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145 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
abrupt
1. broken off, lacking in continuity; steep
(antonym - sloping)
2) sudden; quick and unexpected
(antonym leisurely; deliberate)
corrupt (adj.)
changed ("broken to pieces") from good to bad; vicious
corrupt (verb)
change ("break to "pieces") from good to bad; debase; pervert; falsify
disrupt
break apart; cause disorder
erupt
burst or break out
incorruptible (adj.)
inflexibly honest; incapable of being corrupted or bribed.
interrupt (verb)
break into or between; hinder; stop
rupture (noun)
1. break; breaking
2. hostility
bactericide (noun)
substance that kills bacteria
biocide (noun)
substance that destroys living microorganisms
fratricide (noun)
act of killing (or killer of) one's brother
fungicide (noun)
substance that kills fungi or inhibits their growth
genocide (noun)
deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group
germicide (noun)
substance that kills germs
herbicide (noun)
substance that kills plants
homicide (noun)
killing of one human by another
infanticide (noun)
act of killing (or killer of) an infant
insecticide (noun)
substance that kills insects
matricide (noun)
act of killing (or killer of) one's mother
patricide (noun)
act of killing (or killer of) one's father.
pesticide (noun)
substance that kills rats, insects, bacteria, etc.
regicide (noun)
act of killing (or killer of) a king
sororicide (noun)
act of killing (or killer of) one's sister
suicide (noun)
act of killing (or killer of) one's self
tyrannicide (noun)
act of killing (or killer of) a tyrant
astringent (adj.)
1. drawing (the tissues) tightly together
2. stern; austere
astringent (noun)
substance that shrinks tissyes and checks flow of blood by drawing together blood vessels
boa constrictor (noun)
snake that "constricts" or crushes its prey in its coils
constrict (verb)
draw together; render narrower; shrink
(antonym - expand)
restrict (verb)
keep within limits (literally, "keep back"); confine
stricture (noun)
adverse criticism (literally, "tightening"); censure
stringent (adj.)
strict (literally, "binding tight"); rigid; severe
unrestructed (adj.)
1. not confined within bounds; free
2. open to all
carnivorous (adj.)
flesh-eating
devour (verb)
1. eat greedily or ravenously
2. seize upon and destroy
frugivorous (adj.)
feeding on fruit
herbivore (noun)
plant-eating animal
herbivorous (adj.)
dependent on (literally, "eating") insects as food
insectivorous (adj.)
dependent on (literally, "eating") insects as food
omnivore (noun)
person or animal that eats everything (both flesh and plants)
omnivorous (adj.)
1. eating everything, both plant and animal substances
2. avidly taking in everything, as an omnivorous reader
voracious (adj.)
1. greedy in eating
2. insatiable, as a voracious appetite
convivial (adj.)
fond of eating and drinking with friends; jovial; hospitable
(antonym - taciturn, inclined to silence; stolid, unemotional)
revive (verb)
bring back to life; restore
survive (verb)
outlive; remain alive after
(antonym - perish)
vivacious (adj.)
lively in temper or conduct
(antonym - languid, lacking in vigor)
vivacity (noun)
liveliness of spirit
vivid (adj.)
1. (used with things) having the vigor and spirit of life
2. sharp and clear; graphic
vivify (verb)
enliven; make vivid
vivisection (noun)
operation on a living animal for scientific investigation
contortionist (noun)
perrson who can twist his or her body into odd postures
distort (verb)
1) twist out of shape; contort
2) twist out of the true meaning; misrepresent; pervert; falsify
extort (verb)
wrest (money, promises, etc.) from a person by force (literally, "twist out")
retort (verb)
reply quickly or sharply ("twist back")
retort (noun)
quick, witty or cutting reply
torsion (noun)
act of twisting; twisiting of a body by two opposing forces
tortuous (adj.)
1. full of twists or curves; winding, as a tortuous road
2. tricky; crooked
torture (verb)
1. wrench; twist
2. inflict severe pain upon
torture (noun)
anguish of body or mind; agony
convict (verb)
prove guilty; show conslusively to be guilty
convict (noun)
person serving a prison sentence
conviction (noun)
1.state of having been judged guilty of an offense
2. strong belief
convince (verb)
persuade or show conclusively by argument or proof
evict (verb)
1. expel by legal process, as to evict a tenant
2. oust
evince (verb)
show clearly; disclose
invincible (adj.)
incapable of being conquered
vanquish (verb)
overcome in battle; conquer
victor (noun)
winner; conqueror
fraction (noun)
one or more of the equal parts of a whole; fragment
fractious (adj.)
apt to break out into a passion; cross; irritable
(antonym - peaceable)
fracture (noun)
1. break or crack
2. breaking of a bone
fragile (adj.)
easily broken; frail, delicate
antonym - tough; durable
fragment (noun)
part broken off
infraction (noun)
act of breaking; breach; violation, as an infraction of a law
refract (verb)
bend (literally, "break back") a ray of light, a heat or sound wave, etc., from a straight course
refractory (adj.)
resisting; intractable; hard to manage, as a refractory mule
(antonyms - malleable, tractable, adaptable).
