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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
From what does METAPHOR derive?
Greek roots meaning "to transfer". (Transfering the qualities of one object to the other.)
What are MIXED METAPHORS?
The writer combines incompatible metaphors.
What is SYNESTHESIA?
When one sensory perception is expressed in terms of a different sense, doubling and interweaving the physical connections.
What is METONYMY?
An identifying emblem is substituted for the whole name. ex. "old salt" for sailor.
What is SYNECDOCHE?
A piece or part of the whole represents the whole. ex. "Elvis the pelvis"
What is PERSONIFICATION?
An emotion or something inhuman is given human qualities.
what is PATHETIC FALLACY?
When a personification is cliche. ex the skies acting out the emotions of the actors.
From what does OXYMORON derive?
Greek roots meaning sharp and stupid.
What is CONCEIT?
A bold and/or extended similie or metaphor
What is a SYMBOL?
An image or action that stands for more than itself.
What are ARCHETYPES?
Symbols/images that have universal meaning.
What is a PRIVATE SYMBOL?
Readers do not come to it with symbolic associations of their own.
From what does CONCRETE derive?
The root word meaning "to grow together"
From what does ABSTRACT derive?
Root words meaning "to remove" and "to pull away"
What does a literal image do?
It aims to replicate in words the object or experience.
What does a figurative image do?
It likens an object or experience to something else, ususally surprising.
What do poets intend to do with figurative imagery?
1. Expand sensory perception beyond the literal meaning.
2. Give pleasure or surprise to the imagination.
3. Impart vigor by the inclusion of another active sensory detail.
4. Intensify the deeper intention in the poem by adding teh new dimension of the figurative image.
What is a SIMILIE?
An explicit equation: A is like B.
From what does SIMILIE derive?
Latin SIMILIS, meaning "similar" or "like".
What is an EPIC SIMILIE?
A similie that makes an extended comparison.
What do METAPHORS do?
Connect unlike things having common qualities that the poet wishes to emphasize.
Poets use them for a closer, more direct comparison between two things.
From what does SYMBOL derive?
Greek meaning "to put together"
What is OXYMORON?
Juxtaposes contrasting words in order to encompass contrary impressions or ideas.