggle between Catholic and Protestant nobles. Became Political conflict. Most destructive conflict yet.
Scientific method
systematic procedure for collecting and analyzing evidence.
social contract
concept that entire society agrees to be governed by its general will
18th century philosophical movement of intellectuals who are greatly impressed with achievements of Scientific Revolution.
middle class including merchants, industrialists, and professional people
Reign of Terror
When Committee of Public Safety takes control. courts set up to prosecute internal enemies of revolution. 40,000 killed.
Congress of Vienna
after defeat of napoleon Great Britain Austria Prussia and Russia met to arrange peace settlement. Rearranged territories in Europe balancing powers.
Universal male suffrage
right of all males to vote in elections
military draft
Continental System
French economic plan to cripple Britain. Russia's refusal to conform led to the Russian campaign.
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty ending World War I. It was extremely unfair to Germany, forcing them to accept all of the blame for the war. It is a major cause of World War II.
War of Attrition
concept that to win a war, one's enemy must be worn down to the point of collapse by continuous losses in personnel
Five years plan
set economic goals for five year periods purpose to transform Russia overnight from agricultural into industrial.
system in which private farms were eliminated and government owned all the land.
Kellogg Briand pact
treaty between the United States and other nations "to renounce war as an instrument of national policy"
Organized destruction of synagogues, Jewish houses, and shops, accompanied by arrests of individual Jews, which took place in Germany and Austria under the Nazis on the night of November 9-10, 1938
restriction intended to enforce international law
The annexation of Austria to Germany.
policy of US where we tried to hold back spread of communism
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
designed to protect Western Europe from a Soviet attack.
Marshall Plan
aid from the United States used to rebuild Europe after World War II.
restructuring of the Russian economy along capitalist lines by Stalin
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
to co-ordinate prices and supply policies of the major petroleum exporting countries.
independent, self-governing city that incorporated its surrounding territory
system of government with "rule by the best".
nobles rule
form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator
political system governed by a few people
power is centralized in the hands of an organized élite
assembly possessing high legislative powers
alliance between three equally powerful political or military leaders
common law
unwritten body of law based on general custom
legislative assembly in certain countries [Great Britain]
French Parliament
Magna Carta
Document signed by King John of England in 1215 AD that limited the king’s power and guaranteed certain basic rights
system in which a king or queen shared power with the nobility, who required services from the common people in return for allowing them to use the nobles land.
philosophy that stresses the development and control of trade able goods as a means to foster the general good or wealth of a society or country
sovereign power or ultimate authority in the state rested in the hands of a king who claimed to rule by divine right.
a political orientation that favors progress and reform
political or theological orientation advocating the preservation of the best in society and opposing radical changes
Napoleonic Code
Took away many of the rights gained by women, aimed at reestablishing the "family monarchy".
national assembly
transitional body between the Estates-General and the National Constituent Assembly which existed from June 17 to July 9 of 1789.
national convention
third estate of the Estates General -broke from the Estates because they wanted the Estates to sit as a committee and not as segregated groups.
system based on public ownership of the means of production and distribution of wealth.
economic and social system in which individuals can maximize profits because they own the means of production.
Monroe Doctrine
established that any attempt of a European country to colonize in the Americas would be considered an unfriendly act by the United States
Indian National Congress
Made to seek reforms in Britain's government of India.
political idea that the primary guiding principle is that the state or nation is the highest priority, rather than personal or individual freedoms