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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abstract
an abbreviated synopsis of a longer work of scholarship or research
adage
a saying or proverb containing a truth based on experience and often couched in metaphorical language
allegory
a story in which a second meaning is to be read beneath the surface
alliteration
the repetition of one or more initial consonants in a group of words or lines in a poem
allusion
a reference to a person, place, or event meant to create an effect or enhance the meaning of an idea
ambiguity
a vagueness of meaning; a conscious lack of clarity meant to evoke multiple meanings and interpretation
anachronism
a person, scene, event, or other element in literature that fails to correspond with the time or era in which the work is set
analogy
a comparison that points out similarities between two dissimilar things
annotation
a brief explanation, summary, or evaluation of a text or work of literature
anatagonist
a character or force in a work of literature that, by opposing the protagonist produces tension or conflict
antithesis
a rhetorical opposition or contrast of ideas by means of a grammatical arrangement of words, clauses, or sentences, as in the following:
"They promised freedom but provided slavery"
"Ask not waht your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country"
aphorism
a short, pithy statement of a generally accepted truth or sentiment
Apollonian
in contrast to Dionysian, it refers to the most noble, godlike qualities of human nature and behavior
apostrophe
a locution that addresses a person of personified thing not present. ex:
"Oh, you cruel streets of Manhattan, how I detest you!"
archetype
an abstract or ideal conception of a type; a perfectly typical example; an original model or form
assonance
the repetition of two or more vowel sounds in a group of words or lines of a poem
ballad
a simple narrative verse that tells astory that is sung or recited
bard
a poet; in olden times, a performer who told heroic stories to musical accompaniment
bathos
the use of insincere or overdone sentimentality
belle-lettres
French term for the world of books, criticism, and literature in general
bibliography
a list of works cited or otherwise relevant to a subject or other work
Bildungsroman
a German word referring to a novel structured as a series of events that take place as the hero travels in quest of a goal
bombast
inflated, pretentious language used for trivial subjects
burlesque
a work of literature meant to ridicule a subject; a grotesque imitation
cacophony
grating, inharmonious sounds
caesura
a pause somewhere in the middle of a verse, often marked by punctuation
canon
the works considered most important in a national literature or period, works widely read and studied
caricature
a grotesque likeness of striking qualities in persons and things
carpe diem
literally, "seize the day"; enjoy life while you can, a common theme in literature
catharsis
a cleansing of the spirit brought about by the pity and terror of a dramatic tragedy