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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Base
realeases O H
gained 1 electron
Ph scale
measuring of hydrogen ions
Enviroement
Abiotic-non living
Biotic-living
Species
Group of individuals that have: -Potenetial to interbreed
-produce fertile offspring
Have to have both
Habitat
organism surroindings
It can change, dpeends on species
Niche
species function or role in enviroment
every species fills a niche
Competative exclusion principle
No two species can occupy same niche, if so competetion arises 2 things can happen
1 will have to change niche

1 will become extinct
Roles in Enviroment
Producers

Consumers
Producers
Organisims that produce their own food
Plants

Consumer
Rely on other organims for energy
Internal cost
cost of individual
External cost
cost that society bears/cost shared by soceity.
Pollution-prevention costs vs. pollution cost
-cheaper to prevent pollution when taking internal and external cost
-Companies dont pay external cost.
Maket based incentives
-Tradeable admission permits(home improvemnet)
-Perofming bonds/deposit refund program(recycling)
-Subtaties
Cost benifit analaysis
Going to weigh your benifits vs. credit and try to maxmaize benefits
Tragedy of the Commons
commonly held resource is destroyed cause self intrest outweighs public intrest.
-When we all own it we tend to misuse it
-Individual benefits out way costs
-Abused cause external cost
Debt for nature swap
we will take debt in exchange for a national park
protects enviroment
Natural increase
will have expanding population when birth rate is greater than death rate
child growing in developed country will consume more than devolping countires but more kids are born in develpoed countries
Total growth rate
Natural migration + Net migra
-
(birth rate-death rate) +/- (immigration -migration)

Mortaliy rate
humane population is growing as a result of decreased mortatlity rate
ppl are living longer
Two Demographic worlds
1st-poor, young, rapidly grown(less develpoed countries/80% population)
2nd-wealthy/mostly shrinking
Demographic transition
-Premodern society-poor conditions keep death
-High birth rates
-Eventually birth rates begin to fall
-Developed countries-birth/death stabalize
Age sex pyramid
2.1 replacemnet level
above 2.1 population growth
below 2.1 population decrease
Reduction Population
-higer education, less childern they have
-women earn salary less likely to have children