Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/742

Click to flip

742 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
consignor
n. One who entrusts.
consistency
n. A state of permanence.
console
v. To comfort.
consolidate
v. To combine into one body or system.
consonance
n. The state or quality of being in accord with.
consonant
adj. Being in agreement or harmony with.
consort
n. A companion or associate.
conspicuous
adj. Clearly visible.
abdicate
v. To give up (royal power or the like).
conspirator
n. One who agrees with others to cooperate in accomplishing some unlawful purpose.
conspire
v. To plot.
abdomen
n. In mammals, the visceral cavity between the diaphragm and the pelvic floor; the belly.
abdominal
n. Of, pertaining to, or situated on the abdomen.
abduction
n. A carrying away of a person against his will, or illegally.
aberration
n. Deviation from a right, customary, or prescribed course.
abeyance
n. A state of suspension or temporary inaction.
abhorrence
n. The act of detesting extremely.
abhorrent
adj. Very repugnant; hateful.
abidance
n. An abiding.
able-bodied
adj. Competent for physical service.
ablution
n. A washing or cleansing, especially of the body.
abnegate
v. To renounce (a right or privilege).
abnormal
adj. Not conformed to the ordinary rule or standard.
abominable
adj. Very hateful.
abominate
v. To hate violently.
abomination
n. A very detestable act or practice.
aboriginal
adj. Primitive; unsophisticated.
aborigines
n. The original of earliest known inhabitants of a country.
aboveboard
adv. & adj. Without concealment, fraud, or trickery.
abrasion
n. That which is rubbed off.
abridge
v. To make shorter in words, keeping the essential features, leaning out minor particles.
abridgment
n. A condensed form as of a book or play.
abrogate
v. To abolish, repeal.
abscess
n. A Collection of pus in a cavity formed within some tissue of the body.
abscission
n. The act of cutting off, as in a surgical operation.
abscond
v. To depart suddenly and secretly, as for the purpose of escaping arrest.
absence
n. The fact of not being present or available.
absent-minded
adj. Lacking in attention to immediate surroundings or business.
absolution
n. Forgiveness, or passing over of offenses.
absolve
v. To free from sin or its penalties.
absorption
n. The act or process of absorbing.
abstain
v. To keep oneself back (from doing or using something).
abstemious
adj. Characterized by self denial or abstinence, as in the use of drink, food.
abstinence
n. Self denial.
abstruse
adj. Dealing with matters difficult to be understood.
abundant
adj. Plentiful.
abusive
adj. Employing harsh words or ill treatment.
academic
adj. Of or pertaining to an academy, college, or university.
academician
n. A member of an academy of literature, art, or science.
academy
n. Any institution where the higher branches of learning are taught.
accelerate
v. To move faster.
accessible
adj. Approachable.
accession
n. Induction or elevation, as to dignity, office, or government.
accessory
n. A person or thing that aids the principal agent.
acclaim
v. To utter with a shout.
accommodate
v. To furnish something as a kindness or favor.
accompaniment
n. A subordinate part or parts, enriching or supporting the leading part.
accompanist
n. One who or that which accompanies.
accompany
v. To go with, or be associated with, as a companion.
accomplice
n. An associate in wrong-doing.
accomplish
v. To bring to pass.
accordion
n. A portable free-reed musical instrument.
account
n. A record or statement of receipts and expenditures, or of business transactions.
accouter
v. To dress.
accredit
v. To give credit or authority to.
accumulate
v. To become greater in quantity or number.
accuracy
n. Exactness.
accurate
adj. Conforming exactly to truth or to a standard.
accursed
adj. Doomed to evil, misery, or misfortune.
accusation
n. A charge of crime, misdemeanor, or error.
accusatory
adj. Of, pertaining to, or involving an accusation.
accustom
v. To make familiar by use.
acerbity
n. Sourness, with bitterness and astringency. acetate n. A salt of acetic acid.
Achillean
adj. Invulnerable.
achromatic
adj. Colorless,
acidify
v. To change into acid.
acknowledge
v. To recognize; to admit the genuineness or validity of.
acknowledgment
n. Recognition.
acoustic
adj. Pertaining to the act or sense of hearing.
acquaint
v. To make familiar or conversant.
acquiesce
v. To comply; submit.
acquiescence
n. Passive consent.
acquire
v. To get as one's own.
acquisition
n. Anything gained, or made one's own, usually by effort or labor.
acquittal
n. A discharge from accusation by judicial action.
acquaintance
n. Release or discharge from indebtedness, obligation, or responsibility.
acreage
n. Quantity or extent of land, especially of cultivated land.
acrimonious
adj. Full of bitterness.
acrimony
n. Sharpness or bitterness of speech or temper.
actionable
adj. Affording cause for instituting an action, as trespass, slanderous words.
actuality
n. Any reality.
actuary
n. An officer, as of an insurance company, who calculates and states the risks and premiums.
adamant
n. Any substance of exceeding hardness or impenetrability.
addendum
n. Something added, or to be added.
adherence
n. Attachment.
