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109 Cards in this Set

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sessile
adj.
1. Botany. Stalkless and attached directly at the base

2. Zoology. Permanently attached or fixed; immobile; not free-moving
1. sessile leaves

2. sessile barnacles
milquetoast
n. a timid, weak, or unassertive person
paean
n. a joyous song or hymn of praise, tribute, thanksgiving, or triumph

encomium: formal expression of high praise
simian
adj. Relating to, characteristic of, or resembling an ape or a monkey
peripatetic
adj.
1. Walking about or from place to place; traveling on foot.

2. Of or relating to the philosophy or teaching methods of Aristotle, who conducted discussions while walking about in the Lyceum of ancient Athens.
bole
n. the trunk of a tree
rakish
adj.
1. Nautical. Having a trim, streamlined appearance:

2. Dashingly or sportingly stylish; jaunty.
1, “We were schooner-rigged and rakish, with a long and lissome hull” (John Masefield).
prole
n. : a member of the working class (not necessarily employed)

[syn: proletarian, worker]
insouciance
n.
Blithe lack of concern; nonchalance, lighthearted

n : the cheerful feeling you have when nothing is troubling you [syn: carefreeness, lightheartedness, lightsomeness]
blithe
adj. Carefree and lighthearted; casual

Lacking due concern
spoken with blithe ignorance of the true situation
sonorous
adj.
1. Having or producing sound, esp. a full, deep, or rich sound.

2. Impressive in style of speech
2. a sonorous oration
jingle
v.
1. To make a tinkling() or ringing metallic sound, as a small bell.

2. To have the catchy sound of a simple, repetitious rhyme or doggerel (Crudely or irregularly fashioned verse, often of a humorous or burlesque nature.).
tinkling: a succession of short, light, ringing sounds, as a small bell.
doggerel
n. Crudely or irregularly fashioned verse, often of a humorous or burlesque nature.
cognate
n.
1. Related by blood; having a common ancestor.

2. Related in origin, as certain words in genetically related languages descended from the same ancestral root; for example, English name and Latin nmen from Indo-European *n-men-.

3. Related or analogous in nature, character, or function
unprepossessing
adj. Not overtly impressive; unremarkable; nondescript:
an unprepossessing little hotel
dossier
n. A collection of papers giving detailed information about a particular person or subject.
mum
adj. Not verbalizing; silent.
tousle
(tou'zəl, -səl)

v. To disarrange or rumple; dishevel.
torchere
n. A usually tall floor lamp with a bowl-shaped part that diffuses the light or directs it upward.
cryptic
adj.
1. mysterious in meaning; puzzling; ambiguous:
a cryptic message.

2. abrupt; terse; short:
a cryptic note.

3. secret; occult:
a cryptic writing.

4. Using code or cipher.
occult: understood only by the initiate
strident
adj. Loud, harsh, grating, or shrill; discordant; vociferous.
jackeroo
n. A young man living as an apprentice on a sheep station, or otherwise engaged in acquainting himself with colonial life. [Colloq., Australia]
gumption
n.
1. Boldness of enterprise; initiative or aggressiveness.

2. Guts; spunk(); mettle()

3. Common sense.
2. spunk: spirit, pluck, mettle

pluck: courage or resolution in the face of difficulties.

mettle: courage and fortitude

Fortitude: physical and mental strength in facing difficulty courageously
palimony
n. An allowance for support made under court order and given usually by one person to his or her former lover or live-in companion after they have separated.
baroque
n .
1. Of, relating to, or characteristic of a style in art and architecture developed in Italy and spread through Europe from the early 1600s to 1750, emphasizing dramatic, often strained effect and typified by bold, curving forms, elaborate ornamentation, and overall balance of disparate parts; characterized by free and sculptural use of the classical orders and ornament, by forms in elevation and plan suggesting movement, and by dramatic effect in which architecture, painting, sculpture, and the decorative arts often worked to combined effect.

