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85 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Plot
incidents or events which compose the story
event
something that takes place
incident
minor even or condition related to another
Action
series of events that form part of a plot
introduction
introduces setting, characters, and basica situation. Begins the plot
inciting incident
point at which the conflit is introduced
rising action
events that lead to the climax
climax
highest point of interest where conflict is resolved
falling action
all action leading from the climax to the conclusion
denouement
solution or unraveling of main conflict
conclusion
the "winding up" of the sotry
conflict
clash of opposing forces
protaganist
main character
antagonist
forces that oppose the main character
setting
when and where the story takes place
Dilemma
choice between two undesirable courses of actions
crisis
turning point in action where character must make a decision to determine the outcome
forshadowing
hints of what will happen later in the story
flashback
when character thinks back to an event that happened before the story began
suspense
device used to develop plot and keep readers interested
mystery
unknown
fiction
invented work created from imagination. work not presented as fact but may be based on a true story
story
piece of fiction that narrates chain of events
direct presentation
characterization told through the author
indirect presentation
characterization shown through the characters
character
person presented through dialogue, actions, etc..
static characters
remain stable in attitude (don't change)
dynamic characters
undergo personal development (they do change)
flat characters
have a single quality, don't know much about them
rounch characters
many sided character, easily defined
stereotype
generalization about person or group, character you know b/c you've seen them too often.
stock characters
types of characters which have been repeatedly used
character story
a story in which character is more important than action
theme
an underlying thought or idea
explicit theme
when theme is stated directly
implicit theme
when theme has to be inferred
moral
conclusion drwn from events of story
central purpose
reason the author wrote the story
narrator
person who tells the story
point of view
how the story is told
irony
unexpected twist
tone
attitude towards the subject
denotation
dictionry definiton or a word
connotation
implied meaning of a word emphatically emphasizing what you are saying
exemplifies
giving examples
mood
emotional background
style
expresses author's individuality through choice of words
contrast
shows difference between things or people
description
adds to realism, gives detailed picture about someone or something
metaphor
implied comparison
simile
comparison using 'like' or 'as'
personification
gives human qualities to inanimate objects
hyperbole
exaggeration
metonymy
word that relates to an object describes the object itself
synecdoche
takes part of object to describe the whole
onomatopoeia
words that imitate or suggest the meaning of wut is being described
alliteration
repetition of the same consonant sound
assonance
repetition of same vowel sound
apostrophe
dressing an inanimate object as if it were alive.
litotes
understatment (opposite of hyperboble)
stanzas
one of the divisions of a poem, composed of two or more lines usually characterized by a common pattern of meter, rhyme and number of lines
epic
long narrative poem
ballad
a story told in a song
ode
long lyric poem
song
poem adapted to vocal music
sacred lyrics
name for hymns
elegy
poem that expresses mourning
sonnet
lyric poem consisting of single stanza or fourteen lines linked by intricate rhyme scheme
descriptive poetry
describes something through sense images
humorous poetry
provide nonsensical forms for purely entertainment purpose
concrete poetry
exploits the graphic poem written in shapes of subject
rhyme
repetition of similar sounds often occuring at set intervals and at the end
end rhyme
rhyme that occurs at the end of the line
internal rhyme
rhyme that occurs withing a line
true rhyme
occurs when initial consonants change but succeeding vowels and consonants stay the same
Ear rhyme
occurs when words a spelled differently but sound the same
half rhyme
occurs when changes withing the vowel sounds of the words are meant to rhyme
eye rhyme
hen words are spelled the same and look alike but sound different
identical rhyme
when the same word is repeated for emphasis
meter
rhythm of a poem
foot
unit rhythm
free verse
usually unrhymed lines and no fixed pattern
blank verse
verse consisting of unrhymed lines, usually of iambic pentameter
iambic
unstressed, stressed
trochaic
a metrical unit with stressed, unstressed syllables