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19 Cards in this Set

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Development
The construction of buildings, roads, bridges, dams, and other sturctures.
Litter
The layer of dead leaves and grass on top of the soil.
Topsoil
An upper layer of soil consisting of rock, fragments, nutrients, water, air, and decaying plant and animal matter.
Subsoil
The layer of soil below topsoil that has less plant and animal matter then topsoil.
Bedrock
Rock that makes up Earth's crust.
Erosion
The process by which water, wind, or ice moves particles of rock or soil.
Nutrient Depletion
The situation that arises when more soil nutrients are used then the decomposers can supply.
Fertilizer
A substance that provides mutrients to help crops grow better.
Desertification
The advance of desert-like conditions into areas that previously were fertile.
Drought
A period of less rain then normal.
Land Reclamation
The process of restoring land to a more natural state.
Municipal Solid Waste
Waste produced in homes, businesses, and schools.
Incinerator
A furnace or a container for incinerating waste materials.
Leachate
Polluted liquid produced by water passing through buried wastes in a landfill.
Recycling
The process of reclaming and reusing raw material.
Biodegradable
Capable of being broken down by bactiera and other decomposers.
Composting
The process of helping biodegradable wastes to decompose naturally.
Hazardous Wastes
A material that can be harmful if it is not properly disposed of.
Sanitary Landfill
A landfill that holds nonhazderous wastes such as muncipal solid wastes and constrction debris.