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43 Cards in this Set

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querulous
1. full of complaints; habitually complaining
a querulous tone
constant querulous reminders of things to be done

syn: peevish, petulant, testy(); caviling()
carping(), discontented
testy: adj.
irritably impatient; touchy

cavil, carp: verbs
to raise irritating and niggling objections; find fault with unnecessarily/ unreasonably
(usually fol. by at or about):
He finds something to cavil at in everything I say.
to carp at minor errors.

niggling: adj
1. petty; trivial; inconsequential
2. demanding too much care, attention, time, etc.
niggling, fastidious guests
fret
v.
1. To cause to be uneasy; vex; to feel or express worry, annoyance or discontent:
Fretting about the lost ring isn't going to help.:
“fret thy soul with crosses and with cares” (Edmund Spenser).

2. To gnaw() or chafe(); erode; corrode
acids that fret at the strongest metals
the new hiking boots fretted my heels until they were bloody

(often fol. by away): Limestone slowly frets away under pounding by the wind and rain.


3. To form (a passage or channel) by erosion.
The river frets at its banks until a new channel is formed.

4. To disturb the surface of (water or a stream); agitate.
gnaw: verb:
to wear away by persistent biting or nibbling

chafe: verb
to wear away by rubbing
fractious
adj.
1. refractory() or unruly:
a fractious wild horse that would not submit to the harness.

2. irascible; peevish; quarrelsome; irritable; cranky; easily angered

an incorrigibly fractious young man
refractory: adj.
hard or impossible to manage; stubbornly disobedient:
a refractory child.
unruly
adj. Difficult or impossible to discipline, manage, control, or rule.
intractable()
recalcitrant()
refractory

describe persons or things that resist management or control.
Unruly suggests persistently disorderly behavior or character in persons or things:
an unruly child, peevish and willful;
wild, unruly hair.

—Synonyms disobedient, unmanageable, uncontrollable, stubborn, disorderly, riotous, ungovernable

Intractable –adjective
1. not easily controlled or directed; not docile or manageable; stubborn; obstinate: an intractable disposition.
2. (of things) hard to shape or work with: an intractable metal.
3. hard to treat, relieve, or cure: the intractable pain in his leg.

recalcitrant–adjective
1. resisting authority or control; not obedient or compliant; refractory.
2. hard to deal with, manage, or operate.

refractory-adj.
1. hard or impossible to manage; stubbornly disobedient:
a refractory child.

2. difficult to fuse, reduce, or work, as an ore or metal.

3. resisting ordinary methods of treatment, as in a disease
churl
n.
1. A rude, boorish person.

2. A miserly person.

3. A ceorl (A freeman of the lowest class in Anglo-Saxon England).
chA-or-l
intractable
adj. ()

1. Difficult to manage or govern; stubborn; unruly.

2. Difficult to mold or manipulate:
intractable materials.

3. Difficult to alleviate, remedy, or cure:
intractable pain.
Intractable suggests in persons a determined resistance to all attempts to guide or direct them, in things a refusal to respond to attempts to shape, improve, or modify them: an intractable social rebel; a seemingly intractable problem in logistics.
ruddy
adj
1: inclined to a healthy reddish color often associated with outdoor life;
"a ruddy complexion"
"Santa's rubicund cheeks"
"a fresh and sanguine complexion"
rubicund (red or reddish)
sanguine (blood red, reddish, red)

2: having any of numerous bright or strong colors reminiscent of the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies

red, reddish
cherry, cherry-red
blood-red
ruby, ruby-red
scarlet (bright red inclining toward orange)
cerise (moderate to deep red)
carmine/crimson (deep purplish red)
frowzy
adj.
1. Unkempt(); slovenly()
frowzy clothes
a frowzy professor

2. Having an unpleasant smell; musty()
a frowzy pantry
unkempt: –adjective
1. not combed: unkempt hair.

2. uncared-for, neglected; disheveled; messy:
unkempt clothes; an unkempt lawn.

3. unpolished; rough; crude.

Slovenly: –adjective
1. untidy or unclean in appearance or habits.
2. slipshod; careless, seedy, shabby.

Musty: adj.
having a moldy or stale odor or flavor
ribald
adj.

vulgar or indecent in speech, language, etc.; coarsely mocking, abusive, or irreverent;

scurrilous.
askew
adj : turned or twisted toward one side
"a...youth with a gorgeous red necktie all askew"- G.K.Chesterton

"his wig was, as the British say, askew"

awry
cockeyed (twisted, tilted, or slanted to one side)
lopsided
skew-whiff (turned or twisted toward one side)
impassive
adj.
1. Having or showing little emotion; expressionless

2. Not easily aroused or excited;

3. Motionless; still
decorous
adj
characterized by propriety, dignity and good taste in manners and conduct

"the tete-a-tete() was decorous in the extreme"
[ant: indecorous]
"her becoming modesty";
"comely behavior";
"it is not comme il faut() for a gentleman to be constantly asking for money";
"a decent burial";
"seemly behavior"

[syn: becoming, comely, comme il faut, decent, seemly]
tete-a-tete: of, between, or for two persons together privately, without others.

comme il faut (kaw-meel foh): as it should be; proper; fitting; fittingly.
sclerotic
adj
1: relating to or having sclerosis; thickened or hardened; "a sclerotic blood vessel"

2: of or relating to the sclera of the eyeball; "sclerotic tissue"
incursion
n.
The act of entering another's territory or domain (country, house, etc.)
hapless
adj.
Luckless; unfortunate.
emollient
adj.
1. Softening and soothing, especially to the skin.