adherent
adj. Clinging or sticking fast.
adhesion
n. The state of being attached or joined.
adjacency
n. The state of being adjacent.
adjacent
n. That which is near or bordering upon.
adjudge
v. To award or bestow by formal decision.
adjunct
n. Something joined to or connected with another thing, but holding a subordinate place.
adjuration
n. A vehement appeal.
adjutant
adj. Auxiliary.
administrator
n. One who manages affairs of any kind.
admissible
adj. Having the right or privilege of entry.
admittance
n. Entrance, or the right or permission to enter.
admonish
v. To warn of a fault.
admonition
n. Gentle reproof.
adoration
n. Profound devotion.
adulterant
n. An adulterating substance.
adulterate
v. To make impure by the admixture of other or baser ingredients.
adumbrate
v. To represent beforehand in outline or by emblem.
adverse
adj. Opposing or opposed.
adversity
n. Misfortune.
advertiser
n. One who advertises, especially in newspapers.
advisory
adj. Not mandatory.
advocacy
n. The act of pleading a cause.
advocate
n. One who pleads the cause of another, as in a legal or ecclesiastical court.
aeronaut
n. One who navigates the air, a balloonist.
aeronautics
n. the art or practice of flying aircraft
aerostat
n. A balloon or other apparatus floating in or sustained by the air.
aerostatics
n. The branch of pneumatics that treats of the equilibrium, pressure, and mechanical properties.
affable
adj. Easy to approach.
affectation
n. A studied or ostentatious pretense or attempt.
affiliate
n. Some auxiliary person or thing.
affirmative
adj. Answering yes; to a question at issue.
affluence
n. A profuse or abundant supply of riches.
affront
n. An open insult or indignity.
aforesaid
adj. Said in a preceding part or before.
afterthought
n. A thought that comes later than its appropriate or expected time.
agglomerate
v. To pile or heap together.
aggrandize
v. To cause to appear greatly.
aggravate
v. To make heavier, worse, or more burdensome.
aggravation
n. The fact of being made heavier or more heinous, as a crime , offense, misfortune, etc.
aggregate
n. The entire number, sum, mass, or quantity of something.
aggression
n. An unprovoked attack.
aggrieve
v. To give grief or sorrow to.
agitate
v. To move or excite (the feelings or thoughts).
agrarian
adj. Pertaining to land, especially agricultural land.
ailment
n. Slight sickness.
alabaster
n. A white or delicately tinted fine-grained gypsum.
alacrity
n. Cheerful willingness.
alchemy
n. Chemistry of the middle ages, characterized by the pursuit of changing base metals to gold.
alcoholism
n. A condition resulting from the inordinate or persistent use of alcoholic beverages.
alderman
n. A member of a municipal legislative body, who usually exercises also certain judicial functions.
aldermanship
n. The dignity, condition, office, or term of office of an alderman.
alienable
adj. Capable of being aliened or alienated, as lands.
alienate
v. To cause to turn away.
alienation
n. Estrangement.
allegory
n. The setting forth of a subject under the guise of another subject of aptly suggestive likeness.
alleviate
v. To make less burdensome or less hard to bear.
alliance
n. Any combination or union for some common purpose.
allotment
n. Portion.
allusion
n. An indirect and incidental reference to something without definite mention of it.
alluvion
n. Flood.
almanac
n. A series of tables giving the days of the week together with certain astronomical information.
alteration
n. Change or modification.
altercate
v. To contend angrily or zealously in words.
alternate
n. One chosen to act in place of another, in case of the absence or incapacity of that other.
alternative
n. Something that may or must exist, be taken or chosen, or done instead of something else.
altitude
n. Vertical distance or elevation above any point or base-level, as the sea.
alto n.
The lowest or deepest female voice or part.
altruism
n. Benevolence to others on subordination to self-interest.
altruist
n. One who advocates or practices altruism.
amalgam
n. An alloy or union of mercury with another metal.
amalgamate
v. To mix or blend together in a homogeneous body.
amateur
adj. Practicing an art or occupation for the love of it, but not as a profession.
amatory
adj. Designed to excite love.
ambidextrous
adj. Having the ability of using both hands with equal skill or ease.
ambiguous
adj. Having a double meaning.
ambitious
adj. Eagerly desirous and aspiring.
ambrosial
adj. Divinely sweet, fragrant, or delicious.
ambulance
n. A vehicle fitted for conveying the sick and wounded.
ambulate
v. To walk about
ameliorate
v. To relieve, as from pain or hardship
amenable
adj. Willing and ready to submit.
