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77 Cards in this Set

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apogee
1. the point in its orbit when a planet or satellite (usually the moon) is farthest from the earth
2. the highest point; culmination; apex
geocentric
1. referring to the center of the earth in measurement or observation
2. considering the earth as the center of the planetary system
perigee
the point in its orbit when a planet or a satellite (usually the moon) is nearest the earth
inter
to bury; to place in a grave
terra cotta
1. ceramic clay used in pottery, statuary, and construction
2. referring to the color of the clay a reddish brown that may vary from gray or orange to dark brown
terrestial
1. pertaining to the earth and its inhabitants
2. referring to land as distinct from water or air
exhume
1. to dig out of the ground or from a grave; to disinter
2. to bring to light; to uncover
humus
rich, dark organic material formed by decay of vegetable matter, essentail to soil's fertility
mountebank
a swindler; a charlatan; a trickster
paramount
of chief importance; primary; foremost
promontory
a high rigdge of land jutting into a body of water; a headland
pastoral
1. pertaining to a Christian minister or the duties accompanying the office
2. referring to life in open country or to fields for farming and grazing
3. pertaining to an idealized rural life
repast
a meal; food served at a meal
rustic
1. typical of country life and people; simple; rough
2. a rural person
rusticate
1. to go to the country
2. to cause to become rustic
GAIA
<G. "the earth"
TERRA
<L. "land"
HUMUS
<L. "earth"
MONTIS
<L. "mountain"
PASTOR
<L. "shepherd"
ANIMUS
<L. "mind"
animus
1. a powerful feeling of hostility or antagonism; hatred
2. an animating spirit
equanimity
composure and calm in stressful conditions; equilibrium
pusillanimous
cowardly; fearful
AITHER
<G. "air"
ether
1. the regions of space beyond the earth's atmosphere
2. a highly flammable liquid anesthetic
ethereal
1. spiritlike in lightness and delicacy
2. heavenly; celestial
diaphanous
allowing light to show through; translucent; delicate
epiphany
1. a revelatory manifestation of a divine being
2. a revelation; a flash of understanding of the true nature of something
3. (capitalized) a Christian festival, January 6, celebrating the visit of the Wise Men to the Christ Child
phantasm
a phantom; an apparition; something unreal, as in a dream or a vision
sycophant
a flatterer seeking favors or gain; a servile self-seeker; a toady
SPIRITUS
<L. "breath"
aspiration
1. strong desire for achievement; ambition toward a long-range goal
2. expultion of breath in speaking
dispirited
dejected; discouraged; gloomy
HUPER
<G. "above"
hyperbole
an exaggeration; a figure expressing excess
hyperborean
1. far North; Arctic
2. very cold; frigid
VENTUS
<L. "wind"
hyperventilation
the condition of taking abnormally fast, deep breaths
vent
1. an outlet; an opening for passage of liquids, fumes, or sometimes air
2. to utter; to express, especially in relieving strong feelings
affable
easy to speak to; approachable; polite, friendly
ineffable
1. beyond description; indescribable
2. not to be uttered; taboo
DICTUM
<L. "to tell"
dictatorial
domineering; autocratic, like a dictator
diction
1. choice of words in speech or writing
2. a person's manner of uttereing or pronouncing words
dictum
an authoritative expression of opinion
ditty
a simple song
edict
a decree or proclamation issued by an authority
indict
1. to issue a formal charge of a crime
2. to accuse
indite
to write; to compose
interdiction
a prohibition; the act of forbidding
jurisdiction
1. control and authority, especially to interpret and exercise the law
2. the specific area of someone's or something's control or authority
malediction
a curse
valediction
a bidding farewell; a leave-taking; a farewell speech
GLOSSA
<G. "tounge"
gloss
1. an explanation of a difficult expression in a text
2. to explain away
polygot
a person who knows several languages well
CLAMO
<L. "to cry out"
acclamation
1. applause; enthusiastic approval
2. an oral-vote, especially an enthusiastic vote of approval
clamor
1. a loud outcry, especially in protest
2. to insist or exclaim noisily
declaim
to speak loudly or passionately
FORUM
<L. "forum"
forensic (s)
1. referring to legal proceedings or formal debate or rhetoric
2. the study or practice of formal debate
forum
1. the central square or marketplace of a Roman city (when capitalized, refers specifically to the one in ancient Rome)
2. a public meeting or any situation for open discussion
LINGUA
<L. "speech"
lingo
unfamiliar language; a dialect or special jargon
lingua franca
a languaged used by people who do not speak a common tounge; usually combines aspects of different languages; also called pidgin
linguist
1. a person who speaks several languages; a polygot
2. a person who studies linguistics, the structure of human speech
LEQ
<L. "to speak"
circumlocution
1. the use of many words when few would do
2. evasive talk; roundabout expression
colloquium
a meeting for discussion, especially in an academic setting
locution
a word or expression; phraseology
loquacious
very talkative
VERBUM
<L. "word"
proverbial
1. of or like a wise or witty folksaying
2. well-known; notorious; frequently spoken of
verbatim
word for word; in exactly the same words
verbose
wordy; using excessive words