2. extravagantly ornate, florid(), and convoluted in character or style, esp. something in bad taste

the baroque prose of the novel's more lurid (shocking) passages.

3. irregular in shape: baroque pearls.
2.
Florid:
1. Reddish; ruddy; rosy:
a florid complexion.

2. flowery; excessively ornate; showy:
florid writing.

2. “the baroque, encoded language of post-structural legal and literary theory” (Wendy Kaminer)
arcane
adj. Known or understood by only a few: mysterious
arcane economic theories
logorrhea
adj. Excessive use of words.
crane
v. intransitive
1. To stretch one's neck toward something for a better view.

2. To be irresolute; hesitate.
loathe
v. to dislike greatly

abhor

abominate
mortify
v.
1. To cause to experience shame, humiliation, or wounded pride; humiliate.

2. To discipline (one's body and physical appetites) by self-denial or self-inflicted privation.
winnow
v. To examine closely and separate the good from the bad;

sift; extract (as in wheat from the chaff)
gewgaw
n. a showy trifle; a trinket; a bauble
clerestory
n .
1. The upper part of the nave, transepts, and choir of a church, containing windows.

2. An upper portion of a wall containing windows for supplying natural light to a building.
CLER-story
refectory
n. A room where meals are served, especially in a college or other institution.
doppelganger
n. a ghostly double of a living person, especially one that haunts its fleshly counterpart.
scintillating
v.
1. To throw off sparks; to sparkle or shine; flash.

2. To be animated and brilliant:
2. scintillating dinner converations
cantillate.
v. To chant or recite (a liturgical text) in a musical monotone
lilt
n.
1. A cheerful or lively manner of speaking, in which the pitch of the voice varies pleasantly.

2. A light, happy tune or song.

3. A light or resilient manner of moving or walking.
privation
n.
1. Lack of the basic necessities or comforts of life.

2. An act, condition, or result of deprivation or loss.
hark
v. to listen attentively
hark back
v. To return to a previous point or circumstance, as in a narrative.
steely
adj.
1. Made of steel.

2. Resembling steel, as in color or hardness
2. steely eyes
laud
n.
1. Praise; glorification.

2. A hymn or song of praise.
lauds also Lauds (used with a singular or plural verb)
pearlescent
adj. Having a pearly luster or gloss.
aural
adj. Characterized by or relating to an aura.
aspergillum
n. An instrument, such as a brush or a perforated container, used for sprinkling holy water.
yawn
v.
1. To open the mouth wide with a deep inhalation, usually involuntarily from drowsiness, fatigue, or boredom.

2. To open wide; gape:
2. The chasm yawned at our feet.
stodgy
adj.
1. Dull, unimaginative, tediously commonplace; boring

a stodgy Victorian novel

2. Unduly formal or traditional; prim () or pompous; stuffy:

a stodgy old businessman

3. Indigestible and starchy; heavy: stodgy food.

4. Solidly built; stocky;

stodgy athelete
prim: Precise or proper to the point of affectation; excessively decorous

“Why is the middle-class so stodgy, so utterly without a sense of humor!” (Katherine Mansfield).
petulant
adj.
moved to or showing sudden, impatient irritation, esp. over some trifling annoyance

a petulant toss of the head

"an incorrigibly fractious young man";

syn: cranky, fractious, irritable, nettlesome, peevish, peckish, pettish, testy, tetchy, techy
peevish:–adjective
1. cross, querulous, or fretful (irritable), as from vexation or discontent: a peevish youngster.

testy: adj.
irritably impatient; touchy.

nettlesome: –adjective
1. causing irritation, vexation, or annoyance: to cope with a nettlesome situation.
2. easily provoked or annoyed: to become nettlesome over trivial matters.

peckish: adj.
1. somewhat hungry: By noon we were feeling a bit peckish.
2. rather irritable: He's always a bit peckish after his nap.

pettish: –adjective
petulantly peevish: a pettish refusal.

tetchy: adj.
irritable; touchy.

techy: adj.
irritable; touchy.