Americanism
n. A peculiar sense in which an English word or phrase is used in the United States.
amicable
adj. Done in a friendly spirit.
amorous
adj. Having a propensity for falling in love.
amorphous
adj. Without determinate shape.
ampersand
n. The character &; and.
amphibious
adj. Living both on land and in water.
amphitheater
n. An edifice of elliptical shape, constructed about a central open space or arena.
amplitude
n. Largeness.
amputate
v. To remove by cutting, as a limb or some portion of the body.
amusement
n. Diversion.
anachronism
n. Anything occurring or existing out of its proper time.
anagram
n. The letters of a word or phrase so transposed as to make a different word or phrase.
analogous
adj. Corresponding (to some other) in certain respects, as in form, proportion, relations.
analyst
n. One who analyzes or makes use of the analytical method.
analyze
v. To examine minutely or critically.
anarchy
n. Absence or utter disregard of government.
anathema
n. Anything forbidden, as by social usage.
anatomy
n. That branch of morphology which treats of the structure of organisms.
ancestry
n. One's ancestors collectively.
anecdote
n. A brief account of some interesting event or incident.
anemometer
n. An instrument for measuring the force or velocity of wind.
anesthetic
adj. Pertaining to or producing loss of sensation.
angelic
adj. Saintly.
Anglophobia
n. Hatred or dread of England or of what is English.
Anglo-Saxon
n. The entire English race wherever found, as in Europe, the United States, or India.
angular
adj. Sharp-cornered.
anhydrous
adj. Withered.
animadversion
n. The utterance of criticism or censure.
animadvert
v. To pass criticism or censure.
animalcule
n. An animal of microscopic smallness.
animate
v. To make alive.
animosity
n. Hatred.
annalist
n. Historian.
annihilate
v. To destroy absolutely.
annotate
v. To make explanatory or critical notes on or upon.
annunciation
n. Proclamation.
anonymous
adj. Of unknown authorship.
antagonism
n. Mutual opposition or resistance of counteracting forces, principles, or persons.
Antarctic
adj. Pertaining to the south pole or the regions near it.
antecede
v. To precede.
antecedent
n. One who or that which precedes or goes before, as in time, place, rank, order, or causality.
antechamber
n. A waiting room for those who seek audience.
antedate
v. To assign or affix a date to earlier than the actual one.
antediluvian
adj. Of or pertaining to the times, things, events before the great flood in the days of Noah.
antemeridian
adj. Before noon.
antemundane
adj. Pertaining to time before the world's creation.
antenatal
adj. Occurring or existing before birth.
anterior
adj. Prior.
anteroom
n. A room situated before and opening into another, usually larger.
anthology
n. A collection of extracts from the writings of various authors.
anthracite
n. Hard coal.
anthropology
n. The science of man in general.
Antichrist
n. Any opponent or enemy of Christ, whether a person or a power.
anticlimax
n. A gradual or sudden decrease in the importance or impressiveness of what is said.
anticyclone
n. An atmospheric condition of high central pressure, with currents flowing outward.
antidote
n. Anything that will counteract or remove the effects of poison, disease, or the like.
antilogy
n. Inconsistency or contradiction in terms or ideas.
antipathize
v. To show or feel a feeling of antagonism, aversion, or dislike.
antiphon
n. A response or alteration of responses, generally musical.
antiphony
n. An anthem or other composition sung responsively.
antipodes
n. A place or region on the opposite side of the earth.
antiquary
n. One who collects and examines old things, as coins, books, medals, weapons, etc.
antiquate
v. To make old or out of date.
antique
adj. Pertaining to ancient times.
antiseptic
n. Anything that destroys or restrains the growth of putrefactive micro-organisms.
antislavery
adj. Opposed to human slavery.
antispasmodic
adj. Tending to prevent or relieve non-inflammatory spasmodic affections.
antistrophe
n. The inversion of terms in successive classes, as in "the home of joy and the
antitoxin
n. A substance which neutralizes the poisonous products of micro-organisms.
antonym
n. A word directly opposed to another in meaning.
anxious
adj. Distressed in mind respecting some uncertain matter.
aperture
n. Hole.
aphorism
n. Proverb.
apology
n. A disclaimer of intentional error or offense.
apostasy
n. A total departure from one's faith or religion.
apostate
adj. False.
apostle
n. Any messenger commissioned by or as by divine authority.
apothecary
n. One who keeps drugs for sale and puts up prescriptions.
apotheosis
n. Deification.
apparent
adj. Easily understood.
apparition
n. Ghost.
appease
v. To soothe by quieting anger or indignation.
appellate
adj. Capable of being appealed to.
appellation
n. The name or title by which a particular person, class, or thing is called.
append v.
o add or attach, as something accessory, subordinate, or supplementary.
appertain
v. To belong, as by right, fitness, association, classification, possession,or natural relation.
apposite
adj. Appropriate.
apposition
n. The act of placing side by side, together, or in contact.
appraise
v. To estimate the money value of.
appreciable
adj. Capable of being discerned by the senses or intellect.
apprehend
v. To make a prisoner of (a person) in the name of the law.
apprehensible
adj. Capable of being conceived.
approbation
n. Sanction.
appropriate
adj. Suitable for the purpose and circumstances.
aqueduct
n. A water-conduit, particularly one for supplying a community from a distance.
aqueous
adj. Of, pertaining to, or containing water.
arbiter
n. One chosen or appointed, by mutual consent of parties in dispute, to decide matters.
arbitrary
adj. Fixed or done capriciously.
