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31 Cards in this Set

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What was the Harlem Renaissance and when did it take place?
It was a literary, musical, and artistic peak for AFrican Americans in the 1920s.
Why did African Americans come to Harlem?
They were looking for economic and personal freedom.
Explain the tough times of 1919.
"Red Summer" which had many anti-black riots in over 26 cities.
Explain the tough times of 1920.
KKK membership was over 4 million people.
What was the Cotton Club and why was it important?
Popular night club which both blacks and whites attended.
What was the "New Negro"? Who coined the phrase?
The New Negro was someone who claimed the right to define themselves and defend themselves; PRIDE. The phrase was coined by Alain Locke.
Describe the characteristics of jazz.
Syncopated rhythms, self-expression, improvisation, distortion in melody and harmony. Influenced by African Caribbean, Spanish, and French music. Originated in New Orleans.
Langston Hughes
Wrote The Weary Blues (1925), Praises blackness, embraced common people as subject. Blended blues and jazz into work.
Zora Neale Hurston
Raised in Florida. Trained in anthropology at Barnard. Love of black language and manners. Says African Americans are complete human beings.
James Weldon Johnson. What did he write?
My City.
Who wrote "I, too"?
Langston Hughes.
Who wrote "Harlem"?
Langston Hughes.
Who wrote "The Weary Blues"?
Langston Hughes
What work and author is this from:
"They send me to eat in the kitchen."
"I'll be at the table when company comes"
"I, too, sing America"
"I, too" by Langston Hughes
What work and author are these lines from?
"What happens toa dream deferred?"
"Does it sink like rotten meat?"
"Maybe it just sags like a heavy load"
"Harlem" by Langston Hughes
What work and author are these lines from?
"In a deep song voice with a melancholy tone"
"He slept like a rock or a man that's dead"
"The Weary Blues" by Langston Hughes.
What ended the Harlem Renaissance?
The Great Depression.
Explain "My City" by James Weldon Johnson.
In the first stanza, Johnson explains what he will not miss about the city when he dies. In the second stanza, he explains what he will miss when he dies.
Who wrote "When the Negro was in Vogue"?
Langston Hughes
Who wrote "Theme for English B"
Langston Hughes
Who wrote "Any Human to Another"?
Countee Cullen
Who wrote "How it Feels to be Colored Me"?
Zora Neale Hurston
Explain what happens to Zora in "How it Feels to be Colored Me".
Zora lives in a exclusively colored town. She is then forced to move into a white town. She says "she is not tragically colored" because her race does not make her a better or worse person. Jazz music affected her greatly. she uses a "stuffed bags" metaphor at the end of the work.
Jean Toomer
Mixed race. Attended all black and all white schools at different points in his life. Famous for writing "Cane" which is a collection of poems about blacks in the south.
Bontemps
Wrote "The Story of the Negro" and was a professor at Harlem University.
Define mood.
Emotional atmosphere a writer creates for a reader.
What poem is about what the author will and will not miss about city life?
"My City" by James Weldon Johnson
Define voice.
A writer's unique use of language that allows a reader to "hear" a human personality in his or her writing.
What is the mood for "I, Too"
Sadness, a longing for equality
What is the mood for "Harlem"
Disgust, foreshadowing of an explosion to come
"The Weary Blues"
Soulful, more content than the others