2. showing annoyance, irritation, or bad mood: a peevish reply; a peevish frown.
baleful
adj.
1. Portending evil; ominous; sinister.

2. Harmful or malignant in intent or effect.
prodigious
adj.
1. Impressively great in size, force, or extent; enormous:


2. Extraordinary; marvelous:
1. a prodigious storm

2. a prodigious talent.
flagrant
adj. Conspicuously bad, offensive, or reprehensible; blatant

a flagrant miscarriage of justice

flagrant cases of wrongdoing at the highest levels of government
auteur
n. A filmmaker, usually a director, who exercises creative control over his or her works and has a strong personal style.
subtext
n.
1. The implicit meaning or theme of a literary text.

2. The underlying personality of a dramatic character as implied or indicated by a script or text and interpreted by an actor in performance.
demur
v.
1. To voice opposition; object:


2. To delay.
1. demurred at the suggestion.
penchant
n. A definite liking; a strong inclination; predilection.
mewl
v. To cry weakly; whimper.
whimper: to cry with low, plaintive, broken sounds.

plaintive: expressing sorrow or melancholy; mournful: a plaintive melody.
hale
adj. Free from infirmity or illness; sound; healthy.
roil
v.
1. To make (a liquid) muddy or cloudy by stirring up sediment.

2. To displease or disturb; vex:
2. My roommate's off-putting habits began to roil me.
tendril
n. A twisting, threadlike structure

a strand of hair

a twining plant, such as a grape or cucumber, grasps an object or a plant for support.
fallow
adj.
1. Plowed but left unseeded during a growing season:

2. Characterized by inactivity:
1. fallow farmland

2. fallow gold market
smite
v.
1. To strike,damage and destroy

2. To afflict:

3. To afflict retributively; chasten() or chastise.()

4. To affect sharply with great feeling:
2. The population was smitten by the plague.

3.chasten: to inflict suffering upon for purposes of moral improvement; chastise.

chastise: to discipline, esp. by corporal punishment.

He was smitten by deep remorse.
acolyte
n.
1. One who assists the celebrant in the performance of liturgical rites.

2. A devoted follower or attendant.
feral
adj.
1.a. Existing in a wild or untamed state.

1.b. Having returned to an untamed state from domestication.

2. Of or suggestive of a wild animal; savage:
2. a feral grin
rueful
adj.
1. Inspiring pity or compassion.

2. Causing, feeling, or expressing sorrow or regret.
imp
n.
1. A mischievous child.

2. A small demon.
provocateur
n : a secret agent who incites suspected persons to commit illegal acts
tallow
n.
1. Hard fat obtained from parts of the bodies of cattle, sheep, or horses, and used in foodstuffs or to make candles, leather dressing, soap, and lubricants.

2. Any of various similar fats, such as those obtained from plants.
ethereal
adj.
1. Characterized by lightness and insubstantiality; intangible.
ethereal spirit

2. Highly refined; delicate; airy.
ethereal Irish lace

3. Of the celestial spheres; heavenly.
ethereal realm of the zodiac

4. Not of this world; spiritual.
ethereal powers bless an old house
ebullient
adj.
1. Zestfully enthusiastic.

2. Boiling or seeming to boil; bubbling.
ebul-yent
accretion
n. Growth or increase in size by gradual external addition, fusion, or inclusion.
abet
v.
To approve, encourage, support, urge and help an action or plan of action.
abetted the thief in robbing the bank
inscrutable
adj. Difficult to fathom or understand; impenetrable; mysterious.
plight
n. A situation, especially a bad or unfortunate one; predicament.
muss
v. To make messy or untidy; rumple.
flinty
adj 1: showing unfeeling resistance to tender feelings;

"the child's misery would move even the most obdurate heart" [syn: obdurate, stony]

2: having austere inflexibility;

"granitic morality"; "his unyielding mouth and glassy eyes"- Marchette Chute [syn: granitic, unyielding]
supplicate
v.