arbitrate
v. To act or give judgment as umpire.
arboreal
adj. Of or pertaining to a tree or trees.
arborescent
adj. Having the nature of a tree.
arboretum
n. A botanical garden or place devoted to the cultivation of trees or shrubs.
arboriculture
n. The cultivation of trees or shrubs.
archaic
adj. Antiquated
archaism
n. Obsolescence.
archangel
n. An angel of high rank.
archbishop
n. The chief of the bishops of an ecclesiastical province in the Greek, Roman, and Anglican church.
archdeacon
n. A high official administrator of the affairs of a diocese.
archaeology
n. The branch of anthropology concerned with the systematic investigation of the relics of man.
archetype
n. A prototype.
archipelago
n. Any large body of water studded with islands, or the islands collectively themselves.
aristocracy
n. A hereditary nobility
aristocrat
n. A hereditary noble or one nearly connected with nobility.
arraign
v. To call into court, as a person indicted for crime, and demand whether he pleads guilty or not.
arrange
v. To put in definite or proper order.
arrangement
n. The act of putting in proper order, or the state of being put in order.
arrival
n. A coming to stopping-place or destination.
arrogant
adj. Unduly or excessively proud, as of wealth, station, learning, etc.
arrogate
v. To take, demand, or claim, especially presumptuously or without reasons or grounds.
Artesian well
n. A very deep bored well. water rises due to underground pressure
Arthurian
adj. Pertaining to King Arthur, the real or legendary hero of British poetic story.
artifice
n. Trickery.
artless
adj. Ingenuous.
ascendant
adj. Dominant.
ascension
n. The act of rising.
ascetic
adj. Given to severe self-denial and practicing excessive abstinence and devotion.
asexual
adj. Having no distinct sexual organs.
askance
adv. With a side or indirect glance or meaning.
asperity
n. Harshness or roughness of temper.
aspirant
n. One who seeks earnestly, as for advancement, honors, place.
aspiration
n. An earnest wish for that which is above one's present reach.
assailant
n. One who attacks.
assassin
n. One who kills, or tries to kill, treacherously or secretly.
assassinate
v. To kill, as by surprise or secret assault, especially the killing of some eminent person.
assessor
n. An officer whose duty it is to assess taxes.
assiduous
adj. Diligent.
assignee
n. One who is appointed to act for another in the management of certain property and interests.
assimilate
v. To adapt.
assonance
n. Resemblance or correspondence in sound.
assonant
adj. Having resemblance of sound.
assonate
v. To accord in sound, especially vowel sound.
assuage
v. To cause to be less harsh, violent, or severe, as excitement, appetite, pain, or disease.
astringent
adj. Harsh in disposition or character.
atheism
n. The denial of the existence of God.
athirst
adj. Wanting water.
athwart
adv. From side to side.
atomizer
n. An apparatus for reducing a liquid to a fine spray, as for disinfection, inhalation, etc.
atonement
n. Amends, reparation, or expiation made from wrong or injury.
atrocious
adj. Outrageously or wantonly wicked, criminal, vile, or cruel.
atrocity
n. Great cruelty or reckless wickedness.
attache
n. A subordinate member of a diplomatic embassy.
audacious
adj. Fearless.
audible
adj. Loud enough to be heard.
audition
n. The act or sensation of hearing.
auditory
adj. Of or pertaining to hearing or the organs or sense of hearing.
augment
v. To make bigger.
Augustinian
adj. Pertaining to St. Augustine, his doctrines, or the religious orders called after him.
auricle
n. One of the two chambers of the heart which receives the blood from the veins.
auricular
adj. Of or pertaining to the ear, its auricle, or the sense of
auriferous
adj. Containing gold.
auspice
n. favoring, protecting, or propitious influence or guidance.
austere
adj. Severely simple; unadorned.
autarchy
n. Unrestricted power.
authentic
adj. Of undisputed origin.
authenticity
n. The state or quality of being genuine, or of the origin and
autobiography
n. The story of one's life written by himself.
autocracy
n. Absolute government.
autocrat
n. Any one who claims or wields unrestricted or undisputed authority or influence.
automaton
n. Any living being whose actions are or appear to be involuntary or mechanical.
autonomous
adj. Self-governing.
autonomy
n. Self-government.
autopsy
n. The examination of a dead body by dissection to ascertain the cause of death.
autumnal
adj. Of or pertaining to autumn.
auxiliary
n. One who or that which aids or helps, especially when regarded as subsidiary or accessory.
avalanche
n. The fall or sliding of a mass of snow or ice down a mountain-slope, often bearing with it rock.
avarice
n. Passion for getting and keeping riches.
aversion
n. A mental condition of fixed opposition to or dislike of some particular thing.
avidity
n. Greediness.
avocation
n. Diversion.