2. Making less harsh or abrasive; mollifying ()
the emollient approach of a diplomatic mediator.
mollify: soften
rampant
adj.
1. rearing upon the hind legs with forelegs extended -- used of a heraldic animal

2. menacingly or profusely widespread; rife(); in full sway

a rampant epidemic
rampant corruption
rampant rumors
rampant weeds

3. violent in action or spirit; raging; furious:

rampant lions
rife: abundant, plentiful, or numerous.
kowtow
v.
1. To kneel and touch the forehead to the ground in expression of deep respect, worship, or submission, as formerly done in China.

2. To show servile deference; fawn
complaisant
adj. Exhibiting a desire or willingness to please; cheerfully obliging; agreeable or gracious; compliant (complying; obeying, obliging, or yielding, esp. in a submissive way)
hawk
v. To peddle goods aggressively, especially by calling out.
milch cow
n : cattle that are reared for their milk [syn: dairy cattle, dairy cow, milk cow, milcher, milker]
hamstrung
v.

To cripple as if by cutting the hamstring of an animal or a person
“These worthwhile books are often hamstrung by unimaginative formats and inaccurate art“ (Don Lessem).
fraught
adj.

1. (usually followed by 'with') full of; accompanied by; involving:
a task fraught with danger;
an evening fraught with high drama.

2. Marked by distress; emotional:
an account of a fraught mother-daughter relationship (Francesca Simon).
dotty
adj.
1. crazy or eccentric.

2. feeble or unsteady in gait; shaky
the dotty drunk stumbled through the park

3. very enthusiastic or infatuated (usually fol. by about or over)
the girls were dotty about the Beattles
Michael was dotty over the Star Wars trilogy
hapless
adj.

Luckless; unfortunate.
row
rauw: n.

1. A boisterous() disturbance or a great noise; an uproar()

2.a loud quarrel; a commotion; a brawl()
boisterous: adj.
rough, rowdy and noisily jolly; clamorous; unrestrained:
the sound of boisterous laughter.

uproar: noun
a state of violent and noisy disturbance, as of a multitude; turmoil.

brawl: n.
1. a noisy quarrel, squabble, or fight.
2. a bubbling or roaring noise; a clamor.

clamor: noun
any loud and continued noise:
the clamor of traffic; the clamor of birds
peckish
adj.
1. Somewhat hungry

2. Ill-tempered; irritable.
augur
AW-ger

v.

To predict, especially from signs or omens; foretell; betoken()

trends that augur change in society
betoken: verb
to be a sign of; portend:
a thunderclap that betokens foul weather;
an angry word that betokens hostility.
swan song
n.
1. A farewell or final appearance, action, or work.

2. The beautiful legendary song sung only once by a swan in its lifetime, as it is dying.
turbulent
adj.

1. tumultuous, disturbed, disordered, agitated
turbulent feelings or emotions.
turbulent years

2. violent, aggressive:
the turbulent young soldiers.
boisterous
adj.
1. rowdy, rough, noisily jolly; clamorous(); unrestrained:
the sound of boisterous laughter
a boisterous party

2. (of waves, weather, wind, etc.) rough and stormy.
a boisterous thunderstorm
clamorous: adj.
1. Making or marked by loud outcry or sustained din.

2. Insistently demanding attention; importunate; vigorous in demands or complaints; vociferous.
rambunctious
adj.

turbulently active and noisy; difficult to control or handle; wildly boisterous()

a rambunctious child.

a social gathering that became rambunctious and out of hand
boisterous:
rowdy, rough; noisily jolly; clamorous; unrestrained
robustious
rō-BUS-chus

adjective

1. noisy and lacking in restraint; boisterous

2. Rough, coarse, or crude:
robustious comedy
rankle
verb
(of unpleasant feelings, experiences, etc.) to continue to cause keen irritation or bitter resentment within the mind; fester; be painful.
sanguine
–adjective
1. cheerfully optimistic, hopeful, or confident:
a sanguine disposition
sanguine expectations

2. reddish; ruddy:
a sanguine complexion.

3. blood-red; reddish-purple tincture (dye or pigment)
refractory
adj.

1. hard or impossible to manage; stubbornly disobedient: a refractory child.

2. difficult to fuse, reduce, or work, as an ore or metal.
a refractory metal

3. resisting ordinary methods of treatment.
A refractory disease
testy
adj.
irritably impatient; touchy
cavil
cavil, carp: verbs
to raise irritating and niggling (petty, trivial) objections; find fault with unnecessarily/ unreasonably
(usually fol. by at or about):
He finds something to cavil at in everything I say.
to carp at minor errors.
carp
cavil, carp: verbs
to raise irritating and niggling objections; find fault with unnecessarily/ unreasonably

(usually fol. by at or about):

He finds something to cavil at in everything I say.

to carp at minor errors
niggling
niggling: adj
1. petty; trivial; inconsequential

2. demanding too much care, attention, time, etc.; fastidious
niggling guests
din
noun
a loud, confused, discordant noise; a continued loud or tumultuous sound; noisy clamor.
clamor
noun
1. any loud and continued noise
the clamor of the crowd at the gates.
the clamor of traffic;
the clamor of birds and animals in the zoo

2.a vehement expression of dissatisfaction or protest; a popular outcry
the clamor of the proponents of the law.
The senators could not ignore the clamor against higher taxation.
clamorous
: adj.
1. Making or marked by loud outcry or sustained din.

2. Insistently demanding attention; importunate; vigorous in demands or complaints
din: n.
a loud, confused noise; a continued loud or tumultuous sound;