To ask for humbly or earnestly, as by praying;

To humbly entreat; to beseech.
vex
v.
1. To annoy, as with petty importunities; bother; to torment; trouble; distress; plague; worry.
Fear of poverty vexes many.

2. To debate or discuss (a question, for example) at great length.
Years ago I vexed the presence of god with my old roommate, Jay Rhee.

3. to disturb by motion; stir up; toss about.
As we began kyaking the paddles vexed the sendiment making the otherwise clear water cloudy.

4. To afflict with physical pain
Doctors in the civil war vexed their amputees when they amputated appendages despite the lack of morphine. consumed.
austere
adj.
1. Severe or stern in disposition; somber and grave

2. Severe or strict in discipline; ascetic:

3. Severe or strict in appearance; having no adornment or ornamentation; bare:
1. the austere figure of a Puritan minister

2. a sadu's austere life.

3. an austere style.
beseech
v.

To request earnestly; beg for; implore
beseech help
shrill
adj.
1. Having or producting a high-pitched and piercing in tone or sound:

2. Sharp or keen to the senses; harshly vivid:
1. the shrill wail of a siren.

a shrill fife.

2. shrill colors used by the fauvists
vociferous
adj.
conspicuously and offensively loud

Syn: blatent, boisterous, strident, clamorous
Synonyms: vociferous, blatant, boisterous, strident, clamorous
These adjectives mean conspicuously and usually offensively loud.

Vociferous suggests a noisy outcry, as of vehement protest: vociferous complaints.

Blatant connotes coarse or vulgar noisiness: “Up rose a blatant Radical” (Walter Bagehot).

Boisterous implies unrestrained noise, tumult, and often rowdiness: boisterous youths.

Strident stresses offensive harshness, shrillness, or discordance: a legislator with a strident voice.

Something clamorous is both vociferous and sustained: a clamorous uproar.
vehement
adj.
1. Characterized by forcefulness of expression or intensity of emotion or conviction; fervid; intense; strong
a vehement speech; a vehement denial

Marked by great energy or exertion; strenuous:
vehement clapping.

2. characterized by rancor or anger; violent
vehement gang conflicts
1. a vehement denial

fervid: marked by great passion or zeal

2. vehement hostility

vigor: healthy physical or mental energy or power; vitality.
spunk
n.
1. The courage to carry on. Spirit; pluck (Resourceful courage and daring in the face of difficulties); mettle ()

2. Punk (Dry decayed wood) ,
touchwood (decayed wood used for tinder), or
tinder (Readily combustible material, such as dry twigs, used to kindle fires).
mettle: noun
1. courage and fortitude: a man of mettle.
2. disposition or temperament: a man of fine mettle.

Fortitude: mental and emotional strength in facing difficulty, adversity, danger, or temptation courageously:
Never once did her fortitude waver during that long illness.
pluck
n.
1. Resourceful courage and daring in the face of difficulties; spirit

2. The heart, liver, windpipe, and lungs of a slaughtered animal

3. The act of plucking
punk
n.
1. Dry decayed wood, used as tinder.
spunk
touchwood
tinder

2. Any of various substances that smolder when ignited, used to light fireworks.

3. Chinese incense.
occult
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or dealing with supernatural influences, agencies, or phenomena.

2. Beyond the realm of human comprehension; inscrutable.

3. Available only to the initiate; secret: mysterious.

4. Hidden from view; concealed.

5. Medicine. Not accompanied by readily detectable signs or symptoms. Detectable only by microscopic examination or chemical analysis, as a minute blood sample.
3. occult lore

5. occult carcinoma.
discordant
adj.
1. Not being in accord; conflicting.