Baconian
adj. Of or pertaining to Lord Bacon or his system of philosophy.
bacterium
n. A microbe.
bailiff
n. An officer of court having custody of prisoners under arraignment.
baleful
adj. Malignant.
barcarole
n. A boat-song of Venetian gondoliers.
barograph
n. An instrument that registers graphically and continuously the atmospheric pressure.
barometer
n. An instrument for indicating the atmospheric pressure per unit of surface.
barring
prep. Apart from.
baritone
adj. Having a register higher than bass and lower than tenor.
battalion
n. A body of infantry composed of two or more companies, forming a part of a regiment.
beatify
v. To make supremely happy.
beatitude
n. Any state of great happiness.
befriend
v. To be a friend to, especially when in need.
begrudge
v. To envy one of the possession of.
believe
v. To accept as true on the testimony or authority of others.
belittle
v. To disparage.
bellicose
adj. Warlike.
belligerent
adj. Manifesting a warlike spirit.
benediction
n. a solemn invocation of the divine blessing.
benefactor
n. A doer of kindly and charitable acts.
benefice
n. A church office endowed with funds or property for the maintenance of divine service.
beneficent
adj. Characterized by charity and kindness.
beneficial
adj. Helpful.
beneficiary
n. One who is lawfully entitled to the profits and proceeds of an estate or property.
benefit
n. Helpful result.
benevolence
n. Any act of kindness or well-doing.
benevolent
adj. Loving others and actively desirous of their well-being.
benignant
adj. Benevolent in feeling, character, or aspect.
benignity
n. Kindness of feeling, disposition, or manner.
benison
n. Blessing.
bequeath
v. To give by will.
bereave
v. To make desolate with loneliness and grief.
beseech
v. To implore.
besmear
v. To smear over, as with any oily or sticky substance.
bestial
adj. Animal.
bestrew
v. To sprinkle or cover with things strewn.
bestride
v. To get or sit upon astride, as a horse.
bethink
v. To remind oneself.
betimes
adv. In good season or time.
betroth
v. To engage to marry.
betrothal
n. Engagement to marry.
bewilder
v. To confuse the perceptions or judgment of.
bibliomania
n. The passion for collecting books.
bibliography
A list of the words of an author, or the literature bearing on a particular subject.
bibliophile
n. One who loves books.
bibulous
adj. Fond of drinking.
biennial
n. A plant that produces leaves and roots the first year and flowers and fruit the second.
bigamist
n. One who has two spouses at the same time.
bilateral
adj. Two-sided.
bilingual
adj. Speaking two languages.
biograph
n. A bibliographical sketch or notice.
biography
n. A written account of one's life, actions, and character.
biology
n. The science of life or living organisms.
birthright
n. A privilege or possession into which one is born.
bitterness
n. Acridity, as to the taste.
blaspheme
v. To indulge in profane oaths.
blatant
adj. Noisily or offensively loud or clamorous.
blemish
n. A mark that mars beauty.
blithesome
adj. Cheerful.
blockade
n. The shutting up of a town, a frontier, or a line of coast by hostile forces.
boatswain
n. A subordinate officer of a vessel, who has general charge of the rigging, anchors, etc.
boisterous
adj. Unchecked merriment or animal spirits.
bolster
v. To support, as something wrong.
bombard
v. To assail with any missile or with abusive speech.
bombardier
n. An artillery man who has charge of mortars, bombs, and shells.
bombast
n. Inflated or extravagant language, especially on unimportant subjects.
boorish
adj. Rude.
borough
n. An incorporated village or town.
botanical
adj. Connected with the study or cultivation of plants.
botanize
v. To study plant-life.
bountiful
adj. Showing abundance.
Bowdlerize
v. To expurgate in editing (a literary composition) by omitting words or passages.
boycott
v. To place the products or merchandise of under a ban.
braggart
n. A vain boaster.
brandish
v. To wave, shake, or flourish triumphantly or defiantly, as a sword or spear.
bravado
n. An aggressive display of boldness.
brazier
n. An open pan or basin for holding live coals.
breaker
n. One who trains horses, dogs, etc.
brethren
n. pl. Members of a brotherhood, gild, profession, association, or the like.
brevity
n. Shortness of duration.
bric-a-brac
n. Objects of curiosity or for decoration.
brigade
n. A body of troops consisting of two or more regiments.
brigadier
. General officer who commands a brigade, ranking between a colonel and a major-general.
brigand
n. One who lives by robbery and plunder.
brimstone
n. Sulfur.
bristle
n. One of the coarse, stiff hairs of swine: used in brush-making, etc.
Britannia
n. The United Kingdom of Great Britain.
