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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The top grain producers worldwide are:
China, India and the United States
Irrigation of farm land is an ancient practice - at least 6,000 years old. For most of that time period aquifers were not depleted. It is only very recently, perhaps the last 100 years, that aquifer depletion has become a problem in many parts of the world. This is because of:
wide use of diesel and electric powered pumps
A "fossil aquifer" is one which
receives little or no water recharge
At least _____% of total water use world-wide today is for crop irrigation to raise food. The rest is for urban, domestic, and industrial uses.
About ____% of India's population lives in urban areas today.
It is estimated that about ___% of China's population lives in urban areas today.
The key to providing rural areas in India with electric power is:
undertaking renewable energy projects in the form of solar, wind, and hydropower.
India's elevated energy intensity level is due largely to the virtual absence of energy efficiency and conservation measures.
In contrast to many other developing countries such as India and Brazil, China has reduced its energy intensity over the last decade. This is due to:
efforts by the Chinese government to conserve energy.
China (today) obtains most of its electric power from:
coal-burning electric power generating plants
China's second most important primary energy source is:
China's #2 source of energy used today to generate electric power is:
hydroelectric power
China currently generates about ___% of its electricity from nuclear power.
China's per capita energy consumption and carbon emissions are today much lower than that of the United States.
Recent economic growth in India is more than double that of the United States
Recent economic growth in China is less than that of India.
The country in which the greatest foreign investment is being made today is:
No more than about ____% of China's land is arable.
The Number 1 producer of aluminum in the world today is
What Chinese leader is known for this legendary quote:
"It makes no difference whether the cat is black or white as long as it catches mice."
Deng Xiaoping
One of the positive results of the 1949 communist take-over in China leading to the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) was the return of farmland ownership to farmers.
The establishment of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) in 1949 led to the liberation of women - allowing them to choose whom they would marry, to own land, and to have equal rights over property and divorce settlements.
In spite of all of the good things Mao Zedong accomplished with the establishment of the PRC, nevertheless almost 30 years of untold hardship, poverty, hunger, and even starvation followed in the wake of Mao's 1949 communist revolution.
Toward the end of Mao Zedong's rule over China in 1976 when he died, he decided to meet with U.S. President Richard Nixon in 1972. Why did he decide to do this?
Mao feared the development of nuclear weapons by the Soviet communists and wanted to encourage a relationship with America.
The development of special economic zones in China was due to the philosophy and work of:
Deng Xiaoping
Bus Rapid Transport, an idea which combines the speed of subways with the affordability of buses was first developed in:
China is #1 in all of the following areas except one. Which one is that?
automobile production
India is building massive hydroelectric dams today
The chemical formula for methane is:
As we saw in the U.S. Census World Population Clock, world population is increasing every minute, but nevertheless the rate of world population increase is decreasing.
Carbon monoxide, CO, is not one of the air pollutants produced when coal is burned.
One of the main reasons why the Chinese government decided to build the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River is to control massive flooding events known to occur periodically on the River.
One of the main reasons why the Chinese government decided to build the Three Gorges Dam was to reduce air pollution caused by coal-burning electric power plants.
The pH of normal, unpolluted, rainfall is:
Forest dieback, now commonly seen in Quebec, Canada and parts of New England, is caused by:
Acid rain produced by sulfur dioxide emissions from coal-burning power plants,
We now believe that forest dieback is caused when the chemical element:______ is released from forest soils.
Priority air pollutants identified by U.S. air quality legislation include all of the following except:
carbon dioxide
The geo-engineering proposal we discussed in class to minimize or perhaps reverse global climate change involves:
Injecting sulfur dioxide into the earth's straosphere
Mercury in rivers and lakes has become a global problem. The principal cause of this problem is:
combustion of coal
The cost of electric power being generated by China's Three Gorges Dam is about:
about .03 per kilowatt hour
The U.S. today has about _____% of the world's nuclear reactors (to the nearest whole percent).
The United States is #1 in wind power today.
India's Bhopal disaster involved:
a toxic leak from an industrial chemical plant
In the last 20 years or so, environmental concerns in India have taken precedence over the country's economy.
World-wide, the greatest number of premature deaths known to occur each year as a result of air pollution take place in:
Both India and China are non-participating nations in the Kyoto Protocol
In recent years, let's say the last decade or so, the country whose carbon emissions (that is, carbon dioxide emissions) have increased the most:
Croplands in China and India are now becoming less productive.
China's main wheat growing region is:
The Northern Plain
Surprisingly, India imports far more oil (petroleum) each year that china