Omnibus(adj)
Covering many things at once, as an omnibus bill
Omnibus(n)
1. bus
2. Book containing a variety of works by one authorr, as a Hemmingway omnibus
fraction(n
one ore more equal parts of a whole: fragment
fractious(adj)
apt to break out into a passion, irratible, cross
fracture(n)
1. break or crack
2. breaking of a bone
Fragile(adj)
easily broken; frail; delicate
infraction(n)
act of breaking; breach; violation, as an infraction of a law
refract(n)
bend(literally break back) a ray of light, a heat or sound wave, etc from its straight course
refractory(adj)
resisting; intractable; hard to manage, as a rafractory mule
omnifarious(adj)
of all varieties, forms, or kinds
Omnific(adj)
all creating
omnipotent(adj)
Unlimited in power; almighty
omnipresent(adj)
present everywhere at the same time; ubiquitous
omniscient(adj)
knowing everything
omnivorous(adj)
1. Eating everything, both plant and animal substances
2. Avidly taking in everything, as an omnivorous reader
deflect(v)
turn aside
flex(v)
bend, as to flex a limb
flexible(adj)
pliable; not rigid; tractable
flexor(n)
muscle that serves to bend a limb
genuflect(v)
bend the knee: touch right knee to the ground as in worship
inflection(n)
change in pitch or tone of a person's voice
inflexibility(n)
rigidity; firmness
reflect(v)
1. Throw back light as a prism
2. think
reflex(n)
involuntary response to a stimulus; for example, sneezing is a reflex
detention(n)
act of keeping back or detaining
impertinent
1. not pertinent; inappropriate
2. rude
pertinacious(adj)
adhering firmly to a purpose or opinion; very persistent
pertinent(adj)
having to do with the matter at hand; releveant
retentive(adj)
tenacious; able to retain or remember
retinue(n)
group of foillowers or assistants attending a distinguished person
tenacity(n)
firmness in holding fast; persistence
tenancy(n)
period of a tenant's temporary holding of real estate
tenet(n)
principle, belief, or doctrine generally accepted as true
tenure(n)
1. Period for which an office or position is held
2. Status assuring an employee a permanent position
untenable(adj)
incapable of being held or defended
admonish(v)
warn of a fault; reprove; rebuke
admonition(n)
gentle reproof; counseling against a fault or error
admonitory(adj)
conveying a gentle reproof
monitor(n)
person or mechanical device that keeps track of, checks, or warms
monument(n)
a means of reminding us of a person or event; for example, a state or a tomb
premonition(n)
forewarning; intuitive anticipation of a coming event
premonitory(adj)
conveying a forewarning
countermand (v)
issue a contrary order
mandate(n)
1. authoritative command
2. Territory administered to a trustee
mandatory(adj)
obligatory; required by command
remand(v)
send back; recommit, as to a prison
writ of mandamus(n)
written order from a court to enforce the performance of some public duty
accredited(adj)
officially authorized or recognized; provided with credentials
credence(n)
belief as to the truth of something
credentials(n pl.)
documents, letters, references, etc, that inspire belief or trust
credible(adj)
believable
credit(n)
belief; faith; trust
credulous(adj)
too read to believe; easily deceived
creed(n)
summary of principles believed in or adhered to
discredit(v)
1. cast doubt on; refuse to believe
2. Take trust or credit away from; disgrace
discredit(n)
loss of belief or trust; damage to one's reputation; disgrace
incredible(adj)
not believable
incredulity(n)
disbelief
affidavit(n)
sworn written statement made before an authorized official
bona fide(adj)
made or carried out in good faith; genuine
confidant(n)
one to whom secrets are entrusted
confident(adj)
having faith in one's self; self-reliant; sure
confidential(adj)
communicated in trust; secret; private
diffident(adj)
lacking faith in oneself; timid; shy
fidelity(n)
faithfulness to a vow or a trust
2. accuracy; faithfulness of sound reproduction
fiduciary(adj)
1. held in trust
2. confidential
infadel(n)
one who does not accept a particular faith; unbeliever
peridious(adj)
false to a trust; faithless
perfidy(n)
violation of a trust; treachery; faithlessness; disloyalty