Briticism
n. A word, idiom, or phrase characteristic of Great Britain or the British.
brittle
adj. Fragile.
broadcast
adj. Disseminated far and wide.
brokerage
n. The business of making sales and purchases for a commission; a broker.
bromine
n. A dark reddish-brown, non-metallic liquid element with a suffocating odor.
bronchitis
n. Inflammation of the bronchial tubes.
bronchus
n. Either of the two subdivisions of the trachea conveying air into the lungs.
brotherhood
n. Spiritual or social fellowship or solidarity.
browbeat
v. To overwhelm, or attempt to do so, by stern, haughty, or rude address or manner.
brusque
adj. Somewhat rough or rude in manner or speech.
buffoon
n. A clown.
buffoonery
n. Low drollery, coarse jokes, etc.
bulbous
adj. Of, or pertaining to, or like a bulb.
bullock
n. An ox.
bulrush
n. Any one of various tall rush-like plants growing in damp ground or water.
bulwark
n. Anything that gives security or defense.
bumptious
adj. Full of offensive and aggressive self-conceit.
buoyancy
n. Power or tendency to float on or in a liquid or gas.
buoyant
adj. Having the power or tendency to float or keep afloat.
bureaucracy
n. Government by departments of men transacting particular branches of public business.
burgess
n. In colonial times, a member of the lower house of the legislature of Maryland or Virginia.
burgher
n. An inhabitant, citizen or freeman of a borough burgh, or corporate town.
burnish
v. To make brilliant or shining.
buttress
n. Any support or prop.
cabalism
n. Superstitious devotion to one's religion.
cabinet
n. The body of men constituting the official advisors of the executive head of a nation.
cacophony
n. A disagreeable, harsh, or discordant sound or combination of sounds or tones.
cadaverous
adj. Resembling a corpse.
cadence
. Rhythmical or measured flow or movement, as in poetry or the time and pace of marching troops.
cadenza
n. An embellishment or flourish, prepared or improvised, for a solo voice or instrument.
caitiff
adj. Cowardly.
cajolery
n. Delusive speech.
calculable
adj. That may be estimated by reckoning.
calculus
n. A concretion formed in various parts of the body resembling a pebble in hardness.
callosity
n. The state of being hard and insensible.
calorie
n. Amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water 1 degree centigrade.
calumny
n. Slander.
Calvary
n. The place where Christ was crucified.
Calvinism
n. The system of doctrine taught by John Calvin.
Calvinize
v. To teach or imbue with the doctrines of Calvinism.
campaign
n. A complete series of connected military operations.
Canaanite
n. A member of one of the three tribes that dwelt in the land of Canaan, or western Palestine.
cantata
n. A choral composition.
cantonment
n. The part of the town or district in which the troops are quartered.
capacious
adj. Roomy.
capillary
n. A minute vessel having walls composed of a single layer of cells.
capitulate
v. To surrender or stipulate terms.
caprice
n. A whim.
caption
n. A heading, as of a chapter, section, document, etc.
captious
adj. Hypercritical.
captivate
v. To fascinate, as by excellence. eloquence, or beauty.
carcass
n. The dead body of an animal.
cardiac
adj. Pertaining to the heart.
cardinal
adj. Of prime or special importance.
caricature
n. a picture or description in which natural characteristics are exaggerated or distorted.
carnage
n. Massacre.
carnivorous
adj. Eating or living on flesh.
carouse
v. To drink deeply and in boisterous or jovial manner.
carrion
n. Dead and putrefying flesh.
cartilage
n. An elastic animal tissue of firm consistence.
cartridge
n. A charge for a firearm, or for blasting.
castigate
v. To punish.
casualty
n. A fatal or serious accident or disaster.
cataclysm
n. Any overwhelming flood of water.
cataract
n. Opacity of the lens of the eye resulting in complete or partial blindness.
catastrophe
n. Any great and sudden misfortune or calamity.
cathode
n. The negative pole or electrode of a galvanic battery.
Catholicism
n. The system, doctrine, and practice of the Roman Catholic Church.
catholicity
n. Universal prevalence or acceptance.
caustic
adj. Sarcastic and severe.
cauterize
v. To burn or sear as with a heated iron.
censorious
adj. Judging severely or harshly.
centenary
adj. Pertaining to a hundred years or a period of a hundred years.
centiliter
n. A hundredth of a liter.
centimeter
n. A length of one hundredth of a meter.
centurion
n. A captain of a company of one hundred infantry in the ancient Roman army.
ceremonial
adj. Characterized by outward form or ceremony.
ceremonious
adj. Observant of ritual.
cessation
n. Discontinuance, as of action or motion.
cession
n. Surrender, as of possessions or rights.
chagrin
n. Keen vexation, annoyance, or mortification, as at one's failures or errors.
chameleon
adj. Changeable in appearance.
chancery
n. A court of equity, as distinguished from a common-law court.
characteristic
n. A distinctive feature.
characterize
v. To describe by distinctive marks or peculiarities.
charlatan
n. A quack.
chasten
v. To purify by affliction.
chastise
v. To subject to punitive measures.
chastity
n. Sexual or moral purity.
chateau
n. A castle or manor-house.
chattel
n. Any article of personal property.
chiffon
n. A very thin gauze used for trimmings, evening dress, etc.
chivalry
n. The knightly system of feudal times with its code, usages and practices.
cholera
n. An acute epidemic disease.
choleric
adj. Easily provoked to anger.
christen
v. To name in baptism.