2. Disagreeable in sound; harsh or dissonant.


2. Out of harmony
impenetrable
adj.
1. Impossible to penetrate or enter:

2. Impossible to understand; incomprehensible:


3. Impervious to sentiment or argument:
1. an impenetrable fortress.

2. impenetrable jargon.

3. an impenetrable heart.
entreat
v.

v : ask for or request earnestly;
"The prophet bid all people to become good persons"
[syn: bid, beseech, adjure, press, conjure]
ascetic
n.
one who renounces material comforts and leads a life of austere self-discipline, especially as an act of religious devotion.
tinder
n. Readily combustible material, such as dry twigs, used to kindle fires.
rumple
v.
To wrinkle or form into folds or creases.
dishevel
v.

1. To disarrange the hair or clothing

2. To throw into disorder.
adjure
v.
1. To command solemnly, as under oath; enjoin ()
“adjuring her in the name of God to declare the truth” (Increase Mather).

2. To appeal to or entreat earnestly.
The jury asked for instructions from the judge.
conjure
v.
1.a. To summon (a devil or spirit) by magical or supernatural power.

1.b. To influence or effect by or as if by magic:

2. To call or bring to mind; evoke; to imagine; picture:
1.b. tried to conjure away the doubts that beset her.

2.a. “Arizona conjures up an image of stark deserts for most Americans” (American Demographics)

“a sight to store away, then conjure up someday when they were no longer together” (Nelson DeMille).
peevish
adj.

1. irascible: cross(), querulous(), fretful(), vexed, discontent
a peevish youngster

[syn: cranky, fractious, irritable, nettlesome, peckish, pettish, petulant, testy, tetchy, techy

2. showing annoyance, irritation, or bad mood:
a peevish reply
a peevish frown

3. perverse or obstinate; contrary or stubborn
cross: adj.
angry and annoyed; ill-humored; snappish: Don't be cross with me.

querulous: adj.
habitually complaining

fret: adj.
disposed or quick to fret; irritable or peevish
reprehensible
adj.
Deserving rebuke or censure; blameworthy
importunate
adj.

urgent or persistent in solicitation, especially annoyingly so; troublesome; annoying:

importunate demands for attention from the children
keen
adj.
1. Having a fine, sharp cutting edge or point.

2. Having or marked by intellectual quickness and acuity; sharp.

3. Acutely sensitive:

4. Sharp; vivid; strong: Intense; piercing:

5. Ardent; enthusiastic:

6. Eagerly desirous:

7. Slang. Great; splendid; fine:
1. a keen razor

2. a keen mind

3. a keen ear

4. “His entire body hungered for keen sensation, something exciting” (Richard Wright).

a keen wind.

5. a keen chess player

6. keen on going to Europe in the spring

7. What a keen day!
valor
n .
Courage and boldness, as in battle; bravery.
pretentious
adj.
1. Claiming or demanding a position of distinction or merit, especially when unjustified.

2. Making or marked by an extravagant outward show; ostentatious; showy.
fervid
adj.
1. Marked by great passion or zeal; heated or vehement in spirit, enthusiasm, etc.: a fervid orator.

2. Extremely hot; burning.
1. a fervid patriot
prim
adj.

1. formally precise or proper, as persons or behavior; stiffly neat; prudish ()

2. Neat and trim;
a prim hedgerow
prudish: adj
excessively proper or modest in speech, conduct, dress, etc.
enjoin
v.
1.To direct or impose with authority and emphasis.

2. To prohibit or forbid.
fractious
adj.
1. Inclined to make trouble; unruly.

2. Having a peevish nature; cranky.
querulous
adj.
adj : habitually complaining;
"a whining child"
[syn: fretful, whiney, whining(a), whiny]
tawdry
adj.
1. Gaudy() and cheap in nature or appearance.

2. Shameful or indecent ()
gaudy: Showy in a tasteless or vulgar way.

2. tawdry secrets.
gaudy
adj.

Showy in a tasteless or vulgar way.