Christendom
n. That part of the world where Christianity is generally professed.
chromatic
adj. Belonging, relating to, or abounding in color.
chronology
n. The science that treats of computation of time or of investigation and arrangement of events.
chronometer
n. A portable timekeeper of the highest attainable precision.
circulate
v. To disseminate.
circumference
n. The boundary-line of a circle.
circumlocution
n. Indirect or roundabout expression.
circumnavigate
v. To sail quite around.
circumscribe
v. To confine within bounds.
circumspect
adj. Showing watchfulness, caution, or careful consideration.
citadel
n. Any strong fortress.
claimant
n. One who makes a claim or demand, as of right.
clairvoyance
n. Intuitive sagacity or perception.
clamorous
adj. Urgent in complaint or demand.
clandestine
adj. Surreptitious.
clangor
n. Clanking or a ringing, as of arms, chains, or bells; clamor.
clarify
v. To render intelligible.
clarion
n. A small shrill trumpet or bugle.
classify
v. To arrange in a class or classes on the basis of observed resemblance’s and differences.
clearance
n. A certificate from the proper authorities that a vessel has complied with the law and may sail.
clemency
n. Mercy.
clement
adj. Compassionate.
close-hauled
adj. Having the sails set for sailing as close to the wind as possible.
clothier
n. One who makes or sells cloth or clothing.
coagulate
v. To change into a clot or a jelly, as by heat, by chemical action, or by a ferment.
coagulant
adj. Producing coagulation.
coalescence
n. The act or process of coming together so as to form one body, combination, or product.
coalition
n. Combination in a body or mass.
codicil
n. A supplement adding to, revoking, or explaining in the body of a will.
coercion
n. Forcible constraint or restraint, moral or physical.
coercive
adj. Serving or tending to force.
cognate
adj. Akin.
cognizant
adj. Taking notice.
cohesion
n. Consistency.
cohesive
adj. Having the property of consistency.
coincide
v. To correspond.
coincidence
n. A circumstance so agreeing with another: often implying accident.
coincident
adj. Taking place at the same time.
collaborate
v. To labor or cooperate with another or others, especially in literary or scientific pursuits.
collapse
v. To cause to shrink, fall in, or fail.
collapsible
adj. That may or can collapse.
colleague
n. An associate in professional employment.
collective
adj. Consisting of a number of persons or objects considered as gathered into a mass, or sum.
collector
n. One who makes a collection, as of objects of art, books, or the like.
collegian
n. A college student.
collide
v. To meet and strike violently.
collier
n. One who works in a coal-mine.
collision
n. Violent contact.
colloquial
adj. Pertaining or peculiar to common speech as distinguished from literary.
colloquialism
n. Form of speech used only or chiefly in conversation.
colloquy
n. Conversation.
collusion
n. A secret agreement for a wrongful purpose.
colossus
n. Any strikingly great person or object.
comestible
adj. Fit to be eaten.
comical
adj. Funny.
commemorate
v. To serve as a remembrance of.
commentary
n. A series of illustrative or explanatory notes on any important work.
commingle
v. To blend.
commissariat
n. The department of an army charged with the provision of its food and water and daily needs.
commission
v. To empower.
commitment
n. The act or process of entrusting or consigning for safe-keeping.
committal
n. The act, fact, or result of committing, or the state of being
commodity
n. Something that is bought and sold.
commotion
n. A disturbance or violent agitation.
commute
v. To put something, especially something less severe, in place of.
comparable
adj. Fit to be compared.
comparative
adj. Relative.
comparison
n. Examination of two or more objects with reference to their likeness or unlikeness.
compensate
v. To remunerate.
competence
n. Adequate qualification or capacity.
competent
adj. Qualified.
competitive
adj. characterized by rivalry.
competitor
n. A rival.
complacence
n. Satisfaction with one's acts or surroundings.
complacent
adj. Pleased or satisfied with oneself.
complaisance
n. Politeness.
complaisant
adj. Agreeable.
complement
v. To make complete.
complex
adj. Complicated.
compliant
adj. Yielding.
complicate
v. To make complex, difficult, or hard to deal with.
complication
n. An intermingling or combination of things or parts, especially in a perplexing manner.
complicity
n. Participation or partnership, as in wrong-doing or with a wrong-doer.
compliment
v. To address or gratify with expressions of delicate praise.
component
n. A constituent element or part.
comport
v. To conduct or behave (oneself).
composure
n. Calmness.
comprehensible
adj. Intelligible.
comprehension
n. Ability to know.
comprehensive
adj. Large in scope or content.
compress
v. To press together or into smaller space.
compressible
adj. Capable of being pressed into smaller compass.
compression
n. Constraint, as by force or authority.
comprise
v. To consist of.
compulsion
n. Coercion.
compulsory
adj. Forced.
compunction
n. Remorseful feeling.
compute
v. To ascertain by mathematical calculation.
concede
v. To surrender.
conceit
n. Self-flattering opinion.
conceive
v. To form an idea, mental image or thought of.
concerto
n. A musical composition.
concession
n. Anything granted or yielded, or admitted in response to a demand, petition, or claim.
conciliate
v. To obtain the friendship of.
conciliatory
adj. Tending to reconcile.
conclusive
adj. Sufficient to convince or decide.
concord
n. Harmony.
concordance
n. Harmony.
concurrence
n. Agreement.
concurrent
adj. Occurring or acting together.
concussion
n. A violent shock to some organ by a fall or a sudden blow.
condensation
n. The act or process of making dense or denser.
condense
v. To abridge.
condescend
v. To come down voluntarily to equal terms with inferiors.
condolence
n. Expression of sympathy with a person in pain, sorrow, or misfortune.
conduce
v. To bring about.
conducive
adj. Contributing to an end.
conductible
adj. Capable of being conducted or transmitted.
conduit
n. A means for conducting something, particularly a tube, pipe, or passageway for a fluid.
confectionery
n. The candy collectively that a confectioner makes or sells, as candy.
confederacy
n. A number of states or persons in compact or league with each other, as for mutual aid.
confederate
n. One who is united with others in a league, compact, or agreement.
conferee
n. A person with whom another confers.
confessor
n. A spiritual advisor.
confidant
n. One to whom secrets are entrusted.
confide
v. To reveal in trust or confidence.
confidence
n. The state or feeling of trust in or reliance upon another.
confident
adj. Assured.
confinement
n. Restriction within limits or boundaries.
confiscate
v. To appropriate (private property) as forfeited to the public use or treasury.
conflagration
n. A great fire, as of many buildings, a forest, or the like.
confluence
n. The place where streams meet.
confluent
n. A stream that unites with another.
conformance
n. The act or state or conforming.
conformable
adj. Harmonious.
conformation
n. General structure, form, or outline.
conformity
n. Correspondence in form, manner, or use.
confront
v. To encounter, as difficulties or obstacles.
congeal
v. To coagulate.
congenial
adj. Having kindred character or tastes.
congest
v. To collect into a mass.
congregate
v. To bring together into a crowd.
coniferous
adj. Cone-bearing trees.
conjecture
n. A guess.
conjoin
v. To unite.
conjugal
adj. Pertaining to marriage, marital rights, or married persons.
conjugate
adj. Joined together in pairs.
conjugation
n. The state or condition of being joined together.
conjunction
n. The state of being joined together, or the things so joined.
connive
v. To be in collusion.
connoisseur
n. A critical judge of art, especially one with thorough knowledge and sound judgment of art.
connote
v. To mean; signify.
constable
n. An officer whose duty is to maintain the peace.
constellation
n. An arbitrary assemblage or group of stars.
consternation
n. Panic.
constituency
n. The inhabitants or voters in a district represented in a legislative body.
constituent
n. One who has the right to vote at an election.
constrict
v. To bind.
consulate
n. The place in which a consul transacts official business.
consummate
v. To bring to completion.
consumption
n. Gradual destruction, as by burning, eating, etc., or by using up, wearing out, etc.
consumptive
adj. Designed for gradual destruction.
contagion
n. The communication of disease from person to person.
contagious
adj. Transmitting disease.
contaminate
v. To pollute.
contemplate
v. To consider thoughtfully.
contemporary
adj. Living or existing at the same time.
contemptible
adj. Worthy of scorn or disdain.
contemptuous
adj. Disdainful.
contender
n. One who exerts oneself in opposition or rivalry.
contiguity
n. Proximity.
contiguous
adj. Touching or joining at the edge or boundary.
continence
n. Self-restraint with respect to desires, appetites, and passion.
contingency
n. Possibility of happening.
contingent
adj. Not predictable.
continuance
n. Permanence.
continuation
n. Prolongation.
continuity
n. Uninterrupted connection in space, time, operation, or development.
continuous
adj. Connected, extended, or prolonged without separation or interruption of sequence.
contort
v. To twist into a misshapen form.
contraband
n. Trade forbidden by law or treaty.
contradiction
n. The assertion of the opposite of that which has been said.
contradictory
adj. Inconsistent with itself.
contraposition
n. A placing opposite.
contravene
v. To prevent or obstruct the operation of.
contribution
n. The act of giving for a common purpose.
contributor
n. One who gives or furnishes, in common with others, for a common purpose.
contrite
adj. Broken in spirit because of a sense of sin.
contrivance
n. The act planning, devising, inventing, or adapting something to or for a special purpose.
contrive
v. To manage or carry through by some device or scheme.
control
v. To exercise a directing, restraining, or governing influence over.
controller
n. One who or that which regulates or directs.
contumacious
adj. Rebellious.
contumacy
n. Contemptuous disregard of the requirements of rightful authority.
contuse
v. To bruise by a blow, either with or without the breaking of the skin.
contusion
n. A bruise.
convalesce
v. To recover after a sickness.
convalescence
n. The state of progressive restoration to health and strength after the cessation of disease.
convalescent
adj. Recovering health after sickness.
convene
v. To summon or cause to assemble.
convenience
n. Fitness, as of time or place.
converge
v. To cause to incline and approach nearer together.
convergent
adj. Tending to one point.
conversant
adj. Thoroughly informed.